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6 terms

Genome Size

Lecture 15
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Flow Cytometry
Counts cells by passing them through a capillary and measure changes in light transmittance; estimates genome size
C-value
Complexity/content of a genome, which considers gene# and genome size
picogram
10^-12 grams, unit of measure of DNA/cell
Megabase
million nucleotide bases
c-value paradox
mutually exclusive discordance between organismal complexity and genome content; discovery of non-coding DNA created 'enigma'
living fossil
organisms that have undergone little or no evolutionary change for millenia; e.g. Coelanth