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Apush ch28/29

STUDY
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The "real heart" of the progressive movement was the effort by reformers to
use the government as an agency of human welfare
The political roots of the progressive movement lay in the
greenback labor party and the populists
Match each late-nineteenth-century social critic below with the target of his criticism.
A. Thorstein Veblen
B. Jack London
C. Jacob Riis
D. Henry Demarest Lloyd
1. "bloated trusts"
2. slum conditions
3. "conspicuous consumption"
4. destruction of nature
A:3, B:4, C:2, D:1
Progressivism
was less a minority movement and more a majority mood. strong political overtones, and it rejected the church as the driving force for change
Female progressives often justified their reformist political activities on the basis of
essentially an extension of women's traditional roles as wives and mothers
Match each early-twentieth-century muckraker below with the target of his or her exposé.
A. David G. Phillips
B. Ida Tarbell
C. Lincoln Steffens
D. Ray Stannard Baker
1. the United States Senate
2. the Standard Oil Company
3. city governments
4. the condition of blacks
A:1, B:2, C:3, D:4
Lincoln Steffens, in his series of articles entitled "The Shame of the Cities,"
unmasked the corrupt alliance between big business and municipal government.
The muckrakers signified much about the nature of the progressive reform movement because they
sought not to overthrow capitalism but to cleanse it with democratic controls
Most muckrakers believed that their primary function in the progressive attack on social ills was to
make the public aware of social problems
The leading progressive organization advocating prohibition of liquor was
women's christian temperance union
Progressive reformers were mainly men and women from the
middle class who felt pressure from new giant corporations, restless immigrant hordes, and the aggressive labor unions
Political progressivism
emerged in both major parties, in all regions, at all levels of government
According to progressives, the cure for all of American democracy's ills was
more democracy
To regain the power that the people had lost to the "interests," progressives advocated all of the
following
initiative, referendum,recall, direct election of U.S. senators
All of the following were prime goals of earnest progressives
to use state power to curb the trusts and to stem the socialist threat by generally improving the common person's conditions of life and labor, rooting out graft
The progressive movement was instrumental in getting the Seventeenth amendment added to the Constitution, which provided for _______________
direct election of United States senators
The settlement house and women's club movements were crucial centers of female progressive activity
because they
exposed middle-class women to problems in cities: poverty, corruption, and conditions
the following was among the issues addressed by women in the progressive movement?
preventing child labor in factories and sweatshops, creating pensions for mothers with dependent children, insuring that food products were healthy and safe, attacking tuberculosis and other diseases bred in slum tenements
except: ending special regulations governing women in the workplace
In Muller v. Oregon, the Supreme Court upheld the principle promoted by progressives like Florence Kelley and Louis Brandeis that
female workers required special protection on the job
The public outcry after the horrible Triangle Shirtwaist fire led many states to pass
restrictions on female employment in the clothing industry
The case of Lochner v. New York represented a setback for progressives and labor advocates because the Supreme Court in its ruling
declaring a law limiting work to 10 hours a day unconstitutional
The progressive-inspired city-manager system of government
was designed to remove politics from municipal administration
Progressive reform at the level of city government seemed to indicate that the progressives' highest priority was
government efficiency, city commission
Giving people more direct power over government
While president, Theodore Roosevelt chose to label his reform proposals as the
square deal
As a part of his reform program, Teddy Roosevelt advocated all of the following
control of corporations, consumer protection and conservation of natural resources
Teddy Roosevelt helped to end the 1902 strike in the anthracite coal mines by
threatening to seize mines and operate them with federal troops if mediation wasn't accepted
One unusual and significant characteristic of the anthracite coal strike in 1902 was that
the national government did not automatically side with the owners in the dispute
The Elkins and Hepburn acts dealt with the subject of
railroad regulation
Teddy Roosevelt believed that trusts
were here to stay with their efficient means of production
The real purpose of Teddy Roosevelt's assault on trusts was to
prove that government ruled the city
President Roosevelt believed that the federal government should adopt a policy of _______________
trusts.
regulating
Passage of the Federal Meat Inspection Act was especially facilitated by the publication of
Upton Sinclair's "The Jungle".
When Upton Sinclair wrote The Jungle, he intended his book to focus attention on the
plight of workers in the canning factories, not the processing of food
Of the following legislation aimed at resource conservation, the only one associated with Roosevelt's presidency was the
Newlands Act
According to the text, Teddy Roosevelt's most enduring achievement may have been
his efforts supporting conservation/environment
The idea of "multiple-use resource management" included all of the following practices
recreation, sustained-yield logging, watershed protection, summer stock grazing

except:damming of rivers
Teddy Roosevelt weakened himself politically after his election in 1904 when he
announced that he would not be a candidate for a third term as president.
The panic of 1907 stimulated reform in _______________ policy.
banking
Theodore Roosevelt is probably most accurately described as
middle of the road politician
While president, Theodore Roosevelt
greatly increased the power and prestige of the presidency
During his presidency, Teddy Roosevelt did all of the following
aid the cause of the environment, shape the progressive movement, expand presidential power,provide an international perspective

