An election option such as the initiative or referendum that enables voters to enact public policy.
Closed Modified Primary
A primary election in which a party may allow members of another political affiliation to participate in their election.
Conventional Political Participation
Political participation that attempts to influence the political process through well-accepted , often moderate forms of persuasion.
Representatives of each state who cast the final ballots that actually elect a president.
Election in which voters decide which candidates will actually fill elective public offices.
The legislative process through which the majority party in each statehouse tries to assure that the maximum number of representatives from its political party can be elected to congress through the redrawing of legislative districts.
A command, indicated by an electorate's votes, for the elected officials to carry out their platforms.
A primary in which party members, independents, and sometimes members of the other party are allowed to vote.
The reallocation of the number of seats in the House of Representatives after each decennial census.
Redrawing congressional districts to reflect increases or decreases in seats allotted to the states as well as population shifts within a state.
An election whereby the state legislature submits proposed legislation to the state's voters for approval.
A proposed system in which the country would be divided into five or six geographic areas and alll states in each region would hold their presidential primary elections on the same day.
A second primary election between the two candidates receiving the greatest number of votes in the first primary.
Delegate slot to the Democratic party's national convention that is reserved for an elected party official.
Voting for candidates of different parties for various offices in the same election.
Unconventional Political Participation
Political participation that attempts to influence the political process through unusual or extreme measures, such as protests, boycotts, and picketing.