Measurement Vocabulary 1

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volume
the space occupied in a solid 3-D shape
Volume = Length x Width x Height
V = L x W x H
perimeter
distance around a shape
rectangle
a polygon with opposite sides equal and four right angles
square
shape with four equal sides, four right angles
triangle
three sided shape
area
surface of a shape
Area = Length x Width
A = L x W
base
bottom of a shape
cube
solid shape, 6 equal faces
cubic unit
a unit for measuring volume (a cube with each side 1 unit long)
face
one of the flat surfaces of a solid figure
height
the vertical distance from the base of a shape to the top
rectangular prism
a solid with six faces that are rectangles
square unit
a unit for measuring area
scale
a standard of measurement
congruent
the same
apex
tip, point or summit of a shape
sphere
shape of a ball
cylinder
shape of a can of soft drink
cone
pointed figure with circular based
pyramid
solid triangular figure with base and apex
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