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aka the money guys or "angels"
-Hires the creative team: lyricist, playwright (librettist), director, choreographer and designer
-has the final say
-writes the story line
-writes the dialogue for the characters "the book"
-works with composer, lyricist and director
a person who writes the words for songs
-used to be male dominated
-Betty Comden (first woman)
Composer and lyricist
cole porter, Jerry Herman, stephen sondheim, stephen shwarts, learner and low, rogers and hart
frequently stages movement within song
-works with director and composer
Tommy Tune: out of texas
jerry mitchell: hairy spray
New York Theaters
off off broadway: not very big, 99 seats or less
off broadway: slightly bigger 100-499 seats
broadway: 500 or more
late 1600s-1910, 1st distinctly american theater form-- white men where black make-up
thomas Rice- Jim crow
-all the rage in 1880s
- mellow music
-william s. gilbert, arthur sullivan
first international hit musical (operetta)
-laid grown work for 20th century musicals
A type of inexpensive variety show that first appeared in the 1870s, often consisting of comic sketches, song-and-dance routines, and magic acts
The American Opera
-written by american immigrants
composers: rudolf friml, sugmund romberg, victor herbert
Copyright act of 1909
lobbied before congress to have passed, so people couldnt steal and re produce other peoples work
Producer: had chorus of beautiful women, musical revue with new composers for each show, lavishly spectacle shows, used false advertising for promoting shows
George M. cohan
An American songwriter and entertainer of the early twentieth century, known for such rousing songs as "Over There," "Yankee Doodle Dandy," and "You're a Grand Old Flag."
A twentieth-century American writer of popular songs (words and music). His songs include "God Bless America," "White Christmas," and "There's no Business like Show Business."
"closed shop": if you dont work for me you work for nobody, (1896-1915) 6 managers and booking agents who monopolized the major U.S. cities. Elevated commercial theatre over artistic theatre, Ethel Barrymore fought against syndicate.
american federation of labor
The first federation of labor unions in the United States. Founded by Samuel Gompers in 1886
red summer of 1919
a term used to describe violent postwar strikes and racial strife in the us at the end of world war 1
Jazz age (1920s)
took over the 1920s
flappers: shorts skirts, smoking. men wearing raccoon hats, mob gets really big
George and Ira Gershwin
"lady be good"
Dance is now becoming important (tells the story)
"facinating rythm" was most famous
-first musical play
-both format and racially
oscar hammerstein II(lyricist)
-only given 21 days
-1st performance = 4hrs, 10 minutes
-tremendous gamble for ziefeld
-previously taboo themes:drinking, divorce..
-depth of music
-three dimensional characters
-1927, hit the stage
popular after "showboat" A musical comedy by Richard Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein II. It began a new era of sophistication in musical comedy and was the first of several very successful Rodgers and Hammerstein shows.
-started with NY times (1928)
-chronicled what was going on in the world
-put his daughters name in all of his pictures
-broadways most productive period
-284 new shows in 1 yr
-today only 11 new shows
-public now listening to lyrics
-operetta still popular
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