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US History Chapter 11 review


a strong feeling of pride in and devotion to one's country


policy of building up strong armed forces to prepare for war

trench warfare

Fighting from ditches protected by barbed wire

Archduke Franz Ferdinand

heir to the Austria-Hungarian throne, was assassinated in Sarajevo, started World War I.

no man's land

the area between opposing trenches

alliance system

defense agreement among nations


a policy of extending your rule over foreign countries

Schlieffen Plan

A strategy drawn up by Germany to avoid fighting a war on two fronts


American boat that was sunk by the German U-boats; made America consider entering WWI

Zimmerman Note

message proposing an alliance between Germany and Mexico against the U.S.

Eddie Rickenbacker

famous American fighter pilot

Selective Service Act

law requiring men to register for military service

convoy system

having merchant ships travel in groups protected by warships

General John Pershing

General of the American Expeditionary Force in WWI

Alvin York

Most decorated soldier in WWI


an agreement to stop fighting

conscientious objector

A person who opposes warfare on moral grounds

War Industries Board

supervised the nation's industrial production during WWI

Bernard Baruch

Head of the War Industries Board

George Creel

Headed the Committee on Public Information, for promoting the war effort in WWI


information that is spread for the purpose of promoting some cause

Espionage & Sedition Acts

laws that enacted harsh punishments against anyone who opposed participation in the war

Great Migration

movement of over 300,000 African American from the rural south into Northern cities between 1914 and 1920

Spanish Flu

Pandemic that spread around the world in 1918, killing more than 50 million people

Fourteen Points

Wilson's plan for world peace following World War I

League of Nations

an international organization formed in 1920 to promote cooperation and peace among nations

Georges Clemenceau

Premier of France during WWI

David Lloyd George

Prime Minister of Great Britain during WWI

Treaty of Versailles

the treaty imposed on Germany by the Allied powers in 1920 after the end of World War I


payment for damages after a war

war guilt clause

stated that Germany was solely responsible for World War I

Henry Cabot Lodge

conservative senator who wanted to keep the United States out of the League of Nations

American Expeditionary Force

the name given to the American military force that fought in WWI

Central Powers

Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire


Great Britain, France, Russia

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