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the authority to hear and decide on a case

exclusive jurisdiction

only the federal courts may hear and decide cases

concurrent jurisdiction

both federal and state courts can hear and decide on cases

district court

federal courts in which trials are held an law suites are begun

original jurisdiction

authority to hear cases for the first time

appeals court

review decisions made in lower district courts

appellate jurisdiction

authority of court to hear a case appealed from a lower court


sending the case back to the lower court to be tried again


a detailed explanation of the legal thinking behind the courts


guidance to other judges by offering by a model upon which to base their own decision on similar cases

judicial review

court can review any federal, state, or local law or action


allowed by the constitution




a written document that explains one sides position on the case

majority opinion

mostly agreed

concurring opinion

different opinions

dissenting opinion

mostly disagree

stare decisis

let the decision stand

judicial activism

major decision that changes society


to ask for another opinion

writ of certiorari

order by a higher court directing a lower court

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