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76 terms

Music Theory II

Circle of fifths and adult piano method 2 terms
STUDY
PLAY
C major
0 sharps or flats
a minor
0 sharps or flats
G major
1 sharp, F#
e minor
1 sharp, F#
D major
2 sharps, F#, C#
b minor
2 sharps, F#, C#
f# minor
3 sharps, F#, C#, G#
A major
3 sharps, F#, C#, G#
E major
4 sharps, F#, C#, G#, D#
B major
5 sharps, F#, C#, G#, D#, A#
F# major
6 sharps, F#, C#, G#, D#, A#, E#
C# major
7 sharps, F#, C#, G#, D#, A#, E#, B#
Cb major
7 flats, Bb,Eb, Ab, Db, Gb, Cb, Fb
Gb major
6 flats, Bb,Eb, Ab, Db, Gb, Cb
Db major
5 flats, Bb,Eb, Ab, Db, Gb
Ab major
4 flats, Bb, Eb, Ab, Db
Eb major
3 flats, Bb, Eb, Ab
Bb major
2 flats, Bb, Eb
F major
1 flat, Bb
c# minor
4 sharps, F#, C#, G#, D#
g# minor
5 sharps, F#, C#, G#, D#, A#
d# minor
6 sharps, F#, C#, G#, D#, A#, E#
a# minor
7 sharps, F#, C#, G#, D#, A#, E#, B#
ab minor
7 flats, Bb, Eb, Ab, Db, Gb, Cb, Fb
eb minor
6 flats, Bb, Eb, Ab, Db, Gb, Cb
Bb minor
5 flats, Bb, Eb, Ab, Db, Gb
f minor
4 flats, Bb, Eb, Ab, Db
c minor
3 flats, Bb, Eb, Ab
g minor
2 flats, Bb, Eb
d minor
1 flat, Bb
Middle C
middle of clef, C1
small c
one octave down from middle c
Great c
two octaves down from middle c
Contra c
3 octaves down from C1
subcontra c
4 octaves down from c1
subsubcontra c
5 octaves down from c1
C2
1 octave up from c1, (C'')
C3
2 octaves up from c1
C4
3 octaves up from c1
C5
4 octaves up from c1
C6
5 octaves up from c1
C7
6 octaves up from c1
How many keys to a scale?
7
How many keys to an octave?
8
Bass Clef
F clef
Treble clef
G clef
interval
distance from one key to another, range between 2 pitches
time signature
how many beats in a measure/ what note gets the beat
accent
play the note louder
8va
one octave higher
8vb
one octave lower
15ma
two octaves higher
loco
play the notes where written
a tempo
return to original tempo
DC al Fine
return to the beginning and play to the fine sign
upbeats
notes that come before first full measure
ritard
slow the tempo
ledger lines
are added to notes written above or below staff
fermata
hold a note longer than its rhythmic value
phrase
a musical clause or sentence
triad
a three-note chord written on three consecutive lines or spaces
Accidentals
sharps, flats, naturals
Dynamics
volume
Tempo
mood of the piece and speed of the pulse
Andante
walking speed
Andantino
slightly faster than walking speed
Allegro
quickly
Swing Eighth Notes
played unevenly
Common time
4/4 time
Half steps
distance from one key to the next, either black or white with no key in between
Whole step
distance from one key to another with one in b/w. 2 half steps
Major Pattern
W-W-H-W-W-W-H
Arpeggios
notes of a broken chord played one after another, up or down a keyboard.
Chord symbols
the letter symbol for a major chord is the same as the root of the chord. It is often written above the treble staff
Minor Pattern
W-H-W-W-H-W-W
DC Al Coda
da capo al coda; return to the beginning and play to the coda sign, then skip to the coda and continue to end