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67 terms

Animal Plant Cells

Terms for animal and plant cells
STUDY
PLAY
2 ways Animals get energy from plants
Eating plants or eating other organisms that have already eaten plants.
3 ingredients that the chloroplast uses to make Glucose.
Energy from the sun, carbon dioxide from air, and water.
4 types of Organelles
Mitochondria, cacuole, endoplasmic reticulum (ER), ribosome
7 Parts of an Animal Cell
Nucleus, Vacuole, Endoplasmic Reticulum, Ribosome, Cell Membrane, Cytoplasm, Mitochondria
9 Parts of a Plant Cell
Chloroplasts, Vacuole, Endoplasmic Reticulum, Ribosome, Cytoplasm, Cell Membrane, Cell Wall, Mitochondrion, Nucleus
Adjustment Knobs
Allow you to focus the image
All organisms have the same number of chromosomes? True or False?
FALSE
Animals
Give off Carbon Dioxide, Take in Oxygen
Can Animal cells trap energy from the sun to make sugars? True/False
FALSE
Cell Membrane
Holds the contents of a cell together. Gives support and shape to cell.
Cell Membrane
Thin Flexible covering that helps the cell by controlling which substances enter or leave the cell.
Cell Theory
States that the cell is the basic unit of all living organisms and only living cells can produce new living cells
Cell Wall (Plant)
Tough nonliving material that acts like an outside skeleton for a plant cell
Cell Wall (Plant)
Gives the Plant cell support, strength and shape.
Cells
Microscopic building blocks of all living things
Chlorophyll
Green substance in the chloroplasts that traps energy from sunlight.
Chloroplast
Organelle that makes sugars using carbon dioxide, water and energy from sunlight
Chromosome
Stringlike structure in a cell nucleus that carries information controlling all the cells activities
Cilia
Tiny hair like structures. Windpipe cells, vorticella and paramecium have these.
Compound Microscope
A microscope having more than one lens
Compound Microscope
Example of a Light Microscope
Cytoplasm
Clear jellylike material that fills the space between the cell membrane and the nucleus. Made mostly of water.
Difference between Plant and Animal Cell
Plant Cells have only one Vacuole, Plant cells are larger, Plant cells have Chloroplasts.
Electron Microscope
Uses Electrons to make things look up to one million times bigger
Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER)
Organelle that transports materials inside the cell.
Eyepiece
Allows you to see the object and also magnifies the image
Glucose
Simple sugar created during Photosynthesis
Green Color of Chlorophyll
Hides the red, orange, yellow and blue colors in the chloroplasts.
Green substance found inside of the chloroplast
Chlorophyll
Hans Janssen
Invented the first compound microscope
Mirror
Reflects light from another source through the image being observed
Mitochondria
Organelles where food and oxygen react to release energy. The powerhouse of cells.
Muscle Cells
Human cells that work together to help you move, push food though digestive system and keep heart beating.
Nerve Cells
Act like transmitters to send messages
Nerve Cells
Long narrow human cells that carry messages from one cell to the next cell.
Nucleus
Part of the cell that controls activities of other cell parts
Objective Lens
Magnifies the image on the slide
Organelle
Tiny structure in the cytoplasm of a cell that performs a special job.
PhotoSynthesis
Act of putting together with light.
PhotoSynthesis
Process in which oxygen is formed and released by the plant into the atmosphere.
Plants
Gives Off Oxygen, Takes in Carbon Dioxide.
Plants
Can Animals or Plants make their own food?
Plastids
Organelles that store plants colors. Chloropasts belong to this group.
Red Blood Cell
Human cells that carries oxygen to your cell and carry waste away from them.
Respiration (Plant)
Process in mitochondria where oxygen is used to release the energy stored in glucose.
Ribosome
Organelle that puts together proteins for the cell.
Skin
Type of Human cells that cover and protect the body from harmful organisms entering it.
Species
A group of organisms that have the same characteristics are are able to product offspring that can reproduce
Stage
Holds a slide containing the object to be viewed
Vacuole
saclike organelle used for storing materials
Vorticella
Single celled organism that are funnel shaped.
White Blood Cell
Human cell that protect you from disease.
All dogs are member of the same ______?
Species
An instrument using two lenses for magnifying objects?
Compound Microscope
According to the ______, all organisms are made of one or more cells
Cell Theory
The control center of a living cell is the _________?
Nucleus
A structure in the nucleus that carries information that controls cell activities is the __________?
Chromosome
A thin flexible protective cell covering is the ______
Cell Membrane
The jellylike material fillng the space between the cell membrane and the nucleus is ________
Cytoplasm
Ribosomes, mitochondria, and vacuoles are examples of _____________?
Organelle
Organelles in the cytoplasm where energy is released are _________?
mitochondria
A saclike organelle where a cell's food an water are stored is _______?
Vacuole
An organelle for transporting materials insde the cell is the _____?
Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER)
Part of a cell that puts together proteins for the cell is the _____?
Ribosome
Green substance in plant cells is ____?
Chlorophyll
An organelle that makes sugar is the _____?
Chloroplast
The tough outer support of a plant cell is the __________?
Cell Wall