20 terms

Reformation 1

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The Vatican
Palace in Rome/Center of Catholic Church/ Huge and cause of Great Expense to the Church as it was expanded and renovated/Raised indulgences to Pay for it/ Helping cause the Reformation
Purgatory
A Waiting Room after death according to Roman Catholic belief in which the souls of people who die are made pure through
Indulgences
A purchased pardon for a sin or sins either by payment or good works to reduce time in purgatory
4. Celibacy
Choosing not to marry or have sex/Priests, monks and nuns in the Catholic Church take a vow to this/ Protestants disagree
5. Sacraments
Seven important Catholic/Christian Ceremonies or Practices: Baptism, Holy Communion, Confirmation, Penance, Matrimony, Holy Orders (Priesthood), Anointing of the Sick
6. Baptism
a Christian sacrament marked by ritual use of water and admitting the recipient to the Christian community /Argued how and when performed
7. Holy Communion
a Christian ceremony in which bread is eaten and wine is drunk as a way of showing devotion to Jesus Christ /Catholics believe transubstantiation takes place
8. Penance
a Christian sacrament in which a member of the Church confesses sins to a priest and is given absolution.
9. Woodcuts
Print made from a carving in a wood block used to print pictures, cartoons and broadsheets by both sides in the Reformation/ tended to be crude depicting enemies as excrement and devils.
10. 95 Theses
List of problems in the Catholic Church most notably Indulgences, written by Martin Luther in 1517 and widely regarded as the initial catalyst for the Protestant Reformation/Nailed to Church Door in Wittenberg
11. Fredrick of Saxony
Know as the Wise/Elector of Saxony (Prince)/Supported Church Reform/Protected Martin Luther against Papal Bull/Founded University of Wittenberg
12. "Faith Alone"
Rallying cry of the Protestant Reformation/"Sola Fide"/asserts God's pardon for guilty sinners is granted to and received through faith alone, excluding all "works"
13. Monastery
Those living in a community under a religious vow for a specific purpose/ Often in seclusion/ Including Jesuits, Franciscans, Benedictines.
14. Papal Bull
Formal Order, Document or Opinion issued by the Pope/ Contains a seal called a Bulla/Has the weight of a legal opinion within the Catholic Community
15. Henry III of Valios
Moderate Catholic but manipulative King of France/Assassinated by Courtier/Was Bisexual/Weak and Influenced by his mother Catherine of Medici
16. Henry of Guise
Led the Holy League/Extreme French Catholic/ Implicated in Assassination of Henry III/ Ironically Assassinated by enemies
17. Henry IV of Navarre
Protestant French Prince, Victor in the War of the 3 Henrys/ Married Valois Sister/ Converted to Catholic for Good of French Unity/Became King of France
18. Edict of Nantes
Law or Proclamation issued by Henry IV of France granting religious and civil liberty to Huguenots(French Protestants) Revoked in 1685
19. Catherine of Aragon
Spanish Infant(Princess)/1st wife of Henry VIII of England/ Divorced by Henry in 1533/ Pope disapproved which started the English Reformation and move to Protestantism/Mother of Henry's oldest child Mary.
20. Predestination
Doctrine espoused by John Calvin saying all events are predetermined by God including who will be saved. Led to designation of Reformed church members as Saints and all others as Sinners.
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