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Terms in this set (45)
Family Education Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA)
Allows students access to their school records, to review or amend their own records
The United States education systems is decentralized as it is mainly controlled and organized by the state and local officials.
Allows federal government to direct education
Equal protections under laws for religion, expression, assembly, and petition.
Individuals with Disabilities Act (IDEA)
1975 law that says special education students have rights to a free public education
Requires school board meetings
Good faith negotiations between district and employees
Plyer v. Doe
States can't deny education for illegal immigrants as it violates the 14th Amendment.
Berg v Glen Cove
health services unvaccinated students not welcome
Sherman v Wheeling
Patriotic excercises cant be forced upon students
Harrell v Connell
Schools can charge fees for sports
Edward v Aguillard
Creation does not belong in science class
Lee v Weisman
No prayer at graduation, because it was a violation of the 1st Amendment.
Jeglin v San Jacinto
Schools can have a dress code
Goss v Lopez
The Supreme Court ruled that once the state provides an education to all of its citizens, it can not deprive them of it without ensuring due process protections, such as hearing/trial.
Pickering v BOE
Teachers expression on public concern matters are ok
Requires evaluation of teachers
Honig v Doe
Students cant be expelled based upon disabilities. Student with disabilities must remain in their existing educational placements pending expulsion proceedings unless otherwise agreed upon.
Section 504 of ADA
No discrimination against people with disabilities
1975 Americans with Disabilities Act
Brown vs Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas
Ended racial discrimination segregation of schools in the United States as it violated the 14th amendment.
Diana v. California State Board
Special education assessments for placement must be in student's native language
West Virginia v Barnette
Students cant be forced to say the pledge
Wood v Strickland
Expelled students need to have a due process
The Education of All Handicapped Children Act (FAPE)
The federal law requires that a Free and Appropriate Public Education is provided to student's individual needs, and offered in the least restrictive environment for all handicapped children.
Mills vs Washington D.C Board of Education
The federal court requires that all students with disabilities and requires adequate alternative educational services appropriate the students' needs.
Civil Rights Act 1964 probibits employment discrimination based upon race or gender
Language instruction for alll ESL and immigrant students
Title IX Education Amendments of 1972
Prohibits gender discrimination
Lau v Nichols
The Supreme Court ruled that students must be taught in the language they understand
Title I Elementary and Secondary Education Act 1965 and 1988 Hawkins-Stafford Amendments
Funds supplemental education services for low income students and schools
Title II Americans with Disabilities Act
Individuals with disabilities can not be refused to services, programs and/or activity due to their disabilities
Acceptable Use Policy
Policies geared towards protecting the safety of young people unethical social practices through various mean, such as technology
No child with a disability can be denied a public education.
All persons born or naturalized in the U.S. are citizens, and are entitled to life, liberty, property, and equal protection of the laws.
Plessy vs Ferguson
In 1896 Supreme Court ruled that segregated schools were legal.
Hazelwood vs Kulhmeier
US Supreme Court ruled that educators can exercise editorial control over speech in school-sponsored student newspaper in situations where the educators' actions are based on legitimate concerns related to teaching and learning.
Engle vs Vital
Supreme Court ruled that school prayer in the public school system violates 1st Constitution.
Everson vs New Jersey Board of Education
The Supreme Court rules that the New Jersey law that allowed reimbursements of transportation costs to parents of children who rode public transportation to school, even if the children attended parochial schools as it did not violate the 1st amendment.
Pennsylvania Association for Retarded Children vs
Federal court rules that students with mental retardation are entitled to a free and public education.
Protects citizens from reasonable searches and seizures. However, searches of students' lockers for possession contrasts or drugs are legal as school officials are acting as local parents.
New Jersey v T. L. O
U S Supreme Court stated that school administrators did not have search warrant or probable causes before conducting a search of the student's purse.
Tinker v Des Moines Independent School Distrct
The Supreme Court ruled that students "don't shed their constitutional rights at the school gate" and have rights to wear armbands against the Vietnam War.
Least Restrictive Environment
Student who has a disability should have the opportunity to be educated with non-disabled peers, to the greatest extent appropriate.
San Antonio vs. Rodriquez 1973
The court ruled that the reliance on property taxes to fund local schools is not a violation of the 14th amendment.
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