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Head/Face, Nose/Sinuses, Mouth/Throat
Client Assessment Units 7, 8, 9
Terms in this set (107)
a chronic disease characterized by enlargement of the bones of the head, the soft parts of the feet and hands, and sometimes other structures, due to excessive secretion of growth hormone by the pituitary gland.
A circumscribed rounded swelling; a protuberance.
The prominence of a kyphosis or humpback.
any generally abnormal sound or murmur heard on auscultation.
A swelling formed on the presenting part of the head of a fetus during labor, resulting in edema and varying degrees of scalp hemorrhage.
A blood cyst, tumor, or swelling of the scalp in a newborn due to an effusion of blood beneath the pericranium, often resulting from birth trauma.
an inflammation of the scalp, occurring in infants and characterized by greasy, yellowish scales; seborrheic dermatitis of infants.
Premature ossification of the skull and closure of the sutures.
An abnormal condition of the skull bones, characterized by thin, soft areas, usually caused by syphilis or rickets.
A hard, crisp covering or surface.
An outer layer or coating formed by the drying of a bodily exudate such as pus or blood; a scab.
A scaly scurf formed on and shed from the scalp.
a small, flat, thin piece, especially one that has been or become detached from a larger piece or mass:
one of the spaces, covered by membrane, between the bones of the fetal or young skull.
the condition of having an unusually large head or cranial capacity. It can be of congenital origin or result from an abnormal overgrowth of the facial bones
condition of abnormal smallness of the head. Microcephalic individuals are usually severely retarded both mentally and developmentally.
A shaped receptacle into which material is pressed or poured in making a cast.
Referring to a head of normal shape and of normal size for the person's age
an asymmetric condition of the head, due to irregular closure of the cranial sutures.plagiocephalic
a retention cyst of a sebaceous gland, containing cheesy yellow material, usually on the face, neck, scalp, or trunk.
a stitch or series of stitches made to secure apposition of the edges of a surgical or traumatic wound.
a benign encysted tumor of the skin, especially on the scalp, containing sebaceous matter; a sebaceous cyst.
Acute peripheral paralysis of the face due to a herpes simplex immune-mediated condition, often characterised by severe pain arising in the trigeminal nerve, the chief sensory nerve of the face, which arises in cranial nerve VII.
general ill health with emaciation, usually occurring in association with cancer or a chronic infectious disease.
a spasm of the facial muscles elicited by tapping the facial nerve in the region of the parotid gland; seen in tetany.
a congenital disease due to absence or deficiency of normal thyroid secretion, characterized by physical deformity, dwarfism, and mental retardation, and often by goiter.
a relatively rare endocrine (hormonal) disorder resulting from excessive exposure to the hormone cortisol.
a genetic disorder, associated with the presence of an extra chromosome 21, characterized by mild to severe mental impairment, weak muscle tone, shorter stature, and a flattened facial profile.
ement or elongation of the jaw.
Abnormal smallness of the jaws, especially of the mandible.
dry, waxy type of swelling (nonpitting edema) with abnormal deposits of mucin in the skin (mucinosis) and other tissues, associated with hypothyroidism; the facial changes are distinctive, with swollen lips and thickened nose.myxedem´atous
a collection of symptoms which occur because the tiny blood vessels (the glomeruli) in the kidney become leaky. This allows protein (normally never passed out in the urine) to leave the body in large amounts.
a common neurologic disease believed to be caused by deterioration of the brain cells that produce dopamine, occurring primarily after the age of 60, characterized by tremors, especially of the fingers and hands, muscle rigidity, shuffling gait, slow speech, and a masklike facial expression.
The joint that facilitates mandibular movement, located between the head of the mandible and the temporal bone.
a sudden, spasmodic, painless, involuntary muscular contraction, as of the face; a persistent behavioral trait; personal quirk.
A turning away or aside from a normal course.
Deviant behavior or attitudes.
To emit a substance, as by excretion or secretion.
effusion of serous fluid into the interstices of cells in tissue spaces or into body cavities.
A fluid that has exuded out of a tissue or its capillaries due to injury or inflammation.
A painful, circumscribed pus-filled inflammation of the skin and subcutaneous tissue usually caused by a local staphylococcal infection.
The blocking of a body passage, as by clogging or stricture.
The act of perforating or the state of being perforated.
An abnormal opening in a hollow organ or viscus, as one made by rupture or injury.
A usually nonmalignant growth of tissue protruding from the mucous lining of an organ such as the nose, bladder, or intestine, often causing obstruction.
Inflammation of the nasal mucous membranes.
anatomy of or relating to any of the thin scroll-shaped bones situated on the walls of the nasal passages
pertaining to, composed of, or provided with vessels or ducts that convey fluids, as blood, lymph, or sap.
swelling that occurs just beneath the surface of the skin or mucous membranes.
a malignant and invasive epithelial tumor that spreads by metastasis and often recurs after excision; cancer.
