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42 terms

Yoga Exam 1

For that BS test
STUDY
PLAY
Yoga
union; union of individual self and universal self
Samadhi
perfect, accurate perception; pure being; ecstasy
Parampara
system of handing down knowledge from guru to shishya
Guru
master
Shishya
student
Kirtans
gatherings to sing songs of praise
Siddhi
sensory powers or abnormal abilities; accomplishments
Prana
breath energy; life force
Jiva-atman
individual self-psyche
Parama-atman
supreme self-soul
Samskaras
habits
Moksha
freedom
Bhakti Yoga
Devotional towards a divine object or person
Mantra Yoga
Yoga of potent sound
Karma Yoga
Perceive reality accurately and to do the right thing without desire for results
Jnana Yoga
Discrimination between the real and unreal
Raja Yoga
Yoga of spiritual kings; Become the ruler over one's mind
Tantra Yoga
Yoga of energy control
Hatha Yoga
Yoga of balanced energy
Shamanism
(Period) Yoga practices existed among ancient shamans of Indus Valley
Vedic Yoga
(Period) Period of 4 Vedas; marked my meditation, mantras, surrender of ego; precise execution of rituals
Post Vedic (Upanishads)
(Period) Inner worship; atman = Brahman
Classical Yoga (Yoga Sutra)
(Period) Yoga sutra provides teachings; previous knowledge collected by Patanjali; creates separation between living self and spiritual essence
Tantra & Hatha Yoga
(Period) Integrate spiritual aspirations into worldly lives; intense purification and energy control through 7 chakras; shift towards asana practice and body strengthening/conditioning
Yamas
(8 limbs of ashtanga) Moral disciplines related to societal relationships
Niyamas
(8 limbs of ashtanga) Self restraints related to personal being
Asana
(8 limbs of ashtanga) Firm, motionless seating position
Pranayama
(8 limbs of ashtanga) Breathing exercises
Pratyahara
(8 limbs of ashtanga) Practice of withdrawing from senses
Dhyana
(8 limbs of ashtanga) Meditation / effortless continuation of concentration
Dharana
(8 limbs of ashtanga) Practice of fixing one's mind on something with concentration and focus
Samadhi
(8 limbs of ashtanga) Ecstasy, enlightenment
Ahimsa
(5 yamas) Nonharming/ nonviolence
Satya
(5 yamas) Honesty
Asteya
(5 yamas) Nonstealing
Brahmacharya
(5 yamas) God-like conduct
Aparigraha
(5 yamas) Nonreceiving
Saucha
(5 niyamas) Purification that leads to inner and outer cleanliness
Samtosa
(5 niyamas) Contentment
Tapas
(5 niyamas) Austerity
Svadhyaya
(5 niyamas) Self-study
Ishvara-Pranidhana
(5 niyamas) Devotion to the lord