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75 terms

MAK WSC 2012 Music Guide Terms

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Masques
Renaissance performances that combined music, dancing, and acting with expensive costumes and elaborate sets.
Operettas
theater productions that combined music, dance, and storytelling in a light-hearted way.
Music halls
entertainment centers that offered an evening full of songs, skits, and comedy.
Concept album
an album that tells a story or explores a theme. All of the songs focus on the same idea, and could be performed as a musical
Descamisados
"shirtless ones," Argentineans who lived in poverty, lacked education for their children, access to health care, and jobs with safe working conditions.
United Officers Group
Secret Argentinian military organization which staged a coup and overthrew the original Argentinean government in 1943
Coup
a sudden violent overthrown of a government
Vatican
home of the Roman Catholic Church
The Perónists
Argentineans who support Eva Perón's legacy of social justice.
ancien regime
the traditional power of the absolute monarchy and elites in France before the revolution
Realist
a style of writing that focuses on the lives of ordinary people.
Megamusical
a stage spectacle defined by expensive special effects, a large cast, and catchy tunes.
through-composing
musicals (and operas) with little to no dialogue. The music plays nonstop, and songs are connected by repeated themes.
March
designed to get an army moving, has two strong beats per measure.
Domino Theory
Idea that a country's fall to communism would lead other countries in the region to fall
First Indochina War
War between Vietnamese and French occupiers.
1954 Geneva Accords
Peace agreement ending the First Indochina War.
17th Parallel North
Latitude where Vietnam was divided into communist North and capitalist South
Paris Peace Accords
1973 peace agreement brokering a truce in Vietnam
Proxy wars
battles fought indirectly by supporting opposite sides in foreign conflicts
Bui doi
"The dust of life": children born to Vietnamese mothers and American fathers
Amerasian Homecoming Act of 1987
Act that granted American visas to any Vietnamese with "Amerasian facial features."
Recitative
Lyrics sung with the rhythm of ordinary speech, without melody or repetition. Used to convey dialogue or plot.
Aria
Lyrics sung to a melody. Used to convey an intense emotion or to express a character's personality or outlook.
scapegoat
passing the blame to someone else
Satire
using mockery to make a point, often employs exaggeration, parody, irony, and sarcasm to encourage reform in politics
V-chip
device that allows parents to restrict what children watch
Lampoon
using over-the-top ridicule to criticize something. It often exaggeratedly copies its object of ridicule.
Anthem
a stirring song (like a national anthem that expresses the outlook of a group or cause)
satiric norm
desired behavior change of a movie
Juvenalian satire
Mean satire
Horatian satire
satire that is kinder and gentler
Medium
the substance an artist uses to create art, like print, television, and radio
Collage
pictures and words pasted together after being cut out from print media such as magazines and newspapers.
Assets
pieces of a shot
In camera
videos created with real sets and puppets superimposed in front of computer-animated backgrounds.
Bridge
a portion of a song that contrasts with the main tune and usually reflects on the previous section or transitions into a concluding section
Hook
the catchy words of the title repeated throughout the video
Cultural relativism
acknowledging that people are different and argues there is no single moral code that everyone in the world should adopt.
nature vs.nurture debate
asks whether people's personalities and abilities are mainly genetic or learned.
Foils
characters that contrast with each other
Cardwell Reforms
reforms that modernizes the British military by
reducing terms of service, ending corporeal punishment, and ending Purchase
opera seria
serious opera
Comic opera
opera that uses humor, satire, and parody to mock traditional opera and, contemporary politics using silly situations, ordinary characters, and catchy tunes.
Patter
songs that use a fast tempo, alliteration, and tongue-twisting text to produce a comic effect.
Feminine
rhymes that are multi-syllabic rhymes that match on the first syllable and also rhyme subsequent syllables.
Studio System
A system where all aspects of film production and distribution were controlled and often owned by a single major studio.
Pogroms
organized anti-Jewish mob attacks that are sanctioned by the Russian government in the 1905.
Shtetls
villages in Eastern Europe with large Jewish communities
Yiddish
Language of Ashkenazi Jews, written in Hebrew characters and combining words and syntax from German and Hebrew and other languages
Individualism
idea that people should make decisions based on their own inclinations rather than on tradition.
con artist
a person who tricks others out of their money
Status Quo
"the existing situation" or "the way things are right now"
Pitch
An attempt, often by a salesperson or entrepreneur, to convince you to buy something.
New Media
Internet versions of traditional media, such as film, images, music, and writing.
Jim Crow Laws
Laws that legalize racism in America in the 1900s
Segregation
the separation of blacks and whites
hipsters
youths who were counterculture in everything from their politics to clothing and taste in music (fans of jazz)
Folk music
Music that speaks to the daily life and struggles of groups of people. Passed down through oral traditions, and does not belong to any particular composer or musician.
Ballads
songs that tell a story
Zip lines
lines that stretch across the stage on an incline. A pulley runs across them, so an actor suspended from the pulley can mimic flying.
Googie architecture
buildings that evoke the space race through curved shapes and the use of glass, steel, and neon lighting.
Glam rock
music style that evolved out of the space race, it combines complicated, conceptual music with an elaborate visual style
Stereo
a technology using two different channels of sound to make it seem the music is coming from different directions.
Stylophone
a synthesizer played by pressing a pencil-like stylus tip to metal keys, which closes an electric circuit and creates a sound.
Strophic
song that contains verses mixed with a repeating chorus or refrain.
Melodic
songs uses a sequence of different notes that sound pleasant together
phonemes
bits and pieces of language, recorded by various artists
Ecotopia
an ideal society based on principles designed to minimize the society's negative impact on the environment
Sectarian violence
violence that happens between two sects of the same larger group
tsundere character
a stock character of anime who alternates between being tsuntsun, or disgusted, and deredere, loving
Summer of Love
The summer of 1967, where tens of thousands of hippies flocked to the Haight-Ashbury section of San Francisco with their message of peace, love, and drugs.
Long, Hot Summer
The summer of 1967 where over 100 African Americans died in race riots all over America
Atlas ikat
traditional clothing the material of Uzbekistan, woven with threads repeatedly dyed , creating a pattern
The Troubles
Period in the twentieth century where the two sects of Christians fought for several decades