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Early Christian and Byzantine Art

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The 3 Hebrew Youths in the Fiery furnace, Early Christian catacomb fresco, early 3rd Century
3 Hebrews who refused to worship idols were put in fire and saved by faith leads to salvation
Rising of Lazarus, Early Christian catacomb fresco, late 3rd Century
Christ as the Good Shepherd, Early Christian catacomb fresco, early 4th Century
Christ who cares for his sheep risen christ as orpheus
Christ risen as Orpheus, Early Christian Catacomb fresco, 3rd Century
Sarcophagus of Junius Bassus, Marble, ca. 359
Covered with high-relief sculpture new testament and old testament. Abraham sacrificing Issac quickly a subject of christian art. Notion of reluctance to depict God. Fish symbol of Jesus Christ. Lambs symbol because of Peacocks symbol of eternal life
Good Shepard, Marble sculpture, late 3rd Century
Reconstruction Model of Old St.Peter's begun ca. 320
Erected by Constantine, the first imperial patron of Christianity, this huge church stood over Saint Peter's grave. The buildings plan and elevation derive from those of Roman Basilicas, not pagan temples
Plan and section of Santa Costanza, Rome, ca. 337-351
Centralized Plan, plan of church is a circle/ like the Pantheon
Constantine patron of the church
Particularly used for moslueam
serve as a burial place for him and his family
Circle a symbol of infinity
Funerary purposes
Interior of Santa Costanza, Rome ca. 337-351
Icon of Virgin (Theotokos) and Child between Saints Theodore and George, painting, 6th or early 7th century
Miracle working image mother of God Between 2 Saints and 2 angles frontal* people got freaked about this idolatry b/c praying to image=iconoclastic controversy- belief that worshiping an image is scacreligous conservative people opposed ca. 726-843 many icons were destroyed
Plan of Hagia Sophia
Anthemius of Tralles & Isidorus of Miletus, Interior of Hagia Sophia, Istanbul (Constantinople), 532-537
Anthemius of Tralles and Isidorus of Miletus, Exterior of Hagia Sophia, Istanbul (Constantinople), 532-537
Mary between Justinian and Constantine, mosaic Hagia Sophia, Istanbul(Constantinople), 535-537
Christ as the Good Shepard, lunette mosic, Mausoleum of Galla Placidia, Ravenna, ca 425
Depicting Christ as the good shepard more symbolic than actual narratives, dressed in garbot Roman Emperor Gold and Purple robes holds a cross and has a halo, naturalistic setting landscape surrounded by 6 sheep reminds of sacrifice of cross. sheep grouped in 3 to symbolize trinity/ decorates burial place
Baptism of Christ, dome(cupola) mosaic, Arian Baptistery, Ravenna, ca.520
Apostoles standing around prephery
John the Baptist standing towards left
Anotmical treatement naturalistc he is the river god pagen how during early centuries 6th century still carry over from -dove of holy spirit
relentess push towards naturalism
San Vitale, Ravenna: Exterior, 526-547
Plan of San Vitale
Interior Views of San Vitale, 526-547
Windows filled with albastor filled with mosaics centralized plan
wonderful carvings of capitals whole thing filled with mosiacs
Byzantine
The Mystic Lamb, apse vault mosaic, San Vitale, ca. 547
Justinian, Archbishop Maximianus of Ravenna, and attendents, apse mosiac, San vitale, ca. 547
Theodora and Attendants, apse mosaic, San Vitale, ca. 547
Christ as Pantokrator, mosaic in central dome, Church of the Dormition, Daphni, Greece, ca. 1090-1100
Annunciation mosiac, Church of the Dormition, Daphi, Greece, ca. 1090-1100
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