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APUSH Chapter 28 (The American Pageant)
Terms in this set (37)
Leader of the Filipino independence movement against Spain (1895-1898). He proclaimed the independence of the Philippines in 1899 (with the aid of the United States), but his movement was crushed when the US decided to take over the Philippines and he was captured by the United States Army in 1901.
July 4th, 1946
- After Americanizing them, the US finally let them go
Open Door Policy
Statement of U.S. foreign policy toward China. Issued by U.S. secretary of state John Hay (1899), the statement reaffirmed the principle that all countries should have equal access to any Chinese port open to trade.
1899 rebellion in Beijing, China started by a secret society of Chinese who opposed the "foreign devils". The rebellion was ended by British troops
- US entanglement for the first time
president 1901-1909 a naturalist, was sickly as a child and stayed inside and focused on school. he loved to be outside and challenge himself.Roosevelt supported pure food and drug law, created the Bureau of Corporations to inspect business earnings, prohibited discrimination by the railroads, and enforced the Sherman Anti-trust Act. He changed the nation's foreign policy by making it more imperialistic and adding new lands like Hawaii.
Term for Roosevelt's group of athletic, tennis-playing cronies who surrounded him.
Part of the Theodore Roosevelt phrase: "Speak softly and carry a big stick" which represented the military might of the US
1901 - Great Britain recognized U.S. Sphere of Influence over the Panama canal zone provided the canal itself remained neutral. U.S. given full control over construction and management of the canal.
1903, US supported the revolt in order to gain control of land to make the Panama Canal. US supported Panamanian independence.
"Big Brother" Policy
extension of the Monroe Doctrine formulated by James G. Blaine in the 1880s that aimed to rally Latin American nations behind US leadership and to open their markets to US traders.
William C. Gorgas
an American expert on tropical disease, nearly wiped out yellow fever and malaria and reduced malaria in Panama
Roosevelt's 1904 extension of the Monroe Doctrine, stating that the United States has the right to protect its economic interests in South And Central America by using military force.
Russia and Japan were fighting over Korea, Manchuria, etc. Began in 1904, but neither side could gain a clear advantage and win. Both sent reps to Portsmouth, NH where TR mediated Treaty of New Hampshire in 1905. TR won the nobel peace prize for his efforts, the 1st pres. to do so.
[aka Yellow Terror] color metaphor for race that originated in late-19th with immigration of Chinese laborers. term refers to skin color of East Asians and the belief that mass immigration of Asians threatened white wages and standards of living
(1907) an informal agreement between the United States and the Empire of Japan whereby the U.S. would not impose restriction on Japanese immigration or students, and Japan would not allow further immigration to the U.S.
The Great White Fleet
A group of 16 gleaming white war ships of US on a cruise around the world to display the nation's naval power.
William Howard Taft
(1908-1912), was endorsed by Roosevelt because he pledged to carry on progressive program, then he didn't appoint any Progressives to the Cabinet, actively pursued anti-trust law suits, appoints Richard Ballinger as Secretary of the Interior, Ballinger opposed conservation and favored business interests, Taft fires Gifford Pinchot (head of U.S. forestry), ran for re-election in 1912 but lost to Wilson
secretary of state in the McKinley and Theodore Roosevelt administrations; he was the author of the Open Door Notes, which attempted to protect American interests in China in the early 20th century by asking European countries to pledge equal trading rights in China and the protection of its territory from foreign annexation.
(1897-1901) 25th president responsible for Spanish-American War, Philippine-American War, and the Annexation of Hawaii, imperialism. Is assassinated by an anarchist (Leon Czolgosz)
William Jennings Bryan
United States lawyer and politician who advocated free silver and prosecuted John Scopes (1925) for teaching evolution in a Tennessee high school (1860-1925)
A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries poitically, socially, and economically.
Clayton - Bulwar Treaty
Both U.S. and England wanted to build a Panama Canal. This said that if either of us built it, we'd get the builder's permission to use it and would share the profits.
leader of French Canal Company's campaign for the Panama Canal, French engineer who advocated an American canal through Panama and helped instigate a Panamanian rebellion against Colombia.
John Hay and Frenchman, Bunau Varilla, negotiated the terms of building the canal and the zone for building it, Says the U.S. can build canal through Panama if they can stay independent. No Panamanian ever signed the treaty.
George Washington Goethals
United States army officer and engineer who supervised the construction of the Panama Canal (1858-1928)
Ship canal cut across the isthmus of Panama by United States Army engineers; it opened in 1915. It greatly shortened the sea voyage between the east and west coasts of North America. The United States turned the canal over to Panama on Jan 1, 2000 (746)
First use of the Roosevelt Corollary. Took over control of tariff collection in Dominican Republic, and unhappy DR officials struggle to get out of grasp. Also, TR sent Americans to work out financial matters
President Theodore Roosevelt's plan for reform; all Americans are entitled to an equal opportinity to succeed
agreement in which the Japanese received no compensation for losses and only the Southern half of Sakhalin. Because of treaty, Friendship with Russia faded; Japan became rival w/ America in Asia.
- A pledge to maintain the status quo in the Far East
- Recognition of China's independence and territorial integrity, and support for continuation of the Open Door policy
- An agreement to mutual consultation in the event of future Far Eastern crises.
A group of reformers who worked to solve problems caused by the rapid industrial urban growth of the
- NOT FARMERS
Amendment to the United States Constitution (1913) gave Congress the power to tax income.
Passed in 1913, this amendment to the Constitution calls for the direct election of senators by the voters instead of their election by state legislatures.
Ban on sale, manufacture, and transport of alcoholic beverages. Repealed by 21st amendment
Amendment to the U.S. Constitution (1920) extended the right to vote to women in federal or state elections.
Progressive Era (1890-1917)
Period of reform from 1890s-1920s. Opposed waste and corruption while focusing on the general rights of the individual. Pushed for social justice, general equality, and public safety. Significants in this movement included trust-busting, Sherman Anti-trust Act, President Theodore Roosevelt, Upton Sinclair's "The Jungle", Pure Food and Drug Act and Meat Inspection Act of 1906.`
Oil gusher that started TX oil boom in 1901. It was located south of Beaumont. It produced more oil than all the Texas oil wells combined in 1901.
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