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Medical terminology Final exam
Terms in this set (197)
The physician who specializes in discovering the cause of a disease process and traces its spread is a/n
The measurement of loudness of a sound is measured in units of _______.
The specialized structures of the eyelid that secrete sebum to keep the eyelid moist are called ________.
The glaucoma medications that work to decrease the production of intraocular fluid are the ________.
A patient who has motion sickness might be treated with medication worn as a patch, which is ________.
Transderm Scop (scopolamine
The correct term that means the uterus is tipped forward (verted) is
A patient with recurrent ear infections would like be referred to a/n ________ specialist.
The medical term for "dry eye" or dryness of the conjunctiva is ________.
The patient presents with a fever, has a rapid pulse, and was observed to vomit twice in the examining room. This would be noted in the _________ section of the SOAP note.
The suffix -ptosis means
The purpose of using abbreviations and acronyms is to
The purpose of using abbreviations and acronyms is to
Scraping away of skin, such as from a scratch or "skinned elbow" is called a/an
The prefix that refers to the first is
A patient with a kidney stone could be treated with lithotripsy. The suffix -tripsy means
crush or fragment
A patient takes Benadryl and becomes sleepy. The sleepiness is considered a/n ________ of the medication.
The test used for evaluation of the orbit for lesions and to measure for intraocular lenses is ________.
The document in a medical record that indicates that a patient has been informed of all the risks, benefits, and alternatives of a procedure is called the ________.
informed consent form
The medical term for earwax is ________.
A ringing, buzzing, or roaring sound in one or both ears is called ________.
The term that refers to something splitting into two forks or branches is
HIPAA primarily addresses
standards for documentation,handling, and privacy of PHI
An acronym for measurement of cardiovascular function is
Word parts for the tongue include both lingu/o and
A patient with extra or many fingers (dactyly) has
In looking at the presentation format, the example of a prefix is
Of the following, the diminutive suffix is
The suffix -genesis has approximately the same meaning as the suffix
The plural of the term ovum is
Bone and cartilage are types of ________ tissue.
In combining forms, the vowel that is used most commonly is
The suffix -genesis is a
compound suffix that means to form or produce
A patient with viral conjunctivitis would likely be treated with ________.
The medical term that means pertaining to organs is correctly spelled
The body plane that divides the body into anterior and posterior parts is the frontal or ________ plane.
the nails are composed of
A man with rheumatoid arthritis would likely NOT be prescribed a/an ________ as a treatment modality
If a patient falls forward and catches herself on an outstretched hand, the trauma to the radius is called a ________ fracture
During fracture healing, there may be an increase in ________.
To move a body part away from the midline (like raising your straightened arm from your side toward your head) is _________.
When a fracture shatters into multiple pieces, it is said to be a/n __________ fracture.
A pressure ulcer is also known as a/n _________ ulcer
A patient presents with a painful sunburn with reddened skin. He would likely use a/n __________ medication
inflammation of the bone marrow is correctly spelled
At the base of the cervical vertebra C7, next would come
The structures that primarily lubricate and hydrate the hair and skin are the
The "true skin" that contains nerve endings and blood supply is the
the male pelvis is shaped as more of a
the skin produces
Hair around the eyes, nose, and ears serves primarily to
protect from and filter out foreign matter
The cuticle of the nail is the
The fibrous vascular wrapping of a bone is the
The correct spelling of the term for a scar left after healing of a wound is
A patient presents with a large boil, with pus draining from the opening. It is quite raised, inflamed, and has surrounding erythema. The physician would likely do a/n _________.
If someone is watching a tennis match and her head is going back and forth, to right and left, this is an example of ___________.
The type of fracture that occurs at the ankle and includes the tibia and fibula is a _________ fracture.
The procedure in which a needle is introduced into a joint in order to remove fluid or to inject medication is a/n __________.
