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The "real heart" of the progressive movement was the effort by reformers to

use the government as an agency of human welfare

The political roots of the progressive movement lay in the

greenback labor party and the populists

Match each late-nineteenth-century social critic below with the target of his criticism.
A. Thorstein Veblen
B. Jack London
C. Jacob Riis
D. Henry Demarest Lloyd
1. "bloated trusts"
2. slum conditions
3. "conspicuous consumption"
4. destruction of nature

A:3, B:4, C:2, D:1


was less a minority movement and more a majority mood. strong political overtones, and it rejected the church as the driving force for change

Female progressives often justified their reformist political activities on the basis of

essentially an extension of women's traditional roles as wives and mothers

Match each early-twentieth-century muckraker below with the target of his or her exposé.
A. David G. Phillips
B. Ida Tarbell
C. Lincoln Steffens
D. Ray Stannard Baker
1. the United States Senate
2. the Standard Oil Company
3. city governments
4. the condition of blacks

A:1, B:2, C:3, D:4

Lincoln Steffens, in his series of articles entitled "The Shame of the Cities,"

unmasked the corrupt alliance between big business and municipal government.

The muckrakers signified much about the nature of the progressive reform movement because they

sought not to overthrow capitalism but to cleanse it with democratic controls

Most muckrakers believed that their primary function in the progressive attack on social ills was to

make the public aware of social problems

The leading progressive organization advocating prohibition of liquor was

women's christian temperance union

Progressive reformers were mainly men and women from the

middle class who felt pressure from new giant corporations, restless immigrant hordes, and the aggressive labor unions

Political progressivism

emerged in both major parties, in all regions, at all levels of government

According to progressives, the cure for all of American democracy's ills was

more democracy

To regain the power that the people had lost to the "interests," progressives advocated all of the

initiative, referendum,recall, direct election of U.S. senators

All of the following were prime goals of earnest progressives

to use state power to curb the trusts and to stem the socialist threat by generally improving the common person's conditions of life and labor, rooting out graft

The progressive movement was instrumental in getting the Seventeenth amendment added to the Constitution, which provided for _______________

direct election of United States senators

The settlement house and women's club movements were crucial centers of female progressive activity
because they

exposed middle-class women to problems in cities: poverty, corruption, and conditions

the following was among the issues addressed by women in the progressive movement?

preventing child labor in factories and sweatshops, creating pensions for mothers with dependent children, insuring that food products were healthy and safe, attacking tuberculosis and other diseases bred in slum tenements
except: ending special regulations governing women in the workplace

In Muller v. Oregon, the Supreme Court upheld the principle promoted by progressives like Florence Kelley and Louis Brandeis that

female workers required special protection on the job

The public outcry after the horrible Triangle Shirtwaist fire led many states to pass

restrictions on female employment in the clothing industry

The case of Lochner v. New York represented a setback for progressives and labor advocates because the Supreme Court in its ruling

declaring a law limiting work to 10 hours a day unconstitutional

The progressive-inspired city-manager system of government

was designed to remove politics from municipal administration

Progressive reform at the level of city government seemed to indicate that the progressives' highest priority was

government efficiency, city commission
Giving people more direct power over government

While president, Theodore Roosevelt chose to label his reform proposals as the

square deal

As a part of his reform program, Teddy Roosevelt advocated all of the following

control of corporations, consumer protection and conservation of natural resources

Teddy Roosevelt helped to end the 1902 strike in the anthracite coal mines by

threatening to seize mines and operate them with federal troops if mediation wasn't accepted

One unusual and significant characteristic of the anthracite coal strike in 1902 was that

the national government did not automatically side with the owners in the dispute

The Elkins and Hepburn acts dealt with the subject of

railroad regulation

Teddy Roosevelt believed that trusts

were here to stay with their efficient means of production

The real purpose of Teddy Roosevelt's assault on trusts was to

prove that government ruled the city

President Roosevelt believed that the federal government should adopt a policy of _______________


Passage of the Federal Meat Inspection Act was especially facilitated by the publication of

Upton Sinclair's "The Jungle".

When Upton Sinclair wrote The Jungle, he intended his book to focus attention on the

plight of workers in the canning factories, not the processing of food

Of the following legislation aimed at resource conservation, the only one associated with Roosevelt's presidency was the

Newlands Act

According to the text, Teddy Roosevelt's most enduring achievement may have been

his efforts supporting conservation/environment

The idea of "multiple-use resource management" included all of the following practices

recreation, sustained-yield logging, watershed protection, summer stock grazing

except:damming of rivers

Teddy Roosevelt weakened himself politically after his election in 1904 when he

announced that he would not be a candidate for a third term as president.

The panic of 1907 stimulated reform in _______________ policy.


Theodore Roosevelt is probably most accurately described as

middle of the road politician

While president, Theodore Roosevelt

greatly increased the power and prestige of the presidency

During his presidency, Teddy Roosevelt did all of the following

aid the cause of the environment, shape the progressive movement, expand presidential power,provide an international perspective

except: tame capitalism

As president, William Howard Taft

was wedded more to the status quo than to change.

