Vertebrate Zoology Lab Practical

Northeastern Ohio's fish and amphibians.
Silver Lamprey
Ichthyomyzon unicuspis
Dorsal fin not divided.
Least Brook Lamprey
Lampetra aegyptera
Divided dorsal fin.
Sea Lamprey
Petromyzon marinus
Shovelnose Sturgeon
Scaphirhynchus platorynchus
Lake Sturgeon
Acipenser fulvescens
Polyodon spathula
Umbra limi
Black bar on base of rounded Caudal fin.
Grass Pickerel
Esox americanus
Dorsal fin is far back; black teardrop; long, narrow body
Central Stoneroller
Campostoma anomalum
Subterminal mouth; smooth lips; small dorsal fin in center.
Carassius auratus
Small, round body; dorsal fin has one serrated spine.
Common Carp
Cyprinus carpio
2 barbels; large scales
Redside Dace
Clinostomus elongatus
Supraterminal mouth; half stripe.
Redbelly Dace
Phoxinus erythrogaster
Terminal mouth; 2 stripes with one on top.
Western Blacknose Dace
Rhinichthyes atratulus
Subterminal mouth; 1 stripe; small barbels. Black dots?
Longnose Gar
Lepisosteus osseus
Gizzard Shad
Dorosoma cepedianum
Subterminal mouth; 17 anal fin rays; forked caudal fin; silver belly scales.
Rainbow Trout
Onchorynchus mykiss
Dark spots.
Brook Trout
Salvelinus fontinalis
Light spots.
Bluntnose Minnow
Pimephales notatus
Crowded and irregular scales on nape.
Silverjaw Minnow
Notropis buccatus
Little jewels on lower jaw; scales outlined in black.
Spottail Shiner
Notropis hudsonius
Dip in lateral line; subterminal mouth; spot on tail.
Rosyface Shiner
Notropis rubellus
Shiny cheek; dorsal fin origin behind pelvic fin origin.
Common Shiner
Luxilus cornutus
Upper sides with horizontal lines that do not converge; medium size; dark stripe on top.
Golden Shiner
Notemigonus crysoleucas
Scaleless keel behind pelvic fins; strongly curved lateral line.
River Chub
Nocomis micropogon
Distance from back of eye to operculum is more than eye to snout; very small barbels in mouth corners; long, gray head.
Creek Chub
Semotilus atromaculatus
Spot on dorsal fin; groove above mouth where barbel comes from; upper lip tapers to sides.
White Sucker
Catostomus commersoni
Bumpy mouth; large lips on subterminal mouth.
Northern Hogsucker
Hypentelium nigricans
Dark saddles on back; concave space between eyes.
Spotted Sucker
Minytrema melanops
No warts on lips; rows of dark spots on body. Cut on chest.
Golden Redhorse
Moxostoma erythrurum
Large scales; squarish forehead; tan back; white cheek.
Yellow Bullhead
Ameiurus natalis
White chin barbels; rounded tail.
Brown Bullhead
Ameiurus nebulosus
Dark chin barbels; serrated pectoral fin; slight fork in tail; sometimes looks mottled.
Black Bullhead
Ameiurus melas
Slight fork in tail; no serration in pectoral spine.
Stonecat Madtom
Noturus flavus
Fused adipose fin; square tail.
Channel Catfish
Ictalurus punctatus
Deeply forked tail; large eyes; serrated pectoral spine.
Brook Stickleback
Culaea inconstans
Dorsal fin starts as spines, then gets smoother; tiny.
Black Stripe Topminnow
Fundulus notatus
Big, defined horizontal stripe; dorsal fin is far back; rounded tail; spots on tail.
Gambusia affinis
Supraterminal mouth; dark spot before long anal fin; tiny and dark.
Striped Bass
Morone saxatilis
Horizontal stripes; separate spiny and smooth dorsal fins; forked tail; patches of teeth on tongue.
Rock Bass
Ambloplites rupestris
Spiny and smooth dorsal fins are connected; dark eye.
Green Sunfish
Lepomis cyanellus
Largth mouth; round pectoral fin; vermiculation on operculum; spot on dorsal fin.
Lepomis gullosus
War paint on face; large operculum.
Pumpkinseed Sunfish
Lepomis gibbosus
Tiny mouth; skinny, pointed pectoral fin; small red ear flap; speckled body.
Lepomis macrochirus
Small mouth; pointed pectoral fin; black dorsal fin dot.
Redear Sunfish
Lepomis microlophus
Red margin on ear flap; pointed pectoral fin; no speckles on dorsal or caudal fins.
Longear Sunfish
Lepomis megalotis
Long ear flap; small mouth; rounded pectoral fin; no dorsal spot.
