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23 terms

Ch. 22 AP US History WHS

Throughout the 1920s, the performance of the U.S. economy
A. saw ten straight years of continuous growth
B. struggled with a persistent high rate of inflation
C. saw per capita income flatten while manufacturing output soared
D. saw nearly uninteruppted prosperity coupled with severe inequalities
E. experienced a severe recession in 1923
During the 1920s, airplanes
A. experienced a great increase in commercial travel
B. had no practical use
C. were used almost exclusively for military purposes
D. saw the development of the first experimental jet engines
E. were largely a source of entertainment
During the 1920s, Thomas Hunt Morgan was one of the American pioneers in
A. analog computers
B. genetic research
C. automation
D. robotics
E. relativistic physics
During the 1920s, a great worry for industrialists was the fear of
A. the overproduction of goods
B. a shortage in the number of skilled workers
C. the rising bargaining power of labor unions
D. a shortage of consumer credit
E. inflation
In the 1920s, "welfare capitalism"
A. encouraged employees to form single-industry labor unions
B. was a paternalistic approach used by corporate leaders on their workers
C. gave workers a measure of control over their industry
D. required corporations to provide some relief for unemployed
E. forced workers to donate much of their salaries to the less fortunate
During the 1920s, when $1,800 was considered the minimum annual income for a decent standard of living, the average annual income of a worker was approximately,
A. $700
B. $1,100
C. $1,500
D. $1,900
E. $2,400
In the workplace, the "open shop" meant
A. no worker was required to join a union
B. skilled workers were required to join a craft union
C. labor unions had the right to organize that particular industry
D. workers had no right to join a union
E. workers would be allowed to come and go as they pleased
During the 1920s, all of the following immigrant groups were increasing their presence in the labor force in the West and Southwest EXCEPT the
A. Filipinos
B. Chinese
C. Japanese
D. Mexicans
E. Issei
In the 1920s, the idea of agricultural "party" was
A. to match crop production with demand
B. to ensure farmers would at least financially break even
C. strongly opposed by Congress
D. to equalize the average farmer income with the average industrial worker income
E. invalidated by the passage of the McNary-Haugen Bill
In the 1920, the first commercial radio station to broadcast in the U.S. was in
A. Cleveland
B. New York City
C. Philidelphia
D. Pittsburgh
E. Chicago
In the 1920s, a growing interest in birth control among middle-class women resulted from
A. the desire to delay childbirth to pursue a career outside of the home
B. the attitude that sexual activity should not be for procreation only
C. the desire to maintain a rigid, Victorian female "respectability"
D. both the desire to delay childbirth to pursue a career outside of the home, and the attitude that sexual activity should not be for procreation only
E. All of the above
In the 1920s, the "flapper" lifestyle
A. had a particular impact on lower middle-class and single women
B. was largely reserved for upper-class women
C. was largely rejected by upper-class women
D. was simply a clothing fad
E. was applauded by most progressive suffragists
The Sheppard-Tower Act of 1921
A. promoted the establisment of daycare centers for the children of working women
B. provided federal funds for child health-care programs
C. was criticized for promotion of birth control
D. was promoted by the American Medical Association
E. was promoted by the National Women's Party
In the 1925 novel, The Great Gatsby, F. Scott Fitzgearld
A. glorified wealthy Americans as examples of the "success ethic"
B. ridiculed the hypocritical behavior of some in evangelical religion
C. satirized the inequalities in American politics
D. criticized the American obsession with material wealth
E. dramatized the plight of midwestern farmers
In the 1920s, the "noble experiment" referred to
A. the equal rights amendment for women
B. laws to restrict child labor
C. political isolationism
D. female suffrage
E. the prohibition of alcohol
During the 1920s, the greatest sustained support for the 18th Amendment came from
A. middle-class progressives
B. rural Protestants
C. urban workers
D. immigrants
E. Catholics
During the 1920s, the Ku Klux Klan
A. was largely centered in the South
B. was focused on intimidating African Americans
C. opposing the existing diversity of American society
D. officially renounced the use of violence
E. was a male-only organization
As a result of the Scopes Trial of 1925,
A. John Scopes was found innocent
B. fundamentalists reduced their participation in political activism
C. the conflict fundamentalists and modernists subsided
D. anti-evolution were repealed in most other states
E. William Jennings Bryan decided to run for president one more time
All of the following statements regarding Al Smith are true EXCEPT
A. he was a progressive Democratic governor
B. he was supported by Tammany Hall
C. he lost the 1924 election to William McAdoo
D. saw his administration end with defeat for reelection in 1924
E. he won the 1928 Democratic nomination
As president, Warren G. Harding
A. never abandoned the party hacks who had brought him to success
B. sought a revival of progressive reform
C. proposed the U.S. join the League of Nations
D. saw his administration end with defeat for reelection in 1924
E. had no sense of his own intellectual limits
Warren Harding and Calvin Coodlidge were similar in
A. their passive approach to presidency
B. ethics
C. their personalities
D. both their personalities and the passive approach in the presidency
E. None of the above
Throughout the 1920s, the federal government
A. isolated itself from the business community
B. supported the rights of workers to organize in unions
C. experienced a decrease in his budget yet an increase in the debt
D. saw leaders of business take prominent positions in the federal governments
E. saw an increase in the budget and the national debt
As secretary of commerce, Herbert Hoover considered himself
A. a champion of business cooperation
B. a believer in passive government
C. a paragon of conservative America
D. an internationalist in the tradition of Woodrow Wilson
E. an enemy of wealth and privilege