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hints or clues in the literture that suggest action to come in the story


a long narrative poem that relates the deeds of a hero

myth, legend, folk, history

What four things are incorporated into an Epic?

Hero, "in medias res", invocation of the muse, presence of supernatural characters, epic elements, reflection of culture

What are the 5 characteristics of an Epic?


character from whose point of view the narrative is expressed (person telling the story)


an "acting out" of everyday events


a play on words

character foil

two characters are opposite in every way


the process by which the author reveals a character's personality

direct characterization

the writer makes direct statements about a characters personality and tells what the character is like

indirect characterization

the writer shows or dramatizes the character and allows you to draw your conclusions

figurative language

launguage that can be interpreted in a variety of contects, depending on situation, speaker, time, location, etc.

flat character

simple, undeveloped, one demensional, single character trait, sterotyped

round character

complex, developed, multi demensional, various character traits, unique individuals

static character

a character that remains the same throughout the narrative

dynamic character

a character who changes values, beliefs, ideas or morals as a result of events in a narrative

literal laungauge

laungage that can be interpretted as fact


sequence of events that structure and guide a narrative


setting, characters are introduced

rising action

the "problem" the struggle between opposing forces

internal conflict

occurs within a character, mental/emotional

external conflict

conflict occurs outside character (person vs. person, person vs. nature, person vs. society, person vs. machine, person vs. super natural"

turning point

point of story when actions change

falling action

events that occur as a result of the turning point


how the conflict ends


moment of most intense emotion


comparrison using "like" or "as"


comparrison not using "like" or "as"


giving human traits to a non human object


writing that is so descriptive, it enables the reader to create a mental image. appeals to 5 senses.


the quality that makes readers eager to know what happens next

verbal irony

a way of saying or writing one thing and meaning the direct oposite

dramatic irony

the contrast depends upon the differnce between what a character belives and what readers know is true


the vantage point from which the story is told

first person

when the narrative is told from the p-o-v of a a character directly involved in the conflict

third person

when the narrative is told from p-o-v of character NOT directly involved in conflict

third person limited

thoughts/emotions are of one charracter

third person omniscient

thoughts/emotions of more than one character


an underlying messge about life, communicated to the reader through the narrative from the author


when and where the story takes place


use of the same consonant at the beginning of each stressed syllable in a line of verse


an inference that if things agree in some respects they probably agree in others


a line spoken by an actor to the audience but not intended for others on the stage


the most direct or specific meaning of a word or expression


an idea that is implied or suggested


a stanza consisting of two successive lines of verse; usually rhymed


a literary work based on the imagination and not necessarily on fact

figure of speech

language used in a figurative or nonliteral sense


a transition (in literary or theatrical works or films) to an earlier event or scene that interrupts the normal chronological development of the story

heroic couplet

a couplet consisting of two rhymed lines of iambic pentamenter and written in an elevated style


a extended fictional work in prose; usually in the form of a story

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