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20 terms

art history

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cave painting
early art showed man's relationship to spiritual ritual, nature and hunting
egyptian art
emphasized the unknowable mystery of the afterlife
greek art
emphasized the perfection of the human form, human activity
roman art
began to portray actual individuals. Includes, sculpture, frescoe, jewlery and crafts. Incredible architectural, engineering feats.
byzantine art
also known as the Eastern Roman Empire, in Constantinople, now Istanbul, the early church developed Eastern Orthodoxy and iconic Christian images proliferated
summerian art
early art from Mesopotamia (Ancient Iraq) from the mid 6th millennium BC to the early 2nd millennium BC
african art
Varied and complex, discoveries of these, often figurative works, prompted many of the inventions of modern art.
mayan culture
1500 B.C. to 900 A.D. This is the most advanced civilization of the time in the Western Hempishere. Famous for its awe-inspiring temples, pyramids and cities. A complex social and political order.
asian art
refers to a vast array of cultural works east of Mesopotamia
dark ages
period after the fall of Rome. Much of the knowledge gained by earlier civilizations was lost.
Italian Rennaissance
period in which 'classical' understanding of the figure was reborn. An understanding of linear perspective made works of this period highly realistic.
Northern Renaissance
a period of painting that flourished in northern europe after the Italian Renaissance. Paintings were often of individuals in interiors.
Romanticism
work that reflected a passionate approach to the landscape
cubism
in these paintings multiple planes of space are viewed at once
fauvism
paintings that emphasized wild use of saturated color
pointillism
images made out of dots or small elements
minimalism
art which was exceptionally simple, often pure color-field paintings, for example
abstract expressionism
art, made largely in New York after WWII, that emphasized the expression of the individual often with large, 'painterly' brush strokes
impressionism
paintings that sought to capture the feeling of natural light by putting colors next to eachother and letting the viewer's eye 'mix' them.
pop art
art of the 1960's that blurred the edges between advertising art and fine art