38 terms

Chapter 5

Most students in many schools can peruse degrees in jazz.
The more sophisticated big band charts were aimed more at listeners than dancers.
Bebop was well received amongst jazz musicians.
Free jazz is almost pure improvisation.
Jazz began in the early 20th century in __________ of poor urban neighborhoods.

A) concert halls
B) churches
C) bars and nightclubs
D) none of the above
C) bars and nightclubs
The cultural influence of jazz was from people of __________ heritage.

A) African, French, and Spanish
B) Mexican, Caribbean, and African
C) Brazilian, French, and African
D) all of the above
A) African, French, and Spanish
A standard rhythm section is:
A) piano, bass, drums
B) trumpet, bass, drums
C) sax, guitar, drums
D) piano, bass, guitar
A) piano, bass, drums
The most popular ragtime musician was:
A) Stephen Foster
B) Louis Armstrong
C) Duke Ellington
D) Scott Joplin
D) Scott Joplin
Who was the most successful and famous New Orleans musician?
A) Duke Ellington
B) King Oliver
C) Louis Armstrong
D) Kid Ory
C) Louis Armstrong
Duke Ellington was a:

A) Dixieland band leader
B) jazz violinist
C) jazz singer
D) big band leader
D) big band leader
Who was the king of swing?

A) Benny Goodman
B) Glenn Miller
C) Duke Ellington
D) Tommy Dorsey
A) Benny Goodman
Bebop was born in:

A) New Orleans
B) big bands
C) after hours jam sessions
D) the 60's
C) after hours jam sessions
__________ was the sax player who solidified the bebop style.

A) Charlie Parker
B) Dizzie Gillespie
C) Thelonius Monk
D) Kenny Clark
A) Charlie Parker
Bebop is often:

A) complex
B) intense
C) very fast
D) all of the above
D) all of the above
__________ jazz came from the 50's and 60's.

A) cool
B) hard bop
C) funky
D) all of the above
D) all of the above
__________ was an attempt to apply sophisticated ideas in a softer manner than bebop.

A) swing
B) cool jazz
C) fusion
D) free jazz
B) cool jazz
Miles Davis, Dave Brubeck, and Stan Getz all played:

A) bebop
B) cool jazz
C) fusion jazz
D) free jazz
B) cool jazz
In fusion jazz the most dramatic change involves borrowing instruments and techniques from:

A) the orchestra
B) disco
C) rock
D) soul
C) rock
Jazz usually involves

A) improvisation
B) boogie woogie
C) bebop
D) jam sessions
A) improvisation
The styles that helped to stimulate the beginnings of jazz were

A) blues
B) gospel
C) ragtime
D) all of the above
D) all of the above
Name the three instrumental groupings in big band jazz.
1) Rhythm Section; piano, bass, and drums 2) Brass Section; trumpets and trombones 3) Sax Section; altos, tenors, and baritone.
Name the five song types that contributed to early jazz.
1) Popular Songs; 2) Blues Songs; 3) Rags; 4) Brass Band Marches & Dances; 5) Gospel Songs.
Name the three forms of swing jazz.
1) Sweet Swing; 2) The Jazz of Benny Goodman; 3) Hot Swing or Big Band Jazz
Name three big band leaders.
Duke Ellington, Count Basie, Glenn Miller, Woody Herman, Tommy Dorsey, Stan Kenton (next generation), and Maynard Furguson (next generation)
Name the Pulitzer Prize winning jazz musician.
Trumpeter Wynton Marsalis
short, syncopated melodic patterns
Scat Singing
vocal improvisation using non-sense syllables
the "feel" of jazz
make it up as you go along
off-beat rhythms
similar to a trumpet
Head Arrangements
versions of songs played from memory
the main melodic or solo part
Dixieland stop time
Hit Parade
the equivalent of top 40
possessing great skill
a repeated section of a jazz tune
the other musicians in a jazz combo