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63 terms

Chatper 4

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albeit:
even though
albumin:
a necessary protein substance produced in the liver; levels are reduce in malnutrition and in liver and kidney diseases
Arava:
trade name for medicine used to treat rheumatoid arthritis
arthritis:
inflammation of the joints
azathioprine:
generic drug used in treating rheumatoid arthritis and other autoimmune diseases
Azulfidine:
trade name for sulfasalazine, an antibacterial agent
chlorambucil:
generic name of drug used in chemotherapy
compression fracture:
any break or rupture of bone due to compression, e.g., the bones of the spine
conjunctival injection:
increased blood flow to the conjunctiviate, making it appear swollen
corticosteroids:
a group of steroids (or lipids) used clinically in immune suppression or in hormonal replacement
cyclophosphamide:
generic drug used in chemotherapy
debilitating:
causing weakness of a lack of strength
dehydration:
condition resulting from either excessive loss of or inadequate intake of water
dermatology:
the study of the skin
diffuse:
widely distributed, not concentrated
distally:
in a remote direction; opposite of proximally or near
dysphagia:
difficulty swallowing
ecchymosis:
a purplish patch on the skin caused by blood passing from a vessel into the tissues
enteritis:
inflammation of the intestine, particularly the small intestine
erosion:
destruction of the surface of the skin, as by friction or pressure
erythema:
redness of the skin produced by abnormal accumulation of blood
erythema multiforme:
a symptom complex including multiple skin discolorations and raised lesions; may be caused by allergic reaction or virus
estradiol:
estrogen produced by the ovaries; used as hormone replacement therapy and marketed under multiple trade names
exophthalmos:
abnormal protrusion of the eyeball
exudate:
any fluid that has escaped from blood vessels and deposited in tissues, usually due to an injury or inflammation
fissuring:
splitting of the skin; can include painful ulcerations
flare:
to intensify suddenly
folic acid:
a B-complex vitamin necessary for normal production of red blood cells; used to treat certain types of anemia
gingiva:
the pale pink tissues of the oral mucosa, otherwise known as the gums
HCTZ:
abbreviation for hydrochlorothiazide, a generic name for a diuretic medication used to treat edema and hypertension
hydroxychloroquine:
generic name of drug used to treat rheumatoid arthritis
hyperpigmentation:
abnormally increased coloration
hyporeflexia:
decreased reflexes
IV hydration:
receiving fluids intravenously
kyphosis:
abnormally increase curvature of the thoracic spine; humpback
leucovorin:
generic name of drug used to treat both anemia and malignances
Lidex gel:
trade name for topically applied gel, which has anti-inflammatory properties
liver enzymes:
those protein molecules that induce necessary chemical reactions in the liver; a group of laboratory tests done on blood or serum that gives the values of these proteins
macular:
pertaining to a macule, which is a nonelevated, discolored spot on the skin
methotrexate:
generic name for chemotherapy drug; used also in treatment of the immune disorders, such as rheumatoid arthritis
Mobic:
trade name for anti-inflammatory drug used to treat arthritis
nephrocalcinosis:
diffusely scattered calcifications in the kidneys leading to renal insufficiency
NSAID:
abbreviation for nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug; often dictated "n-sed"
osteoporosis:
reduction in quantity of bone; decreased bone mass leading to pathologic fractures
palate:
roof of the mouth
penicillamine:
generic name for drug, a product of penicillin, used to treat rheumatoid arthritis
perimalleolar:
around the bony protuberances on each side of the ankle
pitting edema:
indentations when a finger is pressed on the skin; occurs when excessive fluid is in the tissues
posterior pharynx:
the back of the throat
prednisone:
generic name for a type of steroid used as an anti-inflammatory agent
quiescent:
at rest; inactive
regimen:
a strictly regulated plan of therapy, diet, exercise, or other activity designed to achieve a certain goal
rheumatoid arthritis:
chronic systemic, painful joint disease that can result in deformities
serum cholesterol:
the level of cholesterol found in the serum; high levels of cholesterol can clog arteries and can form gallstones
stasis edema:
stagnation of the flow of blood or fluids resulting in swelling
Stevens-Johnson syndrome:
a severe, sometimes fatal multisystemic form of erythema multiforme
stomatitis:
inflammation of the oral mucosa, the mucous membranes of the mouth
t.i.d.:
ter in die (three times a day)
topically:
applied to the skin
total protein:
a laboratory test to determine the level of all proteins in the serum
vertebral body:
main portion of each of the bones of the spine; bears about 80% of the load while standing and provides an attachment for the disks between the vertebrae
volume depletion:
dehydrated state
Westergren sedimentation rate:
standard laboratory test to determine the rate of settling of red blood cells in anticoagulated blood; procedure designed by Alf Westergren