Chapter 8 Human Development
Terms in this set (33)
____ refers to the pattern of continuity and change in human capabilities that occurs throughout the course of life.
Development in terms of biological processes involves which of the following changes?
Changes in motor skills
Changes in individual's relationships with others
changes in motor skills, hormonal changes, and maturation.
Arrange Erikson's first four childhood stages of socioemotional development in the correct order.
trust vs. mistrust
autonomy vs. shame and doubt
initiative vs. guilt
industry vs. inferiority
What person, more than any other, is associated with the study of cognitive development in children?
According to Piaget, in the sensorimotor stage, the infant constructs an understanding of the world by coordinating _____ experiences with ____ actions.
_____ psychology studies the patterns of physical, cognitive, and social growth that occur throughout the lifespan.
Which of the following examples describes "egocentric thought" in Piagets preoperational stage?
Kaylee is reading a picture book and assumes that her mother who is across the room can see the pictures, Three year old Hank believes his father knows what he is thinking.
Define authoritarian parents
Parents who are rigid and punitive and value unquestioning and obedience from their children.
Some developmental psychology researchers use the term infant _____ to describe the initial important connection to a caregiver that provides a foundation for later development.
True or false: Kohlberg's theory of moral development has been criticized on the grounds that his research involved women.
According to Carol Gilligan, what are the fundamental differences in the way men and women view morality?
Justice is more salient for men than women.
Compassion is more salient for women than men.
_____ is the decrease in response to a stimulus after repeated exposure to the same stimulus.
A persons _____ gives her the potential to be tall, but this potential interacts with the environment and may result in a number of phenotypic representations.
Which of the following are examples of schemas?
A framework used for organizing information, A concept that exists at a given moment in a person's mind
An expectation of how a male or female should think, act and feel is referred to as a ___________ ______.
Dr. Karloff strongly believes on the basis of her research that women were forced to adapt to roles with less power and less status in society, and they showed more cooperative and less dominant profiles than men. Which of the following perspectives best represents Dr. Karloff's viewpoint?
The social role perspective.
which of the following characteristics apply to the development period of emerging adulthood?
It is characterized by experimentation and exploration. and it is the transition perid between adolescence and adulthood.
Adolescent _____ is a state of self absorption in which a teenager views the world only from his or her own point of view.
At what age is the initiative vs. guilt stage predominant?
Kaylee is 2 years old and is most likely in the autonomy versus shame and doubt phase of Ericksons socioeconomic development stages. Which of the following statements are true regarding Kaylee in this stage of development?
Kaylee will now begin to acquire knowledge and intellectual skills.
Kaylee is discovering that she has a will of her own.
Kaylee will begin to assert her independence
Discovering she has a will of her own and is begining to assert her independence.
Which of Erikson's stages occurs in childhood and involves more challenges and developing more purposeful behavior?
initiation vs. guilt
_____ is the period of pysical development during which sexual organs mature.
Which of the following is true with regard to racial and ethnic identity development in adolescence?
Being a member of an ethnic minority has little to no effect on adolescents as they mature.
Having a stong ethnic identity can buffer adolescents from the effects of discrimination.
For both majority and minority adolescents developing an identity is an important life theme.
Having a strong ethnic identity can buffer adolescents from the effect of discrimination.
For both minority and majority adolescents, developing an identity is an important life theme.
_____ is a basic, innate disposition that emerges very early in life and affects behavior throughout childhood.
According to Piaget, the ______ ______ level of reasoning is reached when someone has the ability to use hypothetical-deductive reasoning.
Alan has explored alternative paths but has not yet made a commitment. According to Marica's concept Alan is in an
Leonard Hayflick developed the __________-___________ theory of aging, which says that our cells become less capable of dividing as we age.
Many adolescents and adults do not reason as logically as Piaget proposed in which of his stages of development?
Which of the following are examples of cognitive development?
Bing able to speak and understand words
Imagining a future occupation
Hormonal changes during puberty
Being able to speak and understand words
Imagining a future occupation.
According to Piaget, a _______ is a concept or framework that exists in a person's mind and that organizes information and provides a framework for interpreting the info
Which of the following is typical of the concrete operational stage, according to Piaget?
It involves logical reasoning
Abstract thinking is not yet developed.
Which of the following statements are true regarding Piaget's theory of schemas?
A schema organizes info.
A schema assists us in making sense of experience.
Schemas are expressed as various behaviours and skills.
A psychologist has designed a research study where the life attitudes of a group of participants are assessed at various points throughout their lives. This is most likely a _______ research study.
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