Inventing Civilization: African Societies
Terms in this set (27)
The strip of dry grasslands in Africa along the southern border of the Sahara; also known as "the shore of the desert"
One of the largest deserts in Africa, located in the North (also Kalahari in South)
(Of groups of people) tending to travel and change settlements frequently; in Africa, these hunter-gatherer tribes followed the animals they hunted and carried tents with them
The belief that spirits are present in animals, plants, and other natural objects.
A west African storyteller
The earliest known African culture/people; lived in what is now Nigeria
The oldest known city in sub-Saharan Africa; located on the Niger River; capital of Nok and a large trade center
A permanent move from one country or region to another
The speakers of a related group of languages who migrated from West Africa into most of the southern half of Africa
The second African Empire in the East along the Red Sea. Important trading state and became a center of Christianity under Ezana's rule
The main trading port in the Aksum Empire. It was located on the Red Sea and it was very diverse because of all the people that came and traded their goods while spreading their ideas and religions
The king of Aksum who conquered the Kush and converted his territory to Christianity. The strong leader brought Aksum to its height under his reign.
A piece of sloped plane (mountain, hill) that has been cut into a series of successively receding flat surfaces or platforms, which resemble steps, for the purposes of more effective farming
A tall vertical structure of stone, wood, or metal, used as a support for a building, or as an ornament or monument. In Africa, this unique form of architecture became common, where carved stones fit together tightly
A monotheistic religion that developed in Arabia. It is based on the teachings of the prophet Muhammed and stresses belief in one god (Allah)
The passing of songs, stories, and poems from generation to generation by word of mouth
A West African kingdom that grew rich from taxing and controlling trade. It acted as intermediary between Arab and Berber salt traders to the north and gold and ivory producers to the south. It was the first of many empires in Africa and a supplier of gold
A West African empire that flourished and grew rich from trade. The empire controlled trade routes that stretched from the edge of the Sahara in the north to forests in the south and that carried gold and other luxuries. Name means "where the king dwells"
Mali trading city that became a center of wealth and learning, especially Islamic learning. It had outstanding mosques and universities
Mali's first great leader, he came to power after crushing a cruel, unpopular leader
Ruler of Mali. His pilgrimage through Egypt to Mecca established the empire's reputation for wealth in the Mediterranean world. He brought Mali to its peak of power and wealth he was the most powerful king in west Africa. He built mosques and supported preaching of Muslim holy men
A Moroccan Muslim scholar, traveler, & historian who visited most Islamic cities & wrote accounts of his visits to Islamic lands; most widely traveled individual of his time
The largest West African empire that conquered Mali and controlled trade
A West African people who spoke a common language and formed several kingdoms. The largest two were Ife and Oyo
A kingdom that arose near the Niger River delta and became a major West African state
The written language of Aksum that was once used to write literature and religious texts but is no longer spoken
A group of people descended from a common
ancestor who traveled together
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