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ch. 6 hunter safety
Terms in this set (67)
hunter safety is about an
attitude of safety
Hunter safety is the way
we handle firearms and archery
equipment at all times.
safety leads to _________ that
when a firearm or bow is discharged,
the game or target will
be safely hit without danger to
the shooter or others.
Hunting injuries are often a
result of carelessness, ignorance,
or a disregard for safety rules or
Ten Commandments of Firearm Safety
1. Treat every gun as if it was loaded
2. Always point the muzzle in a safe direction
3. Be sure of your target and beyond.
4. Never point a gun at anything
you don't want to shoot.
5. Unload guns when not in
6. Store guns and ammunition
7. Be sure the barrel and
action are clear of obstructions.
8. Never climb a fence or tree,
cross a log or a stream, or
jump a ditch with a loaded
9..Never shoot a bullet at a flat,
hard surface or water.
10. . Never use alcoholic beverages
or drugs when handling
A firearm transported in a
vehicle must be
be unloaded and
either cased or racked in plain
it is important to
store firearms and ammunition
separately to prevent unauthorized
access to both the gun and
Even though the gun is locked
away, _______________ is often
more safe and effective than hiding
the gun away.
members of the family
________, __________, and __________ are all good
ways to keep children
and other people from
using your firearms
without your knowledge
Trigger locks, cable
locks, and locking gun
If possible, always clean your
rifle from the ________ of the
All metal parts should be wiped
with an oily rag because
salty oils in your skin will
cause the gun to rust.
For most species
of game hunting, hunters should
wear _________, also called
Wearing hunter orange is more important when
Ohio has strict regulations
for wearing hunter orange during
any deer gun hunting seasons
Hunter orange is effective as a safety precaution because
it is a
color that is not found in nature,
and does not blend with any other
color found in the field. Hunter
orange also shows up well at
dawn and dusk.
colors to avoid in turkey season
black, blue, white, or only a
small patch of hunter orange
colors to avoid in deer season
Brown, tan, and white. Brown or tan
overalls should be avoided unless covered with hunter orange.
In fact, deer are
colorblind and cannotsee hunter orange or any other color
Appropriate gun carries
provide a safe way to carry your
1. Ready use when in the field
2. Rest on long carries in the field
3. Protection of your firearm when crossing difficult terrain
4. "Muzzle awareness" when hunting
with a friend.
Six common safe gun carries are:
1. Two handed, or field carry
2. cradle carry
3. shoulder carry
4. elbow carry
5. sling carry
6. trail carry
is the best for ready use and
muzzle awareness in the field.
two handed or field carry
is the least
ready carry. This carry should
never be used when walking
behind other hunters.
is a resting
carry that provides good muzzle
awareness when fellow hunters
are by your side.
is a resting
carry that provides comfort
on long walks. Never cross an
obstacle using a sling carry
is a ready
use or resting carry that provides
good muzzle awareness. This carry
should not be used when there are
people behind you.
is a resting
carry that provides good firearm
protection and muzzle awareness
in the field
three factors to consider when crossing fences
1. Respect for the landowner
2. safe gun handling
3. The age and condition of the fences
The safest way to pass a gun
through a fence is to
open the action,
unload it, and then pass it to
a companion on the other side.
Always point the muzzle in
a firearm through or under a
a safe direction
When crossing a fence by
1. Unload the firearm
leaving the action open.
2. Place your firearm on the ground and pass it under and through the fence, to the other side.
the fence at a strong fence post, a safe distance from where your firearm is lying. 4. Keep the
muzzle pointed in a safe direction, pick up your firearm.
after crossing a fence, quickly check the barrel __________ before loading
Always remember to "plan
your hunt and
hunt your plan."
provide a safe area for firing
when multiple hunters are crossing
_____________ and placing a companion
in your line of fire is something
that should never happen
Swinging a gun out of your zone of fire
Deer Drives are effective but
are potentially dangerous.
Deer Drives with more
than ______ hunters should
be avoided because of increased
6 or 7
in a deer drive, the first priority
is to have a
competent leader that is familiar
with the area where the drive will
or those who
stand ready to shoot the deer
when they move past them.
those who will
walk, to drive the deer in front
Deer Drivers are rarely
_______. They will be surrounded
by standers and will not have
a safe shooting zone.
It is more
important to have more ________ than _____ because standers are
the only hunters in the group who
may have a safe zone of fire.
Remember that the purpose
of the deer drive is to get the deer
move, not run.
try to cause the deer to move
slowly past the standers for an easy and safe shot
is not likely to
be successful, and should be
a running deer
Standers should Remember to nevershoot at a
that is coming toward you
Shooting at a deer in front of you
will mean that you are shooting
in the direction of the
Shooting at a deer passing you
an unsafe shot because of
the other standers in the background
As a stander, the only safe
shot will be
after the deer has
your role in a deer drive, you
should only shoot at a deer
your safe shooting zone.
If not used properly, these
elevated platforms present one of
the most dangerous situations a
hunter can face
One out of every three tree
stand hunters will
their hunting career.
It is your
responsibility to learn proper
tree stand safety rules and to
follow these rules each time
your feet leave the ground.
Your life may depend on it!
basic guidelines to remember to prevent becoming a fall victim from a tree stand
1. Tree stand selection
2. Climbing steps or aids
3. fall restraint system (safety harness)
4. haul line
home-made tree stands and
tree stands made from wood.
___________ are involved
in the highest number of falls and
usually cause permanent damage
to the tree
You should only use
a tree stand that has the approval
Tree Stand Manufacturer's
There are many different climbing
steps or aids currently available
to hunters. ___________ are probably the most
common, but can cause falls and
damage to the tree if not used
never use ________ that are
attached to the tree with nails
is a single safety belt considered a fall restrain system
single safety belts can and do cause
serious injury and even death in a fall. Best advice is not to use these type of belts
if you disregard the advice not to use a single safety belt,
at least put the belt around your chest under your armpits and then attach the
safety tether to the tree so that there is no slack when sitting down in your stand. Failure to do this can result in the belt twisting during a fall and tightening to the point where you cannot breathe.
All hunter and hunter
education organizations now recommend
a full body restraint system
(safety harness) that wraps
around your chest, waist, and
create a "total safety system"
that provides the hunter maximum
protection against falls
Full body harness, along with climbing and tree attachment devices
number one rule to follow is
that when your feet leave the
a restraint system is
Always use a
___________, or a rope attached
to the tree stand left hanging to
the ground, to attach and raise
your firearm or bow into the tree
tow line should be located on _______ of where you climb
up to your stand
the opposite side. This will keep you from falling on your gun or bow if you should happen to fall.
tree stand height of ______
feet from the ground will give
you all of the advantage you
12 to 15
This set is often in folders with...
Hunters Safety Quiz #6
Hunters Safety Quiz #7
Chapter 1: Shotgun
chapter 2: Rifles
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