Expansion, Crisis, and Reform
Terms in this set (55)
1803 purchase of the Louisiana territory from France, doubling the size of the US.
War of 1812
Fought between the US and England regarding trade, proves America's recently gained independence.
Declared that Europe should not interfere in the affairs of the Western Hemisphere.
1800s belief that Americans had the right to spread across the continent.
7th President of the US who is responsible for both expanding democracy and the "Trail of Tears".
Indian Removal Act
Authorized Jackson to negotiate treaties enact forcible emigration of thousands of American Indians to OK.
Trail of Tears
800-mile forced march, resulting in the deaths of almost 1/4 of the Cherokee people.
Warcester V Georgia
Supreme Court ruling the set the precedent that government did not have jurisdiction over reservations, which was openly defied by the Executive Branch.
A machine for cleaning the seeds from cotton fibers, invented by Eli Whitney.
Missouri Compromise (30th Parallel)
Determined whether the Missouri territory would enter the Union as a Free State or a Slave State, maintaining balance in Congress and preventing violent conflict.
US Mexican War
Conflict that begin over our nations southern boundary, resulting in an American victory and the acquisition of 500,000 square miles of land/territory.
Bill that proposed the ban of slavery in the territories acquired after the War with Mexico.
Belief that the people of a territory should determine if they want to be a Slave State or a Free State.
A person who wanted to end (abolish) slavery.
Escaped slave and abolitionist who became the most famous conductor on the Underground Railroad.
Helped enslaved African Americans follow a network of escape routes out of the South to freedom in the North.
California Gold Rush
Mass migration to California following the discovery of gold in 1848.
Great Compromise of 1850
Permitted CA to enter the Union as a Free State and prevented the Civil War for 10 more years.
Fugitive Slave Act
Permitted the arrest of escaped slaves in areas where slavery was illegal, requiring return without trial. Crime to aid escapees.
Dred Scott Decision
Supreme Court decision that deemed the Missouri Compromise unconstitutional, declared slaves to be "property" not citizens.
Railway extending from coast to coast, fueling expansion and sectional crisis.
Gave the people in those territories the right to chose to be a free or slave state through popular sovereignty.
Violent events involving abolitionists and pro-Slavery elements that took place in Kansas-Nebraska Territory.
Well-known abolitionist who used violence to stop slavery immediately.
Formation of the Republican Party
Began in opposition to the Kansas-Nebraska Act and against the spread of slavery to territories.
Election of 1860
Republicans elected because of a split Democratic vote, leading to Southern secession.
Election in 1860 sparked southern secession and the Civil War.
To formal withdraw from the Union.
Military base in South Carolina and site of the first battle of the Civil War.
Southern states that seceded during the Civil War
States between the north and the south.
President of the Confederate States of America during the Civil War.
Union war plan, called for control of the coasts & Mississippi River to "suffocate" the south & limit deaths.
Robert E. Lee
Confederate General during the Civil War.
Issued by Lincoln as a military strategy to weaken the South by "freeing" their slave labor.
Ulysses S. Grant
General of the Union Army during the Civil War.
Union General who destroyed South through Total War tactics.
All-out war that affects civilians at home as well as soldiers in combat.
Where Robert E. Lee surrendered to Ulysses S. Grant in 1865, ending the Civil War.
Constitutionally abolished slavery.
Rebuilding of the South after the Civil War
Lincoln's reconstruction plan that allowed the South to rejoin the Union when 10% of the 1860 voting population took a loyalty oath.
Moderate plan for reconstruction calling for a 50% "Iron Clad" oath of allegiance.
Extreme plan for reconstruction that called for the punishment of Confederate leaders, and the establishment of the Republican party in the South through African American voting rights.
Provided rations, clothing, shelter, education to millions of freed slaves following the war.
John Wilkes Booth
Southern extremest and sympathizer who assassinated Abraham Lincoln.
Lincoln's DEMOCRATIC Vice President from Tennessee who assumed office following the assignation and implemented the 10% plan.
Southern laws designed to restrict the rights of the newly freed black slaves.
Written in response to the Black Codes, ensuring African American citizenship.
A formal document charging a public official with misconduct in office (not yet a withdrawal)
First African American elected to a Southern Senate seat during Radical Reconstruction (as of 2015 it has yet to happen again).
Slang term meaning "Dirty Dog" and meant to intimidate Southerners from working towards Radical Reconstruction.
Ku Klux Klan. Initially formed to terrorize African Americans, Northern Republicans, and progressive Southerners.
Compromise of 1877
Granted Republican Hayes the Presidency in exchange for the removal of Union troops in the South (ending Radical Reconstruction).
Used following Radical Reconstruction by former slave owners to rent portions of their land to former slaves at minimal cost.