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The ability to see the connection between the larger world and our personal lives is what C. Wright Mills termed the
the branch of psychology that studies persons and their relationships with others and with groups and with society as a whole
The application of ideas about evolution and "survival of the fittest" to human societies - particularly as a justification for their imperialist expansion.
focuses on society as a set of interelated parts that work together to produce a stable social system. assumes society is held together through consensus
A sociological approach that assumes that social behavior is best understood in terms of conflict or tension between competing groups
focuses on everyday social interaction among individuals rather than on large societal structures such as politics and education
all the shared products of human groups;These products include both physical objects and the beliefs, values, and behaviors shared by a group.
are the common customs of everyday life;norms that do no have great moral significance attached to them.
have great moral significance attached to them; violation of ___endangers the well-being and stability of society.
Social scientists who attempt to keep an open mind toward cultural variation adopt an attitude of cultural
Some groups in society share values, norms, and behaviors that are not shared by the entire population. The unique cultural characteristics of these groups form a
a spontaneous expression of approval or disapproval given by an individual or a group
the situation called in which some aspects of a culture change less rapidly than other aspects of the same culture
a change in a persons behavior or opinions as a result of real or imagined pressure from a person or group of people
best describes the behavior of a person who is motivated by a desire to gain reward or avoid punishment
a response to social influence brought about by an individual desire to be like the influences
Traditional American values
personal achievement, equality & democracy,freedom,work,morality, progress & material comfort, efficiency & practicality, self fulfillment
range from simple folkways to very strict mores;a written rule of conduct that is enacted and enforced by the government
When a group rejects the values, norms, and practices of the larger society and replaces them with a new set of cultural patterns, the subculture that emerges is called a
The influence of Darwin led him to adopt a biological model of society. His work became known as social Darwinism
The people who own the means of production control society, according to ;He believed that society is divided between those who own the means of production and those who own only their labor
He believed that sociologists should study only those aspects of society that are directly observable; He saw shared beliefs and values as the glue that holds society together
status that is assigned according to standards that are beyond a person's control is called a
status that is obtained by an individual on the basis of some special skill, knowledge, or ability is called a
status that plays the greatest role in shaping a persons life and determining his or her social identity
socially determined behaviors expected of a person performing a role are called role
occurs when fulfilling the role expectations of one status makes it difficult to fulfill the role expectations of another status.
situation that occurs when a person has difficulty meeting the expectations of a single role
belief that people are motivated by self-interests in their interactions with other people
occurs when two or more persons or groups oppose each other to achieve a goal that only one can attain
the deliberate attempt to control by force, oppose, harm, or resist the will of another person or persons
occurs when two or more persons or groups work together to achieve a goal that will benefit many people
small group of ppl who interact over a relativity long period of time ona direct and personal basis
any group with whom individuals identify and whose attitudes and values they often adopt
theory of deviant behavior that views of deviance as the natural growth of the values, norms, and structure of society
any act that is labeled as such by those in authority is prohibited by law and is punishable by govt
white collar crime
crime committed by an individual or group of high social status in the course of their professional lives
the fact that police can choose when and when not to give tickets and punishment based on their own judgement
the practice of assuming non white americans are more likely to comming crimes than white Americans
the process of legal negotiation that allows an accused person to plead guilty to a lesser charge in return for a lighter sentence
Individuals who share a common cultural background and a common sense of identity are known as an
catergory of ppl who share inherited physical characteristics and who are percieved by others as being a distinct group
a catergory of people who share physical characteristics or cultural practices that result in the group being denied equal treatment.
the belief that one's own race or ethnic group is naturally superior to other races or ethnic
The practice of placing blame for one's troubles on an innocent individual or group is called
The blending of culturally distinct groups into a single group with a common culture and identity is called
elaboration likelihood model
the theory that there are two ways in which persuasive communications can cause attitude change
a situation in which ppl elaborate on a persuasive communication listen carefully to ones thinking (facts)
if the source of communication is both expert and trustworthy she or he is likely to have an impact on the beliefs of the audience
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