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Arts and Humanities
Public Speaking Chapter 9
Terms in this set (16)
The section of a speech that falls between the
introduction and the conclusion and contains the main part of the speech. This includes all the main points and the material that supports them
A speech organization pattern that explains cause-
and-effect relationships in which each main point is either an event that leads to a situation or a link in a chain of events between a catalyst and a final outcome.
categorical (topical) pattern
A speech organization pattern in which each main point emphasizes one of the most important aspects of the speaker's topic; often used if a speaker's topic doesn't easily conform to a spatial, temporal, causal, comparison, problem-cause-solution, criteria application, or narrative pattern.
chronological (temporal) pattern
A speech organization pattern in
which the speaker presents information in chronological order, from beginning to end, with each main point addressing a particular time within the chronology
A speech organization pattern that discusses the
similarities and differences between two events, objects, or situations; especially useful when comparing a new subject to one with which the audience is familiar.
A feature of a well-organized speech in which certain
points share the same level of significance. For example, each main point is coordinate with the other main points, each subpoint with the other subpoints, and each sub-subpoint with the other sub-subpoints.
A short list of ideas before a main point or subpoint
that quickly summarizes the points that will follow. Using an internal preview is akin to giving the audience an advance warning of what is to come
A quick review of what a speaker has just said in
a main point or subpoint, used to help an audience remember a particularly detailed point.
Key ideas that support a thesis and help an audience
understand and remember what is most important about a speaker's topic; main points are supported by subpoints
A word or phrase within a sentence that informs the audience about the direction and organization of a speech.
A speech organization pattern in which the main
points represent important aspects of a topic, thought of as adjacent to one another in location or geography. If a speaker were discussing historical sites in a state's three largest cities, he or she might use a spatial pattern of organization.
Ideas gathered from brainstorming and research that
explain, prove, and expand on a speech's main points
Ideas gathered from brainstorming or research that
explain, prove, and expand on a speech's subpoints.
A principle of speech outlining that dictates the hier-
archy in the relationship of main points and supporting materials. Each subpoint must support its corresponding main point, and each sub-subpoint must support its corresponding subpoint. In an outline, supporting points are written below and to the right of the point they support.
Examples, definitions, testimony, statistics, narratives, and analogies that support or illustrate a speaker's main points.
A sentence that smoothly connects one idea or part of a
speech to another
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