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35 terms

US History Chapter 11 review

US History Chapter 11 review
STUDY
PLAY
nationalism
a strong feeling of pride in and devotion to one's country
militarism
policy of building up strong armed forces to prepare for war
trench warfare
Fighting from ditches protected by barbed wire
Archduke Franz Ferdinand
heir to the Austria-Hungarian throne, was assassinated in Sarajevo, started World War I.
no man's land
the area between opposing trenches
alliance system
defense agreement among nations
imperialism
a policy of extending your rule over foreign countries
Schlieffen Plan
A strategy drawn up by Germany to avoid fighting a war on two fronts
Lusitania
American boat that was sunk by the German U-boats; made America consider entering WWI
Zimmerman Note
message proposing an alliance between Germany and Mexico against the U.S.
Eddie Rickenbacker
famous American fighter pilot
Selective Service Act
law requiring men to register for military service
convoy system
having merchant ships travel in groups protected by warships
General John Pershing
General of the American Expeditionary Force in WWI
Alvin York
Most decorated soldier in WWI
armistice
an agreement to stop fighting
conscientious objector
A person who opposes warfare on moral grounds
War Industries Board
supervised the nation's industrial production during WWI
Bernard Baruch
Head of the War Industries Board
George Creel
Headed the Committee on Public Information, for promoting the war effort in WWI
propaganda
information that is spread for the purpose of promoting some cause
Espionage & Sedition Acts
laws that enacted harsh punishments against anyone who opposed participation in the war
Great Migration
movement of over 300,000 African American from the rural south into Northern cities between 1914 and 1920
Spanish Flu
Pandemic that spread around the world in 1918, killing more than 50 million people
Fourteen Points
Wilson's plan for world peace following World War I
League of Nations
an international organization formed in 1920 to promote cooperation and peace among nations
Georges Clemenceau
Premier of France during WWI
David Lloyd George
Prime Minister of Great Britain during WWI
Treaty of Versailles
the treaty imposed on Germany by the Allied powers in 1920 after the end of World War I
reparations
payment for damages after a war
war guilt clause
stated that Germany was solely responsible for World War I
Henry Cabot Lodge
conservative senator who wanted to keep the United States out of the League of Nations
American Expeditionary Force
the name given to the American military force that fought in WWI
Central Powers
Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire
Allies
Great Britain, France, Russia