Black Crappie
Pomoxis nigromaculatus
Speckled body; dorsal fin base length is half of back; 7-8 dorsal fin spines; weird fin bases.
White Crappie
Pomoxis annularis
Dark vertical bands; shorter dorsal fin base; 5-6 dorsal fin spines; weird fin bases.
Smallmouth Bass
Micropterus dolomieu
Mouth stops before end of eye; fairly even dorsal fin spines.
Largemouth Bass
Micropterus salmoides
Mouth goes past eye; variation in dorsal fin spine length.
Greenside Darter
Etheostoma blennioides
Rounded snout; "W" shaped bands on body.
Johnny Darter
Etheostoma nigrum
Dark line from snout to eye; small "X" shapes on body/tail area.
Rainbow Darter
Etheostoma caeruleum
Long, vertical bars on body that are fairly even in length.
Fantail Darter
Etheostoma flabellare
Very small, separate, knobby, spiny dorsal fin; dark bars on rounded caudal fin.
Percina caprodes
Alternating short/long vertical bands on body; subterminal mouth; large scale on belly.
Blackside Darter
Percina maculata
6-9 oblong markings going down length of body; terminal mouth.
Yellow Perch
Perca flavescens
Vertical bands spaced apart on body; 6-8 anal rays.
Sander vitreum
Terminal mouth; reflective eye.
Percopsis omiscomaycus
Adipose fin; high dorsal fin which slants down.
Central Mottled Sculpin
Cottus bairdi
Goby-like, but with separate pelvic fins.
Round Goby
Neogobius melanostomus
Fused pelvic fin.
Brook Silversides
Labidesthes sicculus
Beak-like snout; supraterminal mouth; very slender body; horizontal stripe.
American Toad
Anaxyrus americanus
Large, warty hind legs; spotted chest; 1-2 warts per black ring. glands are separate from orbital crest.
Call is high pitched, shrill, almost continuous beeping.
Fowler's Toad
Anaxyrus fowleri
3+ warts per black ring; no chest spots; no huge warts on legs.
Bursts of very loud, high pitched screech-like noise.
Gray Treefrog
Hyla versicolor
Toe pads; light colored spot beneath eyes; mottled appearance; gray, brown, or green in color.
Bursts of fairly high pitched trilling beeps (sounds like a woodpecker).
Western Chorus Frog
Pseudacris triseriata
3 stripes on back; stripe on each side from nose down body.
High pitched bursts like running finger over comb; rocking chair creaking.
Spring Peeper
Pseudacris crucifer
cross pattern on back; very small.
Single high pitched peeps in chorus; almost like a bird.
Northern Leopard Frog
Lithobates pipiens
No toes pads; large body; random spot pattern.
Door creaking open followed by deep laughing.
Pickerel Frog
Lithobates palustris
Spots are ordered, squarish with 2 rows down back; bright orange on inside of hind legs.
Slow snoring.
Lithobates catesbeianus
Very large.
Green Frog
Lithobates clamitans
2 ridges down back.
Wood Frog
Lithobates sylvatica
Dark mask on face.
Dueling calls; mid pitch; kind of sounds like gagging.
Necturus maculosus
Red gills; broad, flattened head; squarish snout; tiny eyes.
Cryptobranchus alleganiensis
Very large; folds on skin; single gill slit on each side.
Spotted Salamander
Ambystoma maculatum
Yellow spots mainly down sides; wrinkly look.
Eastern Tiger Salamander
Ambystoma tigrinum
More random, blotchy spots on back and sides; more rounded snout.
Jefferson Salamander
Ambystoma jeffersonianum
Dark color; very long toes.
Small-mouthed Salamander
Ambystoma texanum
Almost black in color; lighter flecks on sides; short toes.
Eastern Red-spotted Newt
Notophthalmus viridescens
Nuptial pads; keeled tail; spermatophore opening.
Northern Red Salamander
Pseudotriton ruber
Bright yellow iris; red body with black spots.
Northern Slimy Salamander
Plethodon glutinosus
Dark body with light speckles; white feet.
Eastern Red-backed Salamander
Plethodon cinereus
Very small; red stripe on back (looks white in specimen).
Mountain Dusky Salamander
Desmognathus ochrophaeus
Line from corner of eye to mouth; tannish/dotty stripe down center of back; dark sides.
Northern Dusky Salamander
Desmognathus fuscus
Keeled tail; larger hind legs than fore legs; line from eye to mouth; may have ribs on sides.
Northern Two-lined Salamander
Eurycea bislineata
2 lines on back; long tail; light color between stripes with speckles.
Long-tailed Salamander
Eurycea longicauda
Tail is more than half of body length; broken lines down back.