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Ch 8: Respiratory System
Terms in this set (27)
An organ located at the entrance of the trachea that controls the vocal cords, sometimes called the voice box.
Tubular structure that connects the larynx to the primary bronchi of the lungs, sometimes called the windpipe.
Tubular passageways from the trachea to the lungs.
Small soft tissue tubules with smooth muscle wrappings that connect small bronchi to alveolar structures in the lungs.
Double membrane consisting of two layers that encase the lungs.
Space between the two layers of the pleura containing a small amount of fluid that lubricates the surfaces, preventing friction as the lungs expand and contract.
Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
Diagnostic procedure that measures and records changes in gas volume in the lungs, determining ventilation capacity and flow rate.
Arterial blood gas (ABGS)
Blood test that is performed to determine the concentration of oxygen, carbon dioxide, and bicarbonate, as well as the pH of the blood.
Acute, highly contagious respiratory infection.
Infection in one or both lungs affecting primarily the alveoli.
Potentially fatal contagious disease that can affect almost any part of the body but is most commonly an infection of the lungs.
Soft, cheese-like; characteristic of lung tissue in tuberculosis
Lesions formed when tissue infected with tuberculosis heals with fibrosis and calcification, walling off the bacteria for months or many years.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
Disease characterized by airflow limitation that is preventable and treatable but not fully reversible.
Decreased concentration of oxygen in the blood from low oxygen availability or blockages that prevent oxygen from diffusing into the bloodstream.
Condition in which the bronchial tubes in the lungs react to different stimuli by becoming inflamed.
Autosomal recessive disease that affects all the exocrine glands of the body, the glands of external secretion usually affecting children.
Weakened and dilated bronchial tubing.
Inflammation of the pleural membranes that line the chest wall and encase each lung.
Collection of air or gas in the chest or pleural space that causes part or all of a lung to collapse.
Collapse of lung tissue affecting part or all of one lung. The alveoli in that part of the lung no longer fill with air and as a result they can't take part in gas exchange.
Blockage in one or more arteries of the lungs
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