The parts of the skeletal system that function in blood cell hematopoiesis are the
The blood test that is used to diagnose certain disease conditions as indicated by red blood cell reaction is the
erythrocyte sedimentation rate
The male pelvis
has a narrower outlet
Additional terms for blister are __________ and bleb.
he hip and pubic arch of the pelvis is formed by the ilium, ischium, and the _________.
To turn the foot in an outward motion is ________
The skeleton provides the framework of the body. The axial skeleton includes the ________.
ribs and sternum
A malignant tumor of the bone is a/an
The muscle tissue is supplied with oxygen and nutrients from
blood and lymphatic fluids
There are ________ main pairs of salivary glands in the mouth.
Teeth that have the primary function of cutting, with sharp edges for biting, are the ________.
Food is changed to a semiliquid material call chyme, which happens in the
In the elderly, the digestive system changes include muscle contractions becoming weaker and a reduction of glandular secretions of digestive enzymes. There is also a/n ________.
atrophy of the mucosal lining, reducing the ability to absorb nutrients
Specialized cells that do not have direct nervous system stimulation but still produce stimulation for contraction of muscles are ________.
The tissue at the back of the soft palate that hangs down and separates the oropharynx from the nasopharynx is the
A patient who has difficulty coordinating his muscle movements while walking is said to have a gait _______
Smooth muscles ________.
have slow contractions such as moving food down the digestive system
A patient suspected to have decreased levels of HCl and atrophic gastritis would likely have a/n ________.
Shivering is a repeated relaxation and contraction of skeletal muscle groups, the purpose of which is to ________.
The pulp cavity receives nerves and blood vessels through the _________.
The test in which the examiner gently taps the subpatellar region with a percussion hammer is to evaluate the ________.
In elderly patients with decreased stomach acid production, the medication that protects the stomach mucosa without inhibiting stomach acid release is ________.
The walls of the blood vessels are made of ________ muscle.
The gomphosis is the ________.
articulation that binds the tooth to the bone of the maxilla and mandible
A wide, thin, sheetlike tendon is known as a/n
The fibrous sheath that surrounds the muscle fibers is the
Muscular development in neonates and infants progresses from ________.
head to foot
The teeth that have the primary function of grinding food into smaller parts are the ________.
A postprandial blood test must be taken ________.
after a meal
A patient who has chronic dyspepsia and heartburn would likely be worked up for suspicion of ________.
The correct spelling of the word that means a muscle that lacks tone or is weak or soft is ________.
A patient who has been prescribed skeletal muscle relaxants must be warned about possible side effects, particularly including ________.
drowsiness or dizziness
To be lying in a position where you are lying on your stomach, face downward, is the ________ position.
The diagnostic test for anterior poliomyelitis would be a/an ________.
aldolase (ALD) blood test
Muscle groups that directly counteract each other (one has to relax if the other contracts) are ________.
The organ that stores vitamins B12, A, D, E, and K is the ________.
The organ that acts as a filter to remove microorganisms and also stores blood is the
The condition in which the pupils are of different diameters or sizes is called ________.
The use of oxygen in the incubator of premature infants can cause ________
The pointed end at the bottom of the heart is called the
Passive immunity is ________.
acquired from active T-cells from an immune host
Cancer cells are targeted for destruction primarily by ________
The innermost lining of the heart is the ________.
The place where the heartbeat is felt the strongest over the mediastinal area is the ________
The direction of the flow of lymph fluid is ________.
toward the heart
The purpose of receiving vaccinations is to ________.
stimulate the body's production of specific antibodies
The cells that attack foreign cells and cancer cells are ________.
The pulse pressure that would be considered normal would be ________.
The antibody that reacts to allergic reactions such as hay fever or asthma is ________.
In a patient with peripheral arterial disease, you would be most likely unable to feel the ________ pulse.
The apex of the heart is located __________.
slightly to the left of the lower sternum
An abnormal widening or ballooning of a vessel due to weakness in the arterial wall is a/n ________.
Prothrombin, which works with vitamin K and calcium in coagulation, is produced in the ________.
The chamber of the heart that forces oxygenated blood into the aorta is the ________.
