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62 terms

Musical theater test #1

up until the depression
STUDY
PLAY
producer
aka the money guys or "angels"
-Hires the creative team: lyricist, playwright (librettist), director, choreographer and designer
-has the final say
David Merrick
asshole, but powerfull
-88 productions.. "hello dolly" "gippsy"
Harold Prince
62 productions and equally good director
"the color purple"
oprahs name was bigger than the title
playwright/librettist
-writes the story line
-writes the dialogue for the characters "the book"
-works with composer, lyricist and director
composer
writes the music

big names: arthur sullivan, Richard rogers, julie stine
lyricist
a person who writes the words for songs
-used to be male dominated
-Betty Comden (first woman)
Composer and lyricist
cole porter, Jerry Herman, stephen sondheim, stephen shwarts, learner and low, rogers and hart
director
stages the play
-casts actors
-reports directly to the producer
choreographer
frequently stages movement within song
-works with director and composer
Tommy Tune: out of texas
jerry mitchell: hairy spray
Susan strollman
jerome Robins
set/scenic designer
designs enviornment
-designs clothing worn by actors
-lighting of production
sound designer
designs sound effects, microphone usage
musical director
coordinates all musical elements
-works directly with director, composer, lyricist
the star
Ex: sutan foster, had to proce herself. take the lead roll in the play
supporting roles
not as important as the star, but has a decent role
ensemble
background actors
New York Theaters
off off broadway: not very big, 99 seats or less

off broadway: slightly bigger 100-499 seats

broadway: 500 or more
awards
off off= NY innovative theatre award
pulitzer prize
1917:
joseph pulitzer
1932, first broadway musical
$10k prize
tony awards
1947:
NYC- based organization
supports excellence
broadway league
theatre owners and operators, producers, presenters, GMs, and 250 cities
"The disapointment"
1967: first musical ever, philalphia, was banned
Ministry shows
late 1600s-1910, 1st distinctly american theater form-- white men where black make-up

thomas Rice- Jim crow
Show boats
began in 1830s-1940s
Mississippi and Ohio River
-civil war disrupted (1961-1965)
the operetta
european import
-all the rage in 1880s
- mellow music
-william s. gilbert, arthur sullivan
H.M.S. Pinafore
first international hit musical (operetta)
-laid grown work for 20th century musicals
W.S Gilbert
Liberalist
-had a list of people he wanted to hurt
-HMS
-Milkado
-Pirartes and Penzance
Vaudeville
A type of inexpensive variety show that first appeared in the 1870s, often consisting of comic sketches, song-and-dance routines, and magic acts
Burlesque
a composition that imitates somebody's style in a humorous way (underdressed woman)
1st musical
"black crook"
-total accident
-integrated with dancers
Lillian Russell
1st famous woman
The American Opera
-written by american immigrants
composers: rudolf friml, sugmund romberg, victor herbert
Copyright act of 1909
lobbied before congress to have passed, so people couldnt steal and re produce other peoples work
ASCAP
American society of composers, aithors and publishers--so people get paid for their work
Ziegfeld
Producer: had chorus of beautiful women, musical revue with new composers for each show, lavishly spectacle shows, used false advertising for promoting shows
George M. cohan
An American songwriter and entertainer of the early twentieth century, known for such rousing songs as "Over There," "Yankee Doodle Dandy," and "You're a Grand Old Flag."
Bert Williams
was an african american star, made fun of african americans in his rolls
irving Berlin
A twentieth-century American writer of popular songs (words and music). His songs include "God Bless America," "White Christmas," and "There's no Business like Show Business."
Fanny Bryce
2 for 1, she was very versatile, could be hilarious, or serious. ugly woman
the great world war
didnt stop broadway but changed what was going on
phonegraph
revolutionized music
theatrical syndicate
"closed shop": if you dont work for me you work for nobody, (1896-1915) 6 managers and booking agents who monopolized the major U.S. cities. Elevated commercial theatre over artistic theatre, Ethel Barrymore fought against syndicate.
shibert
bought theatres
-operated like syndicate
- collected actors
unions
Did not come around until after the great war
American federation of music
...
american federation of labor
The first federation of labor unions in the United States. Founded by Samuel Gompers in 1886
actors equity association 1913
-recognized
-most racist time in america
red summer of 1919
red summer of 1919
a term used to describe violent postwar strikes and racial strife in the us at the end of world war 1
David belasco
Bishop of broadway, bc he wore black a lot
-very realistic
prohibition
people drinking a lot, rebellion, speak easies
Jazz age (1920s)
took over the 1920s
flappers: shorts skirts, smoking. men wearing raccoon hats, mob gets really big
Marilyn Miller
big 20s star, was known for cussing like a sailor
Al jolson
biggest 20s star (black face). Knew he was a big deal and wasnt a afraid to tell people
"Shuffle along"
Eubie Blake and Noble Sissle
-first show that allowed blacks in orchestra seats
George and Ira Gershwin
"lady be good"
Dance is now becoming important (tells the story)
"facinating rythm" was most famous
Walter Winchell
"Bard of Broadway"

is where the term "the big apple" comes from
Showboat
-first musical play
-both format and racially
-jerone kern(composer)
oscar hammerstein II(lyricist)
-only given 21 days
-1st performance = 4hrs, 10 minutes
-tremendous gamble for ziefeld
-previously taboo themes:drinking, divorce..
-depth of music
-three dimensional characters
-dramatic truth
-1927, hit the stage
Oklahoma
popular after "showboat" A musical comedy by Richard Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein II. It began a new era of sophistication in musical comedy and was the first of several very successful Rodgers and Hammerstein shows.
al Hirschfeld
Chronicled broadway
-started with NY times (1928)
-chronicled what was going on in the world
-put his daughters name in all of his pictures
Jazz age
-broadways most productive period
-284 new shows in 1 yr
-today only 11 new shows
-public now listening to lyrics
-operetta still popular
stars of jazz age
Fred and adele astaire
marilyn miller
al jolson
-composers now becoming known
depression
wall street crashes, people live in Hoovervilles: little crappy tents