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How many pilgrims went on the pilgrimage to Canterbury?


Where did they stay?

the Tabard Inn in the city of Southwark


-devoted his life to chivalry, truth, and justice.
-helped conquer the city of Alexandria in Egypt in 1365
-He'd been in fifteen battles—three of them against the heathens of Algeria—and he'd never lost once.
-he was practical, self-disciplined, and humble.
- He rode fine quality horses, but he didn't wear flashy clothes. He wore a simple cotton shirt that had stains all over it from the chain mail he'd worn in the war


-He'd served in the army in some wars in Holland and France and had won honors there too, which he hoped would impress the girl he loved.
- He wore a very colorful long shirt that had wide sleeves, and it looked like a field full of red and white flowers.
-he sang and played the flute all day; he'd write poetry and songs, draw, dance, and joust.
-He was also humble and cut his father's meat


-wore a green hooded jacket and carried a bow and a bundle of arrows made with bright peacock feathers.
-he was a pretty meticulous guy who always paid attention to the little details.
-He was also a woodworker.
-He also wore a silver Saint Christopher's medal around his neck and a hunting horn with a green strap over his shoulder.


-Madame Englantine
-She spoke French fluently—though still with an English accent.
-She prided herself on her proper manners and etiquette.
-She was one of those people who felt so strongly for others that she would burst into tears if she saw a mouse caught in a trap.
-She had a few small dogs with her and would feed them only the finest food
-She wore a pretty cloak and a well-pressed cloth around her neck.
-Around her arm she wore a rosary made of coral and green beads with the inscription "love conquers all"


-Extremely handsome, he loves hunting and keeps many horses.
-He is an outrider at his monastery and his horse's bridle can be heard jingling in the wind as clear and loud as a church bell.
-The Monk is aware that the rule of his monastic order discourages monks from engaging in activities like hunting, but he dismisses such strictures as worthless


-This friar is jovial, pleasure-loving, well-spoken, and socially agreeable.
-He hears confessions, and assigns very easy penance to people who donate money.
-He justifies his leniency by arguing that donating money to friars is a sign of true repentance.
-He also makes himself popular with innkeepers and barmaids, who can give him food and drink.
-He pays no attention to beggars and lepers because they can't help him or his fraternal order.


-He wears nice boots and an imported fur hat, and speaks constantly of his profits.
-The merchant is good at borrowing money, but clever enough to keep anyone from knowing that he is in debt.


a thin and threadbare student of philosophy at Oxford, who devours books instead of food.

The Man of Law

-an influential lawyer
-He is a wise character, capable of preparing flawless legal documents.
-He is a very busy man, but he takes care to appear even busier than he actually is.


-a wealthy gentleman farmer, possessed of lands but not of noble birth.
-His chief attribute is his preoccupation with food, which is so plenteous in his house that his house seemed to snow meat and drink


-They are dressed in the livery, or uniform, of their guild.
-each was fit to be a city official.


- a skillful man, who Chaucer would praise fully were it not for the ulcer on his shin.


-wears a dagger on a cord around his neck. -When he is on his ship, he steals wine from the merchant


-bases his practice of medicine and surgery on a thorough knowledge of astronomy and the four humors.
-He is well acquainted with ancient and modern medical authorities, but reads little Scripture.
-his favorite medicine is "gold"

Wife of Bath

-she is slightly deaf seamstress
-She is always first to the offering at Mass, and if someone goes ahead of her she gets upset.
-She wears head coverings to Mass
-She has had five husbands and has taken three pilgrimages to Jerusalem.
-Her teeth have gaps between them, and she sits comfortably astride her horse.


-Pure of conscience and true to the teachings of Christ, the Parson enjoys preaching and instructing his parishioners, but he hates excommunicating those who cannot pay their tithes.
- He walks with his staff to visit all his parishioners, no matter how far away.
-The Parson is dedicated to his parish and does not seek a better appointment.
-He is even kind to sinners, preferring to teach them by example rather than scorn.


-loves crude, bawdy jokes and drinking.
-He is immensely stout and strong, able to lift doors off their hinges or knock them down by running at them with his head.
-He has a wart on his nose, black nostrils, and a mouth like a furnace.
-He wears a sword and buckler, and loves to joke around and tell dirty stories.


-stocks an Inn of Court with provisions.
-this manciple is smarter than most of the lawyers he serves.


-has hair so short that he reminds the narrator of a priest.
-He manages his lord's estate so well that he is able to hoard his own money and property in a miserly fashion.
-The Reeve is also a good carpenter, and he always rides behind everybody else.


-arraigns those accused of violating Church law.
-When drunk, he ostentatiously spouts the few Latin phrases he knows.
-His face is bright red from an unspecified disease.
-He uses his power corruptly for his own gain.
-He uses his position to dominate the young women in his jurisdiction.
-In exchange for a quart of wine, he would let another man sleep with his girlfriend for a year and then pardon the man completely.


-sings with his companion, and has long, flowing, yellow hair.
-thinks he rides very fashionably, with nothing covering his head.
-The narrator compares the Pardoner's high voice to that of a goat, and mentions that he thinks the Pardoner might have been a homosexual.
-The narrator mocks the Pardoner for his disrespectful manipulation of the poor for his own material gain.
- he counterfeits pardons and pocketing the money.
-The Pardoner is a good preacher, storyteller, and singer


-He welcomes and compliments the company, telling them they are the merriest group of pilgrims to pass through his inn all year.
-He adds that he would like to contribute to their happiness, free of charge.
-His plan was that each of the pilgrims will tell two tales on the way to Canterbury and two more on the way back. Whomever the Host decides has told the most meaningful and comforting stories will receive a meal paid for by the rest of the pilgrims upon their return.
-The Host also declares that he will ride with the pilgrims and serve as their guide at his own cost. If anyone disputes his judgment, he says, that person must pay for the expenses of the pilgrimage.

Chaucer was born

between 1340-45


John (wine merchant

In 1357 he became a page in the royal household of the

Countess of Ulster

He was promoted to

yeoman of Prince Lionel and fought in the siege of Reims

He married

Philippa, daughter of Sir Payne Roet

The Book of Duchess was influenced by

the death of Blanche, the Duchess of Lancaster

In Italy, he discovered the work of

Dante, Petrarch, and Boccaccio

In1374 he was promoted to the controller of

hides, skins, and wools in the port of London

His only major form of poetry was

The House of Fame (reveals his skepticism of fame and possibly of his own reputation as a public poem)

In 1380 the Parliament of Fowls

used the dream-vision to retell a mythical story about love and finding a mate.

Troilus and Criseyde is about

love in the Trojan War


Became peace commissioner in Kent; served one session as a member of Parliament for Kent

The poem written for queen anne was

Legend of a Good Woman

When his wife died in

1387, he began writing the canterbury tales

He also served as a deputy forester for the

North Petherton forest in Somerset

He died on

October 25th, 1400

He was buried in

Westminster Abbey


a brief, bawdy, and comic French form used by Chaucer.

Breton lay

French genre, involving love related adventures in a supernatural context

The medieval period begins in England with

the comings of the Angles, Saxons, and Jutes at about 449 AD

Most of the Literature from this time came from

oral tradition with only minor manuscripts

Old English and Middle English Timeline


______________ dialect eventually produced the London standard of English that was the basis of today's English

East Midland

-New Historicism
-Gender Studies

-This perspective seeks to imagine how Chaucer's poetry can be understood within it's fourteenth-century historical content
-has sought to shake off conventional and unexamined notions about authors and their literary creations.

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