80 terms

AP Euro Chapter 22+23

Review for the Test
In the 1830s, the most technologically advanced country in the world was
Which of the following was a period of falling real wages for English Workers
The first large factories produced
cotton textiles
which of the following was most likely to characterize a cottage worker?
Worked at his or her own pace
All of the following were reasons for why britain was the first to industrialize except
britain had a domestic market with many local protective barriers
The energy crisis of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries was solved by reliance on
coal and steam
according to Friedrich List, the promotion of industry
was vital for the defense of the nation
The most significant technological advance made during the industrial Revolution was the
steam engine
Which of the following was passed by the british parliament to outlaw unions and strikes
The combination acts
The industrial revolution if France
lagged behind that of Britain
The growth of the railroad caused all of the following except
an increase in the demand for cottage industry goods
The first continental country to industrialize was
The industrial development of continental Europe was delayed by
The french Revolution and Napoleonic wars
Before the 1830s, the
family continued to work as a unit in the factories
The british workers' campaign to gain the franchise between 1838 adn 1848 was called the
Chartist movement
Which of the following was not characteristic of Robert Owen
He was a scholar who wanted to implement his socialist ideas
The first factories were
textile mills
The early industrialists in Britain very often were
quakers and scots
Workers who smashed the machines that put them out of work were known as
William Cockerill's cotton-spinning plant in Belgium was controversial because
he had illegally exported technology from Britain
By the end of the nineteenth century large decreases in per capital industrial levels had occured in
For women, the industrial revolution
caused them to be confined to low-paying, dead-end jobs
It appears that during the industrial Revolution in Britain, the gross national product
rose more rapidly than the per capita consumption of goods.
Which of the following people was part of the romantic movement of the nineteenth century?
George Sand
Th british corn laws were passed to give economic advantage to the
landed aristocracy
The term dual revolution refers to
an economic and political revolution
Which of the following statements about the peace settlement worked out at the congress of vienna is true
Belgium and holland were united, and prussia received territory on France's eastern border
The problemn that almost led to war among the major powers in 1815 was
Russian and Prussian territorial demands
The demand of the English Chartists was for
universal male suffrage
The proposed Holy alliance consisted of
Austria, Russia, and Prussia
Metternich's conservative policies prevailed in
central Europe
Adam smith would have been likely to agree that
Increased competition benefits all classes of society
The vienna peace settlement was largely the product of
one of the most influential french utopian socialists was
The count de saint-simon
In 1848, great revolutions occured in all of the following countries except
great britain
After the peace settlement of Vienna there were
thirty-eight independent german states, including austria and prussia.
Those conservatives who opposed liberal thought would have supported
legally separated classes
In his writings, Karl Marx drew heavily on the ideas of
Hegel, especially the dialectic process of history.
The first great nationalist rebellion of the 1820s involved the
greeks against the turks
The english corn laws prohibited
the importing of foreign grain unless the price of british grain reached harvest disaster prices.
The english reform bill of 1832 provided for
representation in parliament for the new industrial areas
Generally, the revolution of 1848 resulted in
a consolidation of moderate nationalistic middle classes
as a result of the peace settlement of 1814-15,
France was restored to its 1792 boundaries
After 1815, poland was
annexed to Russia
Charles Fourier advocated all of the following except
marriage as a foundation of liberal society
Romaticism originated in
britain and germany
Marx believed that the key to understanding history is
class stuggle
The austrian empire and austrian society were dominated by which of the following ethnic groups?
At the congress of vienna, the victorious allies
were guided by the principle of the balance of power
The allied powers at the congress of vienna were determined to
avoid the creation of hostility and resentment in France
The holy alliance included
austria, russia, and prussia
which of the following events happened first
the holy alliance is formed
The carlsbad decrees
instituted repressive measures in the german confederation
why did Klemens von Metternich, as austrian foreign minister, have to oppose the spread of nationalism in Europe
austria was a multiethnic empire, and the spread of nationalism among its different ethnic groups threatened to dissolve the empire
The demands of liberalism included all of the following except
social welfare reform
Metternich believed that _________ was responsible for the warfare and bloodshed of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centures
Which of the following was not part of the austrian empire in 1815?
In their war of independence against the ottoman empire, the Greeks ultimately won the support of
Great Britain, France, and Russia
Early french socialists believed in all of the following except
violent class warfare
which french socialist participated in the provisional government formed in paris after the february 1848 abdication of King Louis Philippe?
Louis Blanc
According to the text, one of Karl Marx's most important criticism of the French utopian socialists was that
their appeals to the wealthy to help the poor were naive
Karl Marx argued that socialism would be established
by violent revolution
The doctrine of laissez faire holds that there should be
as little government intervention in the economy as possible
According to Joseph proudhon, property was
profit stolen from workers
Count henri de Saint-Simon believed that
the key to progress was proper social organization
According to Henri de Saint-Simon, society's parasites included all of the following except
Eugene Delacroix's greatest masterpiece celebrated the
nobility of popular revolution
Romanticism was, in part, a rejection of
According to Marx, the driving force in history was the
economic relationship between classes
The veliefs and aspirations of the romantics included all of the following except
rejection of nature
The battle of peterloo refers to
the parliamentary debates over laws to limit child labor
Lord Byron died
fighting for Greek independence
The most important factor influencing the peaceful midcentury reforms in great britain was
political competition between the aristocracy and the middle class
Marx's theory of historical evolution was built on the philosophy of
The winners of the Revolution in 1830 in France were the
All of the following were causative factors of the Revolution of 1848 in Paris except
the closing of the national workshops
the act that precipitated the Revolution of 1830 in paris was
Charles X's repudiation of the constitutional charter
The revolutions of 1848 began in
After austria, _______ was the most important german state
The national assembly that met in Frankfur in 1848 was made up of all of the following except
labor union leaders