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John Tyler

Leader elected vice president on the Whig ticket who spent most of his presidency in bitter feuds with his fellow Whigs

Henry Clay

Leader of Senate Whigs and unsuccessful presidential candidate against Polk in 1844

Aroostook War

Clash between Canadians and Americans over disputed timber country

Daniel Webster

Whig leader and secretary who negotiated an end to Maine Boundary dispute in 1842.


Independent nation that was the object of British, Mexican and French scheming in the early 1840s


Northwestern territory in dispute between Britain and United States, subject of "Manifest Destiny" rhetoric in 1844

James K. Polk

Dark horse presidential winner in 1844 who effectively carried out ambitious expansionist campaign plans

John C. Fremont

Dashing explorer/adventurer who led the overthrow of Mexican rule in California after war broke out

Abraham Lincoln

Congressional author of the "spot resolutions" criticizing the Mexican War

Rio Grande

Claimed by United States as southern boundary of Texas

Zachary Taylor

American military hero who invaded Northern Mexico from Texas in 1846-1847

Winfield Scott

"Old fuss and feathers" whose conquest of Mexico City brought U.S. Victory in the Mexican War

Santa Anna

Mexican military leader who failed to stop humiliating American invasion of his country

Nicholas Trist

Long-winded American diplomat who negotiated the Treaty of Guadeloupe Hidalgo

David Wilmot

Congressional author of resolution forbidding slavery in territory acquired from Mexico

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