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33 terms

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Nicolaus Copernicus
came up with the heliocentric theory and wrote "On the Revolutions of Heavenly Bodies".
Tycho Brahe
studied movements of planets, made predictions of eclipses, discovered
Johannes Kepler
concluded mathematical laws governing planetary motion. He followed Brahe's studies
Galileo Galilei
invented telescope, discovered objects fall at same speed, disproved Aristotle's pendulum theory, discovered sun had dark spots
Francis Bacon
developed the scientific method
Rene Descartes
discovered analytical geometry, also believed everything should be doubted unless developed by reason
Isaac Newton
advancements in algebra and calculus, and light composition, discovered 3 laws of motion
Zacharias Janssen
invented microscope
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
first to see red blood cells, disproved that maggots and grubs didn't spontaneously combust
Evangelista Torricelli
created barometer
Gabriel Fahrenheit
created thermometer and fahrenheit scale
Anders Celsius
invented celsius scale
Galen
said the heart was one big sponge, didnt know of veins
Andreas Vesalius
first to accurately diagram the human anatomy
William Harvey
explained how blood was pumped around the body,
Edward Jenner
created first vaccine for small pox
Robert Boyles
discovered relationship of pressure and volume
Joseph Preistly
discovered oxygen
Antoine Lavoisier
first to separate pure oxygen from air
Cesare Boneesana Beccaria
published "On Crimes and Punishments", he tried to have torture abbolished
Mary Astell
wrote "Serious proposals to the ladies", thought women should go to school
Mary Wollstonecraft
first feminist, wrote Vindication of Women Rights, urged woman's rights in politics and education
Marie- Therese Geoffrin
hostess of salons, gathered enlightened thinkers in her home, encouraged Diderots encyclopedias
Denis Diderot
published 27 volumes of an encyclopedia
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
composed 600 musical works including, Marriage of Figaro, Magic Flute, and Don Giovanni
Ludwig van Beethoven
wrote classical music during enlightenment which later changed to romanticism, wrote 9th Symphony
Samuel Richardson
wrote Pamela, laid foundation for modern novels
Daniel Defoe
wrote Robinson Crusoe
Thomas Hobbes
Leviathan, believed government made to create law and order. People were naturally selfish.
John Locke
2 treaties of government. Believed in life, liberty, prosperity
Baron de Montesquie
Believed in 3 branches of government. Checks and balances
Jean Jacques Rousseau
Wrote the social contract info. Supported Freedom, democracy, popular sovereignty.
Voltaire
Fought for tolerance, reason, freedom speech, freedom of religion