except: tame capitalism
As president, William Howard Taft
was wedded more to the status quo than to change.
President Taft's foreign policy was dubbed
dollar diplomacy
The Supreme Court's "rule of reason" in antitrust law was handed down in a case involving
Standard Oil
Teddy Roosevelt decided to run for the presidency in 1912 because
William Howard Taft had seemed to discard Roosevelt's policies
Before he was elected president in 1912, Woodrow Wilson had been
State governor
As governor of New Jersey, Woodrow Wilson established a record as
a passionate reformer
In 1912, Woodrow Wilson ran for the presidency on a Democratic platform that included all of the following
antitrust legislation, monetary reform, tariff reduction, support for small businesses
When Jane Addams placed Teddy Roosevelt's name in nomination for the presidency in 1912, it
symbolized the rising political status of women, as well as Progressive support for the cause of social justice
Teddy Roosevelt's New Nationalism
campaigned for stronger control of trusts, woman suffrage, and programs of social welfare.
Woodrow Wilson's New Freedom
favored small enterprise, entrepreneurship, and the free functioning of unregulated and unmonopolized markets. Shunned the social-welfare programs and supported the fragmentation of trusts.
The 1912 presidential election was notable because
it gave the voters a choice of political and economic philosophies
Match each 1912 presidential candidate below with his political party.
A. Woodrow Wilson
B. Theodore Roosevelt
C. William Howard Taft
D. Eugene V. Debs
1. Socialist
2. Democratic
3. Republican
4. Progressive
A:2, B:4, C:3, D:1
According to the text, the runaway philosophical winner in the 1912 election was
progressivism
In 1912 Woodrow Wilson became the first __________ elected to the presidency since the Civil War
southerner
Woodrow Wilson was most comfortable surrounded by
Academic Scholars
Woodrow Wilson's attitude toward the masses can best be described as
...
Woodrow Wilson's political philosophy included all of the following
faith in the masses, a belief that the president should provide leadership for Congress, and a belief that the president should appeal over the heads of legislators to the sovereign people
As a politician, Woodrow Wilson was
inflexible and stubborn
Congress passed the Underwood Tariff because
president Wilson aroused public opinion to support its passage
In 1913, Woodrow Wilson broke with a custom dating back to Jefferson's day when he
personally delivered his presidential address to congress
When Woodrow Wilson became president in 1912, the most serious shortcoming in the country's financial structure was that the
currency was inelastic
When Congress passed the Underwood Tariff Bill in 1913, it intended the legislation to
lower tariff rates.
The Sixteenth Amendment provided for
a personal income tax
The Federal Reserve Act of 1913 guaranteed a substantial measure of public control over the American banking system through the final authority given to the
Federal Reserve Board
The Federal Reserve Act gave the Federal Reserve Board the authority to
increase the amount of money in circulation
The Clayton Anti—Trust Act
explicitly legalized strikes and peaceful picketing
Because of the benefits that it conferred on labor, Samuel Gompers called the _______________ "labor's Magna Charta."
The Clayton Anti-Trust Act of 1914
The first Jew to sit on the United States Supreme Court, appointed by Woodrow Wilson, was
Louis Brandeis
Woodrow Wilson showed the limits of his progressivism by
accelerating the segregation of African Americans in the federal bureaucracy
Woodrow Wilson's early efforts to conduct an anti—imperialist U. S. foreign policy were first undermined when he
sent american marines to Haiti
Which term best characterizes Woodrow Wilson's approach to American foreign policy diplomacy?
moralistic
President Woodrow Wilson refused to intervene in the affairs of Mexico until
a small party of American sailors was accidentally captured by the Mexicans, Wilson ordered the navy to seize the Mexican port of Vera Cruz.
Before his first term ended, Woodrow Wilson had militarily intervened in or purchased all of the following countries
Mexico....
Woodrow Wilson's administration refused to extend formal diplomatic recognition to the government in Mexico headed by
Huerta government,He dismissed Pancho Villa and helped the Carranza cause.
As World War I began in Europe, the alliance system placed Germany and Austria—Hungary as leaders of the _______________, while Russia and France were among the _______________.
central powers, allied powers
From 1914 to 1916, trade between the United States and Britain
pulled the American economy out of a recession.
With the outbreak of World War I in 1914, the great majority of Americans
earnestly hoped to stay out of war
One primary effect of World War I on the United States was that it
conducted an immense amount of trade with the Allies.
President Wilson insisted that he would hold _______________ to "strict accountability" for _______________.
Germany; the loss of American ships and lives to submarine warfare
German submarines began sinking unarmed and unresisting merchant and passenger ships without warning
in retaliation for the British naval blockade of Germany
Which of the following American passenger liners was sunk by German submarines?
lusitiania
The Progressive "Bull Moose" party died when
TR refused to run as the party's presidential candidate in 1916
In the Sussex pledge, Germany promised
not to sink passenger ships without warning
When Woodrow Wilson won reelection in 1916, he received strong support from the
working class
President Wilson broke diplomatic relations with Germany when
they announced that they would wage unrestricted sub warfare in the Atlantic