The First Civilization One
Terms in this set (26)
a period of human culture between the Stone Age and the Iron Age, characterized by the use of weapons and implements made of bronze
A region between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers that developed the first urban societies. In the Bronze Age this area included Sumer and the Akkadian, Babylonian and Assyrian empires.
A geographical area of fertile land in the Middle East stretching in a broad semicircle from the Nile to the Tigris and Euphrates
The world's first civilization, founded in Mesopotamia, which existed for over 3,000 years.
Tigris and Euphrates Rivers
Rivers that flowed mainly through Iraq. Silt form the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers developed the Fertile Crescent, where the worlds 1st farming civilization developed.
A sovereign state comprising a city and its immediate hinterland.
A city with political and economic control over the surrounding countryside
A series of rulers from the same family
A form of writing developed by the Sumerians using a wedge shaped stylus and clay tablets.
Trade no money involved
massive pyramidal stepped tower made of mudbricks. It is associated with religious complexes in ancient Mesopotamian cities, but its function is unknown.
Belief in more than one god
Amorite ruler of Babylon (r. 1792-1750 B.C.E.). He conquered many city-states in southern and northern Mesopotamia and is best known for a code of laws, inscribed on a black stone pillar, illustrating the principles to be used in legal cases.
Code of Hammurabi
A collection of 282 laws. One of the first (but not THE first) examples of written law in the ancient world.
Nile River Valley Civilization
geography- delta, natural barrier, predictable floodin
ancient Egypt- theocracy-predictable flooding-polytheistic
The river in which early kingdoms in Egypt were centered around.
The most fertile area of land in Egypt located end of the Nile River where it empties into the Mediterranean Sea
on a map of Ancient Egypt this would have been located in the south due to elevation
on a map of Ancient Egypt this would have been located in the north due to elevation
A king of ancient Egypt, considered a god as well as a political and military leader.
A state whose government is either believed to be divinely guided or a state under the control of a group of religious leaders.
Huge, triangular shaped burial tombs of Egyptian pharaohs built during the Old Kingdom
embalmment and drying a dead body and wrapping it as a mummy
A process of embalming and drying corpses to prevent them from decaying
An ancient Egyptian writing system in which pictures were used to represent ideas and sounds
A reed that grows along the banks of the Nile River in Egypt. From it was produced a coarse, paperlike writing medium used by the Egyptians and many other peoples in the ancient Mediterranean and Middle East.
The central coastline of Peru
May be the first civilization
had a civilization based off of Fish, not off of wheat or a plant
The first Mesoamerican civilization. Between ca. 1200 and 400 B.C.E., these people of central Mexico created a vibrant civilization that included intensive agriculture, wide-ranging trade, ceremonial centers, and monumental construction.
Mother Civilization of Maya and Aztec