Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
Psych 110 chap 8
Terms in this set (22)
Biological, emotional, cognitive, or social forces that activate and direct behavior.
Emotion is a psychological state involving
subjective experience, physiological response, and
behavioral or expressive response.
Three basic characteristics commonly associated with motivation
According to drive theories of motivation,
behavior is motivated by biological
drives to maintain homeostasis, or an
optimal internal balance. Drive theories of motivation are useful in explaining biological motives like hunger, thirst, and fatigue, but are less useful in explaining psychological motives.
Behavior is motivated by "pull" of external goals, such as rewards, money, or recognition.
Incentive theories based learning principles from Pavlov, Watson, Skinner, and Tolman.
Tolman stressed importance of cognitive factors and expectation of goal in motivation.
People experience both very high levels of arousal and very low levels of arousal as being quite unpleasant.
When arousal is too low, we experience boredom and become motivated to increase arousal.
When arousal is too high, we seek to reduce arousal in a less-stimulating environment.
People are motivated to maintain an optimal level of arousal.
Rogers and Maslow
Emphasized importance of psychological and cognitive factors in motivation
Proposed that people are motivated to realize their personal potential
Developed most famous humanistic model of motivation (Maslow's hierarchy of needs)
Complex psychological state that involves subjective experience, a physiological response, and a behavioral or expressive response
Milder emotional state that is more general and pervasive, such as gloominess or contentment
Neuroscience of Emotion
Emotions are associated with distinct patterns of responses by the sympathetic nervous system and in the brain.
Sympathetic nervous system is aroused by emotions (fight-or-flight response)
Different emotions stimulate different responses
Fear: Decrease in skin temperature (cold feet)
Anger: Increase in skin temperature (hot under the collar)
Differing patterns of sympathetic nervous system activation are universal, reflecting hard-wired biological responses to basic emotions
The Emotional Brain: Fear and the Amygdala
Amygdala: Part of limbic system
Activates when something threatening, fearful faces, or hear sounds related to fear is seen
Evaluates significance of stimuli and generates emotional responses and generates hormonal secretions and autonomic reactions that accompany strong emotions
Rats with a damaged amygdala cannot be classically conditioned to acquire a fear response.
Humans with a damaged amygdala have "psychic blindness" — an inability to recognize fear in facial expressions and voice.
Each emotion activates a different circuit of the brain
Theories of Emotion
James-Lange theory of emotion
Stimulus is perceived.
Physiological and behavioral changes occur.
These changes experienced as a particular emotion.
"Afraid becaues we tremble"
1. stiumulus occurs
2. Physiological arousal and behavioral changes
3. Subjective experience of emotion
1. i see a man by my parked car
2. I am trembling and run
3. I am afraid.
We are afraid because we tremble and run.
2 factor theory of emotion
Emotion is the result of the interactions of physiological arousal and cognitive label we use to explain our stirred0 up state.
Who of the following proposed that a person cut off from feeling physiological changes would NOT experience true emotions?
walter Cannon challenged james lang theory pointed that body reactions are similar for many emotions and emotional reaction to stiulus is often faster than our physiological reaction.
You have a friend who has been obese her entire life. She does not understand "where this comes from," because no one else in her family struggles with weight issues. You explain to her that about ______ percent of the time, obese children have obese parents
Determined facial expressions for the basic emotions are hardwired in the brain, biologically proven and due to evolutionary process.
ex: deaf peopel have same expressions as non
he pointed out that humans and animals are similar due to their facial expressions.
The desire to direct one's behavior toward demonstrations of ability and exercise of control in a situation is known as
Several studies have demonstrated some merit in the James-Lange theory of emotion, namely, Damasio's studies using PET scans. The scans showed that the ______ cortex of the brain was activated during emotional experiences.
______ theory involves the view that behavior is motivated by the desire to reduce internal tension caused by unmet biological needs
Competence- strive to use your cognitive, social, and behavior skills to be capable and excercise control in a situation.
pushes you to prove to yourself that you can do better
achievement- drive to excel and succeed others at a task
intristic motivation- Engage intasks that the person finds inherently satisfying
extrinsic- external inflence on behavior such as rewards, social evaluations, rules and responsibilites.
If the James-Lange theory of emotion is correct, it would make sense that people with spinal cord injury should experience ______ in emotional intensity, since they would be unaware of physical changes. However, this is not the case, putting this theory into question.
Sets with similar terms
Psychology Chapter 8
REVEL Psychology Chapter 8
REVEL Psychology Chapter 8
Sets found in the same folder
Psychology: thinking, language, and intelligence
Chapter 1 Motivation and Emotion
CHAPTER 4: Consciousness and Its Variations
Motivation and Emotion Chapter 7
Other sets by this creator
Occlusion in Periodontics
Phase 1 therapy 4
Risk assessment, Periodontal Prognosis and Treatme…
Heidi is an avid reader. Explain how Heidi's desire to read may be supported by the following elements of reciprocal determinism. • Internal factors • Environmental factors • Behavioral factors
Rebekah has grown increasingly nervous about going to school and social gatherings. When she is assigned a presentation in English class, she is so terrified that her teacher and classmates will judge her harshly that she can't bring herself to go to school at all. A therapist would be most likely to diagnose her with a. ADHD. b. panic disorder. c. obsessive-compulsive disorder. d. social anxiety disorder. e. posttraumatic stress disorder.
Match the term below with its correct definition. synapse A. system that regulates the body's vital functions B. the outer layer of the brain C. basic building blocks of heredity D. chemicals that transmit messages in the nervous systems E. system that transmits messages between the central nervous system and all other parts of the body F. system of glands that secrete hormones into the bloodstream G. the junction between an axon terminal and a dendrite H. a scan that observes the brain at work I. resembling an intricate or complex net J. the forebrain with two hemispheres
Match the term below with its correct definition. cerebral cortex A. system that regulates the body's vital functions B. the outer layer of the brain C. basic building blocks of heredity D. chemicals that transmit messages in the nervous systems E. system that transmits messages between the central nervous system and all other parts of the body F. system of glands that secrete hormones into the bloodstream G. the junction between an axon terminal and a dendrite H. a scan that observes the brain at work I. resembling an intricate or complex net J. the forebrain with two hemispheres
Recommended textbook solutions
Spencer A. Rathus
Myers' Psychology for AP
David G Myers
Consumer Behavior: Buying, Having, Being
Michael R Solomon
Elliot Aronson, Robin M. Akert, Samuel R. Sommers, Timothy D. Wilson
Other Quizlet sets
Psychology with Bright- final exam review (UT Aust…
Motivation, Emotion, and Stress
One half of a group is given a chocolate bar, and the other half a coffee mug. Both are the same price. They are then offered the opportunity to exchange their items. What are the results?
what are the evaluation points for CI?
A mental shortcut we use to classify something according to how similar it is to a typical case is referred to as...
What is the recognition-by-components (RBC) theory?