Upgrade to remove ads
HUN 2 review
Terms in this set (50)
the function of dietary fat (4)
- fat soluble nutrients
- energy concentrated form
the function of body fat (4)
- energy storage form
- organs protection
- fat for lactation
saturated fats in the diet are the factor most associated with atherosclerosis and heart disease
saturated fats are associate with which of the following foods
whole milk, egg yolks, meat, meat fat, coconut and palm oils, chocolate, margarine, and hydrogenated veggie oils
At room temperature the characteristic that identifies unsaturated fats from saturated is that they are usually
Saturated fats are solid at room temperature.
Polyunsaturated fats are liquid at room temperature
Tropical oils are unique because they are
they are highest in saturated fat
in which form are most dietary lipids found?
fatty acids differ in their degree of saturation or unsaturation due to their number of ____?
What type of fatty acid is found in high amounts in olive oil?
monounsaturated oleic acid
An omega-3 fatty acid has its first double bond on the___?
third carbon from the end
Which of the following is a feature of dietary saturated fats?
All of the following are rich sources of polyunsaturated fatty acids except?
corn oil (linoleic acid)
Oil that is partially hydrogenated sometimes changes one or more of its double bond configurations from ______ to ______?
cis to trans
Which of the following is an important chemical feature of phospholipids?
soluble in both water and fat
What is the major sterol in the diet?
Which of the following foods contains cholesterol?
Of the following lipoproteins, which is largest in size and contains the most fat?
In comparison to a low-density lipoprotein, a high-density lipoprotein contains more____?
Each of the following is known to be linked to excessive intake of fats except
Your father has just come back from the doctor where he was subjected to a blood lipid profile analysis. The doctor provided him with dietary changes because the cholesterol results put him at increased risk for cardiovascular disease. Which of the following results is consistent with the diagnosis?
low HDL and high LDL
According to the Dietary Guidelines, what should be the range of fat intake as a percentage of energy intake?
20 - 35%
In comparison to the composition of carbohydrates and fats, which element is found in proteins that makes them unique?
How many different amino acids make up proteins?
The body does not need a supply of amino acids to make all the protein a body makes a day because
All of the following are contained in an amino acid except
an aldehyde group
Which of the following is a feature of an essential amino acid?
it must be supplied by the diet
What is meant by the amino acid sequence of a protein?
order of the amino acids in the peptide chain
A non-essential amino acid is one that
your body can produce on its own
The sequencing of a protein is determined by
Which of the following proteins inactivates foreign bacteria and viruses?
Enzymes are proteins that
speed up reactions (catalysts)
Which of the following may be used to determine protein utilization?
Gluconeogenesis is a term that describes the synthesis of
glucose from a noncarb substance
Which of the following defines protein turnover?
the sum of protein synthesis and degradation
What is the amino acid pool?
a mix of essential and nonessential amino acids derived from protein breakdown and dietary protein intake
What is the fate of excess dietary protein?
after absorption, the extra amino acids will be rapidly degraded
What is the usual state of nitrogen balance for healthy infants, children, and pregnant women?
Protein sparing in the body is best achieved when a person ingests____?
adequate levels of carbs and fats
Protein deficiency diseases are generally accompanied and worsened by a deficiency of energy.
Which of the following is a consequence of excess protein intake?
increased production and excretion of urea
A person who is starving is losing___(3)____?
glycogen, protein, and fat
What is the percent digestibility of most animal proteins?
Which of the following food proteins has the best assortment of essential amino acids for the human body?
What primary factor governs the quality of a food protein?
essential amino acid content
What is a "limiting" amino acid in a dietary protein?
an essential amino acid present in insufficient quantity for body protein synthesis to take place
If the diet is lacking an essential amino acid, what will be the course of action?
protein synthesis will be limited
What is complementary protein nutrition?
a strategy that combines plant proteins in the same day to improve the balance of essential amino acids
What would be the primary principle of wise diet planning as related to protein nutrition?
Which of the following is a feature of the protein RDA?
the recommendation are generous
Which of the following is an assumption made in the formulation of the RDA for protein?
dietary carbohydrate and fat intakes are adequate
This set is often in folders with...
HUN 1201 Nutrition Exam 2
Nutrition Final (Unit 2)
You might also like...
Chapter 5 and 6 for HUN1201
HUN Test 2
Other sets by this creator
Ch. 37 Anticancer drugs
peptic ulcer drugs
Pharm drug endings
Other Quizlet sets
Bio Lab- Quiz 1 (exercises 1 & 2)
Permit Test #3
Mikel's feedback (October - December 201…
GI Tract Physiology Lec. 1