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Television Production: Chapter 4
Mr. Hilsman DURANT HS
Terms in this set (56)
moving the camera in a curved truck around the main object in the shot.
arc left (AL)
rolling the camera, tripod, and dolly in a circle counter clockwise.
arc right (AR)
rolling the camera, tripod, and dolly in a circle clockwise.
a shot of a person mid-chest area up.
a shot in which the subject fills most of the frame and little of the surroundings is shown.
depth of field (DOF)
the measurements of the closest and farthest planes in front of the camera lens between which everything is in focus.
moving the camera physically toward or away from the subject to make it appear closer of further away.
dolly in (DI)
smoothly moving the camera inward to the subject.
dolly out (DO)
smoothly moving the camera outward from the subject.
often a long shot or a series of shots that establishes the setting.
extreme close-up (ECU/XCU)
a shot that magnifies beyond what the eye would experience in reality, generally for dramatic effect.
extreme long shot (ELS/XLS)
also known as the "establishing shot"; used at the beginning of a scene to show where the scene will take place.
a shot that depicts four subjects in the frame.
great depth of field
when a camera's depth of field is as large as possible.
a shot that depicts more than four subjects in the frame.
the space from the top of the head to the top of the screen.
high angle shot
position where the camera location is above normal eye-level compared to the subject.
a shot of a subject from the knees up.
the amount of space between the direction the subject is moving and the edge of the screen he is moving towards.
long shot (LS)
a shot showing the whole body of the subject
low angle shot
position where the camera location is below normal eye-level compared to the subject.
lens setting that allows the operator to focus on an object that is very close to the camera, almost touching the lens.
medium close-up (MCU)
a shot in which the scale of the subject shown is fairly large, usually chest up.
medium long shot (MLS)
a shot where the subject is framed from around the knees upwards.
medium shot (MS)
a shot of medium distance from the subject showing the waist up (This shot is the most common).
also known as "medium shot"; a shot that captures subject from the waist up.
minimum object distance (MOD)
the closest a subject can be to a camera lens yet is still in focus.
narrow angle shot
also known as the "close-up" shot; a shot in which the subject fills most of the frame.
the space from the tip of a person's nose to the side edge of the frame.
over-the-shoulder shot (OSS)
a shot of someone or something taken from the perspective or camera angle from the shoulder of another person (Commonly used in characters having conversations to each other).
moving only the camera to scan horizontally, where the tripod and dolly stay still.
pan left (PL)
moving the camera to the camera operator's left side to scan the set.
pan right (PR)
moving the camera to the camera operator's right side to scan the set.
a base or support on the tripod which holds the camera; used to either raise or lower the camera.
pedestal down (PedD)
lowering the camera on the pedestal of a tripod.
pedestal up (PedU)
raising the camera on the pedestal of a tripod.
a three step process to focus a zoom lens; accomplished by (1) zooming in on the furthest object on the set that must be in focus, (2) focusing the object, then (3) zooming out.
a shot in which the talent's face is displayed in profile.
also known as "rack focus"; changing focus on a camera while it's hot.
the process of changing focus on a camera while it's still rolling.
a shot that depicts a character's response to something shown in a previous shot.
rule of thirds
a composition rule that divides the screen into thirds horizontally and vertically, like a tic-tac toe grid placed over the picture on a television set, in which almost all of the important information is located at one of the four intersections of the horizontal and vertical lines.
selective depth of field
a technique of choosing to have a shallow depth of field in a shot or scene.
shallow depth of field
a depth of field technique that moves the audience's attention to a portion of the picture in focus.
a single picture taken by a camera during the process of shooting program footage.
putting every scene outlined in the script into shooting order.
a shot in which three subjects appear in frame.
pointing only the lens vertically up or down when the dolly and tripod remain still.
tilt down (TD)
pointing the camera lens downward toward the ground.
tilt up (TU)
pointing the camera lens upward toward the ceiling.
moving the camera, its tripod, and dolly side to side in motion parallel to the set.
truck left (TL)
moving the camera, its tripod, and dolly to the operator's left side while facing the set.
truck right (TR)
moving the camera, its tripod, and dolly to the operator's right side while facing the set.
a shot between two people from an angle that includes both characters more or less equally.
camera setting that forces the camera to make an object appear white.
wide angle shot (WA)
a shot taken with a lens that is able to take in a wider field or range of view than a normal lens.
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