5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Allopatric Speciation
- Gregor Mendel
- Scientific Method
- Phyletic Gradualism
- Comte de Buffon
- a The formation of a new species as a result of an ancestral population's becoming isolated by a geographic barrier.
- b speciation hypothesis rooted in uniformitarianism. The hypothesis states that species continue to adapt to new environmental and biological selection pressures over the course of their history, gradually becoming new species
- c Father of genetics. Experimented with pea plants and discovered law of dominance, ind. assortment, and segregation.
- d (Frence naturalist and contemporary of Linnaeus) Recognized the dynamic relationship between the external environment and living forms. Also recognized that certain regions have unique plants and animals, and stressed that animals came from a center of origin.
- e - an approach to research
- observation -> hypothesis -> experimentation -> interpretation -> report results
a series of steps followed to solve problems including collecting data, formulating a hypothesis, testing the hypothesis, and stating conclusions
5 Multiple choice questions
- The physical traits that appear in an individual as a result of its gentic make up.
- sequence of DNA that codes for a protein and thus determines a trait
- , A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific trait
- change in allele frequencies as a result of the migration of a small subgroup of a population
- The gradual changes in gene frequencies in a population due to random events
- threadlike structure within the nucleus containing the genetic information that is passed from one generation of cells to the next
- , in a eukaryotic cell, one of the structures in the nucleus that are made up of DNA and protein; in a prokaryotic cell, the main ring of DNA
5 True/False questions
Reproductive Success → the number of offspring an individual produces and rears to reproductive age; an individual's genetic contribution to the next generation
Charles Darwin → (Wrote that species change over time) Englishman, 1731-1802, grandfather of Charles Darwin, wrote concepts of time for life to evolve, competition of resources, and the importance of environment in the evolutionary process
Mendel's 1st law → principle of segregation
- traits are controlled by discrete units (gene)
- units come in pairs, offspring inherits one unit from each parent
Binomial Nomenclature → by Linnaeus, nested hierarchies, binomial nomenclature, type specimen,
-Linnaeus' book that outlines hierarchical classification of the natural world; the 10th edition (1758) is the most important and is the starting point of zoological nomenclature, used by ICZN.
DNA → a complex molecule containing the genetic information that makes up the chromosomes
- , Deoxyribonucleic acid; the genetic material that carries information about an organism and is passed from parent to offspring.