Like this study set? Create a free account to save it.

Sign up for an account

Already have a Quizlet account? .

Create an account


Cause of disease

Genetic, congenital, or acquired

Genetic etiology

When an individuals genes are responsible for some structural or functional defect

Down's Syndrome (3 chromosomes instead of 2)
Huntington's Disease
Cystic Fibrosis (lungs and kidneys)

Congenital etiology

When genetic formation is intact but other factors in embryo's intrauterine environment interfere with normal development

Toxoplasmosis, fetal alcohol syndrome, thalidomide

Acquired etiology

When a diseae is caused by factors other than genetic or developmental ones

Bullous emphysema from smoking
Brain abscess from pimple popping


Unknown etiology


Ankylosing spondylitis

Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal Hyperostosis

Ossified ALL

Raynaud's syndrome

Spasm of blood vessels of fingers and toes

No blood flow turns skin white, then blue, then red when blood finally gets there

May be a manifestation of systemic sclerosis of immunohemolytic anemia

Sjogren's syndrome

Dryness of the mucous membranes due to damage to exocrine glands

May be a manifestation of rheumatoid arthritis or systemic lupus erythematosus


Don't run but lose weight


Rapid onset (1-2 days)

Duration of 7-10 days


Long onset of weeks

Lasts longer than 6 weeks


Confined to one region/organ

Cancer confined to stomach


Involves other organs or systems or entire organism

TB in lungs spreads , cancer in lymph nodes


Damage is limited to one or more distinct sites within the diseased organ

Scirrhous cancer of stomach pylorus


Damage is distributed throughout an entire organ

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions and try again


Reload the page to try again!


Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

Voice Recording