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20 terms

Civil Rights Vocabulary for Final Exam

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slaves
are people who are owned by other people and forced to work for no pay
plantation
a large farm
Underground Railroad
a secret trail, a network of people and places, that abolitionists made and used to help slaves escape to freedom
resistance
not cooperating with something you believe to be wrong or unfair
abolitionists
people who believed that slavery should be ended
discrimination
actions taken that treat people unfairly and unequally because of their color, religion, gender, physical disability, or sexual preference
prejudice
judging something or someone before you have enough information, especially judging a person based on race, religion, gender, physical disability, or sexual preference
segregation
a practice that separated blacks and whites
Jim Crow laws
that did not allow African Americans to enjoy the same privileges and services as white Americans
boycott
a nonviolent way of refusing to buy goods or services
civil rights
equal protection under the law
Rosa Parks
the woman arrested in 1955 for refusing to give up her seat on a bus to a white man and whose action led to the Montgomery, Alabama bus boycott.
boycott
refusal by people to buy or to use a product
Martin Luther King, Jr.
an important leader in the Civil Rights Movement
civil rights
fair and equal treatment of all under the law
Malcolm X
another important leader in the Civil Rights Movement
nonviolent action
the peaceful method of resistance adopted for the Civil Rights Movement by Martin Luther King Jr., and based on the teachings of Mohandas Gandhi of India
heritage
traditions passed on to future generations
justice
the quality of being fair
injustice
the quality of being unfair