20 terms

Reformation 2

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Reformation
Attempt to 'Fix' the Catholic Church in 16th Century led to permanent split of Church between Catholics and Protestants
Renaissance
Rebirth of Learning centered in Italy/Led to Exploration and Reformation: New Art, Architecture, Politics, Economics, Literature created
James I
Cousin to Elisabeth I/ Inherited Throne when she died / Mary Queen of Scots son/Protestant/Sponsor of earliest Colonies
Spanish Armada
Group of Ships sent to Invade England 1588/ Phillip vs. Elizabeth/ Failed and signaled decline of Spain
Elizabeth I
Famous and Successful Queen of England/Henry VIII's Second Child/Protestant/"Virgin"/Good at Compromises over Religion/Sponsored Raleigh and Drake
Mary I
Henry VIII First Born/Catholic Queen of England/Married Philip II of Spain/Persecuted Protestants/Called "Bloody" /Died of Cancer/Throne inherited by Protestant Sister
Johannes Gutenberg
Inventor of the Moveable Type Printing Press/ Printed first Mass Produced Latin Bible 1455
Sir Francis Drake
Elizabeth's Pirate Knight/"Golden Hind" explored and Plundered with Sir Walter Raleigh/Helped defeat Armada
Phillip II
Spanish King for 40 years/Sponsored Armada/Married Mary I of England/Tried to defeat Elizabeth I after she refused to marry him or convert/Catholic/Son of Charles V
Charles V
Ruler of the Spanish Empire and Holy Roman Emperor during Reformation/ Father of Phillip II/
Sir Walter Raleigh
Elizabeth I Boy Toy/Knight/Explorer/Founder of Roanoke/Named "Virginia" after Elizabeth I and Explored East Coast of North America/Lost favor with James I and executed
Protestants
In Early 16th century, Broke off from Catholic Church and Formed new Christian Churches such as Lutheran, Calvinist, Anglican
Pope
Leader of Catholic Church centered in Rome /Leo X and Clement VII were leaders in the critical early Reformation Period
Counter Reformation
Catholic Response to the Reformation, attempted to answer criticisms of Protestants and Reform Church/formed missionary groups to "Combat" protestant teachings
Jesuits
Monastic Order/ led the Counter Reformation/Founded by Spanish soldier turned priest to convert people around the word to Catholicism/Pope's "Army"
Missions
Group or Body sent to Covert others to their Religion/ traveled with Conquistadors and others to bring new Christians to Catholicism in the Americas
Martin Luther
German Monk/Questioned the Practices of the Catholic Church/Esp. INDULGENCES/Became Reformation Leader/Founder of 1st Protestant Church
Henry VIII
King of England in Reformation Era/ "Defender of the Faith"/ eventually defied Pope over
Divorce/ Founder of Church of England (Episcopal or Anglican) / 6 Wives/ 3 children all become
Kings or Queens
John Calvin
Founded a second Protestant Sect in Geneva (Switzerland)/converted Many French Protestants called Huguenots/Predestination/ Churches influenced by him include: Reformed, Congregational and Presbyterian
Heretic
a dissenter from established religious dogma; especially : a baptized member of the Roman Catholic Church who disavows its teachings and established beliefs