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51 terms

Lit terms

STUDY
PLAY
Foreshadowing
hints or clues in the literture that suggest action to come in the story
Epic
a long narrative poem that relates the deeds of a hero
myth, legend, folk, history
What four things are incorporated into an Epic?
Hero, "in medias res", invocation of the muse, presence of supernatural characters, epic elements, reflection of culture
What are the 5 characteristics of an Epic?
narrarator
character from whose point of view the narrative is expressed (person telling the story)
drama
an "acting out" of everyday events
pun
a play on words
character foil
two characters are opposite in every way
characterization
the process by which the author reveals a character's personality
direct characterization
the writer makes direct statements about a characters personality and tells what the character is like
indirect characterization
the writer shows or dramatizes the character and allows you to draw your conclusions
figurative language
launguage that can be interpreted in a variety of contects, depending on situation, speaker, time, location, etc.
flat character
simple, undeveloped, one demensional, single character trait, sterotyped
round character
complex, developed, multi demensional, various character traits, unique individuals
static character
a character that remains the same throughout the narrative
dynamic character
a character who changes values, beliefs, ideas or morals as a result of events in a narrative
literal laungauge
laungage that can be interpretted as fact
plot
sequence of events that structure and guide a narrative
exposition
setting, characters are introduced
rising action
the "problem" the struggle between opposing forces
internal conflict
occurs within a character, mental/emotional
external conflict
conflict occurs outside character (person vs. person, person vs. nature, person vs. society, person vs. machine, person vs. super natural"
turning point
point of story when actions change
falling action
events that occur as a result of the turning point
resolution
how the conflict ends
climax
moment of most intense emotion
simile
comparrison using "like" or "as"
metaphor
comparrison not using "like" or "as"
personification
giving human traits to a non human object
imagry
writing that is so descriptive, it enables the reader to create a mental image. appeals to 5 senses.
suspense
the quality that makes readers eager to know what happens next
verbal irony
a way of saying or writing one thing and meaning the direct oposite
dramatic irony
the contrast depends upon the differnce between what a character belives and what readers know is true
point-of-view
the vantage point from which the story is told
first person
when the narrative is told from the p-o-v of a a character directly involved in the conflict
third person
when the narrative is told from p-o-v of character NOT directly involved in conflict
third person limited
thoughts/emotions are of one charracter
third person omniscient
thoughts/emotions of more than one character
theme
an underlying messge about life, communicated to the reader through the narrative from the author
setting
when and where the story takes place
alliteration
use of the same consonant at the beginning of each stressed syllable in a line of verse
anaolgy
an inference that if things agree in some respects they probably agree in others
aside
a line spoken by an actor to the audience but not intended for others on the stage
denotation
the most direct or specific meaning of a word or expression
connotation
an idea that is implied or suggested
couplet
a stanza consisting of two successive lines of verse; usually rhymed
fiction
a literary work based on the imagination and not necessarily on fact
figure of speech
language used in a figurative or nonliteral sense
flashback
a transition (in literary or theatrical works or films) to an earlier event or scene that interrupts the normal chronological development of the story
heroic couplet
a couplet consisting of two rhymed lines of iambic pentamenter and written in an elevated style
novel
a extended fictional work in prose; usually in the form of a story