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15 terms

Pathology Midterm (Terminology)

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Etiology
Cause of disease

Genetic, congenital, or acquired
Genetic etiology
When an individuals genes are responsible for some structural or functional defect

Down's Syndrome (3 chromosomes instead of 2)
Huntington's Disease
Cystic Fibrosis (lungs and kidneys)
Congenital etiology
When genetic formation is intact but other factors in embryo's intrauterine environment interfere with normal development

Toxoplasmosis, fetal alcohol syndrome, thalidomide
Acquired etiology
When a diseae is caused by factors other than genetic or developmental ones

Bullous emphysema from smoking
Shingles
Brain abscess from pimple popping
Idiopathic
Unknown etiology

DISH

Ankylosing spondylitis
Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal Hyperostosis
Ossified ALL
Raynaud's syndrome
Spasm of blood vessels of fingers and toes

No blood flow turns skin white, then blue, then red when blood finally gets there

May be a manifestation of systemic sclerosis of immunohemolytic anemia
Sjogren's syndrome
Dryness of the mucous membranes due to damage to exocrine glands

May be a manifestation of rheumatoid arthritis or systemic lupus erythematosus
Osteoarthritis
Don't run but lose weight
Acute
Rapid onset (1-2 days)

Duration of 7-10 days
Chronic
Long onset of weeks

Lasts longer than 6 weeks
Local
Confined to one region/organ

Cancer confined to stomach
Systemic
Involves other organs or systems or entire organism

TB in lungs spreads , cancer in lymph nodes
Focal
Damage is limited to one or more distinct sites within the diseased organ

Scirrhous cancer of stomach pylorus
Diffuse
Damage is distributed throughout an entire organ