President Taft's foreign policy was dubbed

dollar diplomacy

The Supreme Court's "rule of reason" in antitrust law was handed down in a case involving

Standard Oil

Teddy Roosevelt decided to run for the presidency in 1912 because

William Howard Taft had seemed to discard Roosevelt's policies

Before he was elected president in 1912, Woodrow Wilson had been

State governor

As governor of New Jersey, Woodrow Wilson established a record as

a passionate reformer

In 1912, Woodrow Wilson ran for the presidency on a Democratic platform that included all of the following

antitrust legislation, monetary reform, tariff reduction, support for small businesses

When Jane Addams placed Teddy Roosevelt's name in nomination for the presidency in 1912, it

symbolized the rising political status of women, as well as Progressive support for the cause of social justice

Teddy Roosevelt's New Nationalism

campaigned for stronger control of trusts, woman suffrage, and programs of social welfare.

Woodrow Wilson's New Freedom

favored small enterprise, entrepreneurship, and the free functioning of unregulated and unmonopolized markets. Shunned the social-welfare programs and supported the fragmentation of trusts.

The 1912 presidential election was notable because

it gave the voters a choice of political and economic philosophies

Match each 1912 presidential candidate below with his political party.
A. Woodrow Wilson
B. Theodore Roosevelt
C. William Howard Taft
D. Eugene V. Debs
1. Socialist
2. Democratic
3. Republican
4. Progressive

A:2, B:4, C:3, D:1

According to the text, the runaway philosophical winner in the 1912 election was


In 1912 Woodrow Wilson became the first __________ elected to the presidency since the Civil War


Woodrow Wilson was most comfortable surrounded by

Academic Scholars

Woodrow Wilson's attitude toward the masses can best be described as


Woodrow Wilson's political philosophy included all of the following

faith in the masses, a belief that the president should provide leadership for Congress, and a belief that the president should appeal over the heads of legislators to the sovereign people

As a politician, Woodrow Wilson was

inflexible and stubborn

Congress passed the Underwood Tariff because

president Wilson aroused public opinion to support its passage

In 1913, Woodrow Wilson broke with a custom dating back to Jefferson's day when he

personally delivered his presidential address to congress

When Woodrow Wilson became president in 1912, the most serious shortcoming in the country's financial structure was that the

currency was inelastic

When Congress passed the Underwood Tariff Bill in 1913, it intended the legislation to

lower tariff rates.

The Sixteenth Amendment provided for

a personal income tax

The Federal Reserve Act of 1913 guaranteed a substantial measure of public control over the American banking system through the final authority given to the

Federal Reserve Board

The Federal Reserve Act gave the Federal Reserve Board the authority to

increase the amount of money in circulation

The Clayton Anti—Trust Act

explicitly legalized strikes and peaceful picketing

Because of the benefits that it conferred on labor, Samuel Gompers called the _______________ "labor's Magna Charta."

The Clayton Anti-Trust Act of 1914

The first Jew to sit on the United States Supreme Court, appointed by Woodrow Wilson, was

Louis Brandeis

Woodrow Wilson showed the limits of his progressivism by

accelerating the segregation of African Americans in the federal bureaucracy

Woodrow Wilson's early efforts to conduct an anti—imperialist U. S. foreign policy were first undermined when he

sent american marines to Haiti

Which term best characterizes Woodrow Wilson's approach to American foreign policy diplomacy?


President Woodrow Wilson refused to intervene in the affairs of Mexico until

a small party of American sailors was accidentally captured by the Mexicans, Wilson ordered the navy to seize the Mexican port of Vera Cruz.

Before his first term ended, Woodrow Wilson had militarily intervened in or purchased all of the following countries


Woodrow Wilson's administration refused to extend formal diplomatic recognition to the government in Mexico headed by

Huerta government,He dismissed Pancho Villa and helped the Carranza cause.

As World War I began in Europe, the alliance system placed Germany and Austria—Hungary as leaders of the _______________, while Russia and France were among the _______________.

central powers, allied powers

From 1914 to 1916, trade between the United States and Britain

pulled the American economy out of a recession.

With the outbreak of World War I in 1914, the great majority of Americans

earnestly hoped to stay out of war

One primary effect of World War I on the United States was that it

conducted an immense amount of trade with the Allies.

President Wilson insisted that he would hold _______________ to "strict accountability" for _______________.

Germany; the loss of American ships and lives to submarine warfare

German submarines began sinking unarmed and unresisting merchant and passenger ships without warning

in retaliation for the British naval blockade of Germany

Which of the following American passenger liners was sunk by German submarines?


The Progressive "Bull Moose" party died when

TR refused to run as the party's presidential candidate in 1916

In the Sussex pledge, Germany promised

not to sink passenger ships without warning

When Woodrow Wilson won reelection in 1916, he received strong support from the

working class

President Wilson broke diplomatic relations with Germany when

they announced that they would wage unrestricted sub warfare in the Atlantic

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