A patient with blood group B has ______ plasma antibodies.
The blood type that is the "universal donor" and can be given to those with any other blood type is __
A patient arrives at the hospital with sudden pain and loss of circulation to the leg due to a deep vein thrombosis that just started an hour ago. He would likely be treated with a/n
The pulmonary artery carries
deoxygenated blood to the lungs
Sickle cell anemia is a type of
Lymphoid tissue that is structurally well organized as a unit is a ________.
The condition in which there are abnormally low amounts of red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets is ________.
A patient who has an abnormal increase in the amount of fluid surrounding the heart would likely have a/n ________.
Inflating a tiny balloon inside a vessel in order to reduce an occlusion is _________.
If a patient has an ELISA test that is positive, the next step is to do a/n ________.
Western blot test
The blood pressure reading measures the ________.
pressure of the blood on the walls of the arteries
The cardiac proteins that indicate a heart muscle injury, peaking at 10dash-24 hours and remaining elevated as long as 10 days, are _
A patient with sideropenia would likely be treated with a/an
The medical term for "whooping cough" is ________.
The lid or "flapper valve" that covers the larynx and allows air into the trachea and food into the esophagus is the ________.
A sterile urinary catheterization will most likely be done if the specimen is to be evaluated for ________.
After a maximum inhalation, the volume of air contained is the
total lung capacity
The _______ helps to anchor the kidney in anatomic position by a fibrous sheath
An expectorant medication is designed to ________.
thin mucus to aid in coughing it up
he condition of having nitrogenous waste products in the blood is
The correct spelling for the process of urination is
The action of the diaphragm itself is stimulated directly by the
Exhaled air has a greater percentage of ________ than air taken in upon inhalation.
An adult who urinates in their sleep has the condition called
The functional unit of the urinary process is the
A patient who has ESRD and does not want to undergo hemodialysis could try
The correct spelling for the term meaning to spit up blood is
Conchae are located in the ________.
Urine is voided to the outside via the ________.
A patient with fungal conjunctivitis would likely be treated with ________.
The measurement test that is commonly used for assessing pressures in the middle ear is ________.
The test to check for hearing in very young children or those with autism is a/n ________.
An adult patient who is eupneic during the day but has dyspnea when sleeping may have
The tuft of capillaries within the nephron is the ________
The gaseous waste product of respiration is
A patient with excessive sodium in the blood (hypernatremia) would likely be treated with a/n
An abnormal reddish color to a urine sample might indicate
The outer cartilage of the ear directs waves into the ear and is called the pinna, or the ________.
in the first three months of pregnancy
Sensory neurons differ from motor neurons in that they
are afferent nerves, carrying impulses to the central nervous system
The organ of Corti is located in the ________.
The _______ produces secretin, which stimulates bile and pancreatic juices
mucosa of the duodenum
Adrenocorticotropin (ACTH) is produced by the ________.
The ability of the eye to adjust to see objects at various distances is _________.
The abbreviation for a middle ear infection is ________.
The assessment of the anterior chamber of the eye for motility is best done with ________.
A patient who is suspected of having hyperthyroidism would likely be evaluated with
Medications including Benadryl, Antivert, and scopolamine are used to treat patients with ________.
The fimbriae are located ________.
surrounding the osteum
The involution of the uterus occurs during the ________.
period of six weeks after delivery
Progesterone is secreted by the _______.
Sperm formation actually occurs within the ________.
The medical term for painful menstruation is ________.
The sexually transmitted disease that presents with fluid-filled blisters on the penis or around the vagina is ________.
Syphilis is caused by a bacterium that is a spirochete, and in the late stage it can cause ________.
The area that is located between the vulva and the anus is the ________.
National Institutes of Health (NIH)
no longer carry out the same cellular functions as those in the tissues surrounding them
One of the warning signs of cancer is ________.
Taking an image of the patient's body with the beam passing from the left side to the right side, with the right side being against the film or plate, is the ________ position.
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