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Chapter 5 Notes

Chain of custody

Formal assurance that evidence has passed from agency to agency without tampering

Civil litigation

Court proceedings related to non-criminal legal action

Computer forensics

The analysis of computer equipment to obtain evidence for civil or criminal proceedings

Digital forensics professional

A person who practices digital forensics; implies specialized knowledge and training

Electronic evidence

Evidence that exists in electronic form in a computer or other digital media

Functional role

The role in cybersecurity work that most directly involved in designing, implementing, and sustaining the mechanisms to ensure information


Undesirable events associated with attacks or violations of information

Intrusion response

A targeted response to a violation of secure space; a countermeasure targeted to mitigate a particular type of event

IT security engineer

Cybersecurity role specifically devoted to development and maintenance of enterprise information security architectures (EISA)

IT security operations and maintenance professional

Cybersecurity role devoted to monitoring and control of functioning of the day-to-day cybersecurity process

IT security professional

Cybersecurity role specifically oriented toward development and maintenance of the non-electronic aspects of the cybersecurity process

Non-electronic controls

Controls typically associated with ensuring continuity, compliance, physical, personnel, and secure software development in a cybersecurity solution

Operational controls

The control processes associated with day-to-day business operation

Operational security

The sustainment part of the cybersecurity process; ensures 24/7 protection of the assurance target

Penetration testing

Testing that takes place with specific knowledge of the targeted environment; often used to test a specific defense


The level of access authorization granted to a given individual

Professional certification

A formally recognized documentation of competency in an area of professional work

System development lifecycle (SDLC)

The well-defined set of steps that a system developer follows in the development and maintenance of an information system

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