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27 terms

IT

STUDY
PLAY
is a major challenge in expanding the global reach of information systems
Technology transfer issues
Infrastructure challenges
Time and distance challenges
A decision support system is an organized collection of people, procedures, software, databases, and devices that provides routine information to managers and decision makers.
False
By adding a significant amount of value to their products and services, organizations ensure that they will exceed budgets and generate income losses.
False
Neural networks give the computer the ability to make suggestions and function like an expert in a particular field, helping enhance the performance of a novice users.
False
Which of the following statements is true about the characteristics of a highly competitive industry ____.
there tend to be more firms seeking competitive advantage
____ include(s) all the people who manage, run, program, and maintain the system, including the CIO, who manages the IS department.
Hardware operators
In information systems, ____ is used to make changes to input or processing activities.
feedback
A(n) ____ is an organized collection of people, procedures, software, databases, and devices that support problem-specific decision making.
DSS
The systems development organization focuses solely on the development of new information systems and seldom becomes involved in maintenance and review of information systems.
False
____ involves computers understanding and acting on verbal or written commands in English, Spanish, or other human languages.
Artificial intelligence
____ helps determine what supplies are required for the value chain, what quantities are needed to meet customer demand, how the supplies should be manufactured into finished goods and services, and how the shipment of supplies and products to customers should be scheduled, monitored, and controlled.
supply chain management
A CBIS is a single set of hardware, software, databases, telecommunications, people, and procedures configured to collect, manipulate, store, and process data into information.
True
Another name for a Web log is ____.
blog
Using ____, you can download audio programs or music from the Internet to play on computers or music players.
podcasting
The ____ display monitor uses the least amount of power
OLED
The overall trend in secondary storage devices is toward use of direct access methods, higher capacity, and increased volatility.
False
____ are the most powerful computers with the fastest processing speed and highest performance.
Supercomputers
Solid state storage devices store data in memory chips rather than magnetic or optical media and require less power to operate while providing slower data access than magnetic data storage devices.
False
Literally thousands of programming languages have been developed, but only ____ are commonly used today.
a couple
The ability of a computer to handle an increasing number of concurrent users smoothly is called multitasking.
False
___ is a standardized data manipulation language developed in the 1970s that allows programmers to use one powerful language and use it on a variety of systems.
SQL
An attribute is a general class of people, places, or things for which data is collected, stored, and maintained.
False
A database provides one of many points of management and control over data resources.
False
Data centers are approaching the point of automation, where they can run and manage themselves while being monitored remotely in a "lights out" environment.
True
The DBMS organizes the data independently of the application program, so the application is not affected by the location or type of data. This is an example of ____.
data and program independence
With ____, the database is stored on a service provider's server and accessed by the client over a network, typically the Internet.
Oracle
A database is a collection of integrated and related ____.
files