List 2 major functions of the respiratory system:
*Oxygenation of blood
*Removal of body's waste products in the form of carbon dioxide
The lower respiratory system is responsible for ________ from the upper respiratory system.
When cilia permits particles to enter the respiratory system (due to damage), the particles _________ to produce a disease process.
Oxygen attaches to the __________ molecules in the red blood cells to circulate to various tissue throughout the body; the is considered ________ respiration.
The _____ and ______ muscles are stimulated to contract, causing the lungs to ______.
diaphragm; intercostal; increase/expand (fill with air)
Irregular thickening of linear chest markings due to excessive viscous mucus is the radiographic appearance in _________.
consists of lipoproteins and provides the proper surface tension in the alveoli, allowing full external respirations
____ and _____ neck images best demonstrate a rounded thickening of the epiglottic shadow in the disorder called Epiglottitis.
soft tissue (AP) and lateral
A lung abscess appears as a _______ density characteristically having a ______________ periphery.
spherical; hazy, poorly defined
A bacterium that is rod-shaped with a waxy coat allowing it to live outside the body for an extended time
Pulmonary infiltration(s), most commonly in the periphery of the parenchyma, that may resemble pneumonia are the radiographic appearance of __________.
Respiratory syncytial virus is responsible for the increased rate of _________ infections because of the ability of the virus to persist on surfaces for many hours.
Emphysema, chronic bronchitis, and asthma are examples of:
COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease)
In ________, the lung reacts to occupational exposure of silica, which results in extensive fibrosis.
____________ causes peripheral atelectasis and pneumonitis due to bronchial obstruction.
An abnormal vascular communication between the pulmonary artery and pulmonary vein is a pulmonary _________ _________.
air-bronchogram is the radiographic appearance due to immature lung development
hyaline membrane disease
diseases caused by prolonged occupational exposure to irritating particulates causing interstitial inflammation
hereditary disease noted for secreting excessive viscous mucus by all endocrine glands
several conditions in which chronic obstruction of the airways leads to ineffective external respiration
COPD - Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
this disease has four primary radiographic appearances: Infiltrates, Hilar enlargement, Ghon lesions, and Pleural effusion
virus causing necrosis of the respiratory epithelium in the lower respiratory system
Respiratory syncytial virus
widespread narrowing of airways caused by an increased response of the tracheobronchial tree to various allergens
Diagnostic tests for the respiratory system include:
*Pulmonary function test
List some imaging considerations for chest x-ray:
*Technical factors (110-120kvp)
*Move scapulas out of way
*10 posterior ribs
What is the proper placement for the tip of a central venous pressure line?
in the distal superior vena cava just below the right atrium
List 4 treatments for Cystic fibrosis:
*Respiratory physical therapy
What is the radiographic appearance of Hyaline membrane disease?
finely granular appearance, "ground glass" and atelectasis
Which side is mostly affected in Aspiration Pneumonia? Why?
the right side, because the bifurcation of the lungs is straighter and wider on the right side
Why is the lordotic projection useful in evaluation of Tuberculosis?
to get the clavicles out of the way in order to check for lesions that are most common in the apical region