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22 terms

Judicial branch vocab

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Circuts
districts
jurisdiction
the authority to hear and decide on a case
exclusive jurisdiction
only the federal courts may hear and decide cases
concurrent jurisdiction
both federal and state courts can hear and decide on cases
district court
federal courts in which trials are held an law suites are begun
original jurisdiction
authority to hear cases for the first time
appeals court
review decisions made in lower district courts
appellate jurisdiction
authority of court to hear a case appealed from a lower court
remand
sending the case back to the lower court to be tried again
opinion
a detailed explanation of the legal thinking behind the courts
precedent
guidance to other judges by offering by a model upon which to base their own decision on similar cases
judicial review
court can review any federal, state, or local law or action
constitutional
allowed by the constitution
docket
calender
brief
a written document that explains one sides position on the case
majority opinion
mostly agreed
concurring opinion
different opinions
dissenting opinion
mostly disagree
stare decisis
let the decision stand
judicial activism
major decision that changes society
appeal
to ask for another opinion
writ of certiorari
order by a higher court directing a lower court