394 terms

Biology Roots Vocab (A-Z)

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immuno
safe, free
in
not, into, without
im
not, into, without
ir
not, into, without
il
not, into, without
ig
not, into, without
inter
between, among
intr/intra
within, inside
iso
equal, the same
-itis
inflammation
ject
throw
jud
judge
junct
join
jur/jus
law
juven
young
juxta
near, to
karyo
nucleus
kilo
1,000
kine
moving
lab
work
lact
milk
lat
side
lav/lau
wash
leg
read, speak
lec
read, speak
lex
read, speak
leuko
white
leva
rise
liber
free
lig
tie, bind
linga
tongue
lip/lipo
fat
loc
speak
loq
speak
log
speak
luc
light
lum
light
lus
light
lyse
break down
lyso
loosen
macro
large
magna
great
magnet
magnetic
mal
bad, evil
man/manv
hand
mechano
instrument
medi
middle
mega
large, great
meio
less
melan
black
meter
measure
metr
measure
mens
measure
mere
one part
meso
middle
meta
change, between
micro
small
migra
wander
minor
smaller
mis
wrong, bad
mit/miss
send
mito
thread
mnem
memory
mem
memory
men
memory
mob
move
mov
move
mom
move
mot
move
mon
warning
mono
one, single
mony
status
mor
death
mort
death
mors
death
morph
form
multi
many
mut
change
myo
muscle
nano
microscopic
narco
numbness
nat
born
nas
born
nai
born
neg
deny, not
neo/nov
new
neur
nerve
neutr
neither
noc/nox
harmful
nom/nym
name
non
not
noto
back
nucleo
nucleus
numer
number
nutri/o
nourish
ob
against/infront of/toward
oculo
eye
oid
like/form
olfact
smell
ology
study of
omni
all
onco
tumor
oo
egg
oper
work
-orexia
appetite
org
living
ortho
straight/direct
osis
condition of
osmo
pushing
osteo
bone
ovi
egg
oxy
oxygen
paleo
ancient
palp
feel
pan
all/everywhere
par
equal
para
beside/near
path/pass
feeling
part/pater
father
pedi
child
pel/puls
drive
pend/pens
hang
-penia
decrease in numbers
per/permea
through
perfora
bore through
peri
around
perman
remaining
phage
to eat
pheno
appear
phil
loving
phob
hating
phon
sound
photo
light
phylo
tribe
phyto/phyt
plant
pino
drink
plac
please
plasm
molded
plur
more
plu
more
pus
more
pnemun
breath
pod/ped
foot
poly
many
pon/pos
put/place
pori
small opening
port
carry/gate
post
after
potent
powerful
pre
before
pri/prim
first
pro
forward/supporting
pron
bent forward
propri
one's own
proto
first
pseudo
false/wrong
psycho
mind
pulmo
lung
pyr
fire
quat
four
quad
four
quar
four
ques/quer
question
quint
five
radia
branch
radio
radiation
re
again
rect
straight
recta
straight
reg
straight
retro
backward
rhino
nose
rid/ris
laugh
rog
ask
rupt
break
a/an
not
ab
away from, against
ac/acr
sharp, sour
acou
hearing
ad
towards, to
adip/o
fat
aero
air
ag
move, do
agr
farming
alges/-algia
pain
ali/altr
other
allo-
other, different
am/amour
love, together
ambl/ambul
movement
ambi/amphi
both
ana
upwards, throughout
analog
proportionate
anim
spirit, life
ann/enn
yearly
ant/ante
before
anthro/andro/anthrop
human
anti/ant
against
append
hang to
apt/ept
skill, ability, fit
apsis
juncture
aqua/aque
water
arch
ruler, leader
archae
beginning
arthro
jointed
astro
star
aud
sound, hear
auto
self
ax/axi/axo
axis
belli/bell
war
bene/ben/boun/bon
good
bi
two
biblio
book
bio
life
brach/i
arm
cad/cas/cid
happen, to fall
calor
heat
capsa
box
cap/cip
head
capt/cept
to seize
carb
carbon
cardi
heart
carn
flesh
cata
down
caus/caut
burn
cede/cess
yield, go
centro
center
chemo
chemical
chloro
green
chondr
cartilage
chord
string
chron
time
cide/cise
to cut, to kill
cili
hair
circ/circum
around
civ/civil
citizen
claim/clam
declare
clin
lean, slope
clus/clos/clud
to close
co/com/con
with
cogn
to know
contra
opposite
corp
body
cosmo/cosm
space
counter
against, opposite
crat
rule, power
cred
believe
cresc
grow
crypto
hidden
culp
to fault, blaim
cyan/o
blue
cycle
circle
cyte/cyto
cell
de
down, opposite, apart
deca
ten
dem/demo
people
derm
skin
di
two, double
dia
through, between, apart
dic/dict
say, tell
dign/dain
worth
dis
not, apart, separate
dorm
sleep
duc/duct
to lead, draw
dys
bad, faulty
dyn
power, energy
ecto
outside
ego
self
electro
electricity
en/em
into, cause
endo
within
epi
upon, over
equ
equal
erythr/o
red
ethno
people, race
eu
good, well, true
e/ex/ej
out, from, put out
extr
beyond, outside, more
fal
deceive
fic/fig/fit/fea
make, do
fid
faith, trust
flu/flux/fluc
flow
fore
before
frac/frag
break
funct
perform, work
fus
pour
gamy
marriage
gastro
stomach
gen
produce, create
geny
origin
geo/ge
earth
ger
old age
gest
carry
glob
sphere
glomer
ball
gluco/glyco
sugar, sweet
grad/gred/gress
step
graph/gram
write
grat
pleasing
grav
heavy
greg
crowd
gusta
taste
gyno
woman
habit/hibit
have, hold
haplo
single
heli/helio
sun
helic
spiral
hemo/hema
blood
herb
grass
her/hes
stick, hold fast
hetero
different, other
hist
tissue
hol
whole
homeo/homo
same
hydr
water
hyper
over, exceed
hypno
sleep
hypo
lower, under
sacchar
sugar
sci
to know/knowledge
script/scrib
write
se
apart
sect
cut
sec
cut
seg
cut
semi
half
sens/sent
feeling
septi
rotten
sequ
to follow
sign
mark
sim/sem
same
socio
companion
soma
body
somn
sleep
soph
wisdom
spec/spic
see
spers/spar
spread
spri
breath
strat
layer
strict/struct
build
sucr
sweet
sub
less than
super/sur
above/over
sym/syn
together/with
tact/tag/tang
touch
taxo
arrange
tech
tools/art/skill
telo
the end
temp/tempo
time
ten
to hold
tin
to hold
tain
to hold
tens
to stretch
tend
to stretch
tent
to stretch
term
end
terr
earth
test
witness
thromb/o
clot
therm
heat
toti
all
tox
poison
trachei
windpipe
tract
pull/draw/drag
trans
across
trem
shake
trep
shake
turb
shake
tri
three
trib
pay
troph
food
turg
swollen
tympan
drum
ult
last
ultra
beyond
un/non
not
uni
one
urb
city
us/ut
to use
vac
empty
val/vail
strength
vasa
vessel
ven/vent
to come
vers/vert
to turn
verus
true
vestigi
trace
vict/vinc
conquer
vid/vis
see
virul
poisonous
vit/viv
life
voc/vow
call/voice
volv
turn
vor
eat
zoo
animal
zyg
bond between people