A dull red, hard, insensitive lesion that is the first manifestation of syphilis.
An ulcer located at the initial point of entry of a pathogen.
inflammation of the lips.
A disorder of the lips often due to riboflavin deficiency and other B-complex vitamin deficiencies and characterized by fissures, especially in the corners of the mouth.
cherry red lips
pertaining to the area of the face around the mouth.
any inflammatory skin disease marked by the formation of small vesicles in clusters; the term is usually restricted to such diseases caused by herpesviruses and is used alone to refer to h. simplex or to h. zoster.
A mucous polyp.
Inherited polyposis of the intestinal tract, characterized by multiple harmartomas, especially of the jejunum, and associated with melanin spots on the lips, buccal mucosa, and fingers. Also called Jeghers-Peutz syndrome .
aphthous ulcer/canker sore
One or more painful, recurrent ulcers of the oral cavity or vermilion border, preceded by tenderness and pruritus, which begins as an erythematous indurated papule that rapidly erodes, leaving an ulcer covered with greyish exudate.
any of a variety of infections caused by fungi of the genus Candida, occurring most often in the mouth, respiratory tract
A split or fissure between two parts.
Multiple small white epithelial inclusion cysts found in the midline of the palate in most newborns.
a condition marked by the presence of numerous small, yellowish-white bodies or granules on the inner surface and vermilion border of the lips; histologically the lesions are ectopic sebaceous glands.
Small red spots on the buccal mucous membrane, in the center of each of which may be seen, in a strong light, a minute bluish white speck; they occur early in measles (morbilli), before the skin eruption, and are regarded as a pathognomonic sign of the disease.
a white patch on a mucous membrane that will not rub off
A term largely used by the lay public for various forms of candidiasis.
the duct by which the parotid gland empties into the mouth.
A bulging or rounded projection or swelling, such as is caused by a bone or muscle.
white tonsillar membrane
The wearing down or rubbing away or removal of the superficial layers of skin or mucous membrane in a limited area.
the act or fact of discoloring or the state of being discolored.
Inflammatory cellular proliferation or a tumorlike growth of the gum that may be present at birth.
Inflammation of the gums, characterized by redness and swelling.
a thin blue-black line along the gingival margin in lead/bismuth poisoning.
Disease of the periodontium characterized by inflammation of the gums, resorption of the alveolar bone, and degeneration of the periodontal membrane.
inflammation of the gums characterized by the discharge of pus and loosening of the teeth; periodontal disease
A deep furrow, cleft, or slit.
relating to or having or lying within a scrotum; "scrotal mammals"; "scrotal testes"
A small frenum or band of fibrous material.
One of the small, round or cone-shaped protuberances on the top of the tongue that contain taste buds.
A cyst on the underside of the tongue or the mouth floor caused by an obstructed salivary gland duct.
An abnormally dilated or swollen vein, artery, or lymph vessel.
(submaxillary duct) is one of the salivary ducts. It is about 5 cm. long, and its wall is much thinner than that of the parotid duct.
A wearing away by friction or rubbing, such as the loss of tooth structure caused by abrasive foods or grinding of the teeth.
Decay of a bone or tooth
having no teeth
notched, narrow-edged permanent incisors, sometimes but not always a sign of congenital syphilis.
Faulty contact between the upper and lower teeth when the jaw is closed.
An indentation at the edge of a structure; an incisure.
A collection of pus formed by tissue destruction in an inflamed area of a localized infection.
An acute infectious disease caused by Corynebacterium diphtheriae, and characterized by the production of a systemic toxin and the formation of a false membrane on the lining of the mucous membrane of the throat and other respiratory passages, causing difficulty in breathing, high fever, and weakness. The toxin is particularly harmful to the tissues of the heart and central nervous system.
Retching or gagging caused by the contact of a foreign body with the mucous membrane of the throat.
Inflammation of the pharynx.
a suppurative inflammation of the tonsils; suppurative tonsillitis; tonsillar abscess.
inflammation of a tonsil or the tonsils.
enlargement or overgrowth of an organ or part due to increase in size of its constituent cells
To develop an ulcer; become ulcerous.
Relating to the cheek or mouth and the pharynx.
A dark brown or blackish crustlike deposit on the lips, teeth, and gums of a person with dehydration resulting from a chronic debilitating disease.
Inflammation of the mucous membrane of the mouth.
An acute, sometimes recurrent lesion of the mouth, gums, and throat often associated with fusiform bacilli and spirochetes, marked by ulceration and necrosis of the gum margin, destruction of the interdental papillae, and foul breath
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