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12 terms

Pronunciation and stuff

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tone unit
a word or group of words in an utterance that contain a complete pitch pattern
prominence
the idea that there are main stresses in a tone unit
nucleus (tonic syllable)
the main stress in a tone unit
onset
another prominent syllable which may precede the nucleus
head
the part of a tone unit that starts with the onset and goes upto, but not including, the nucleus
tail
everything after the nucleus
pre-head
all the non-stressed syllables before the onset
proclaiming tone
tone for new information - fall, or rise-fall, e.g. When does she arrive? (genuine question)
referring tone
tone for shared information, e.g. When does she arrive? (checking information)
oblique tone
tone not concerned with communicating meaning - fall, recitation, reading aloud
attitudinal intonation
intonation that shows how the speaker feels
grammatical intonation
intonation due to grammatical forms and meaning