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Short Story Exam Study Guide (In Progress)
Terms in this set (48)
What is Antagonist?
The character that comes into conflict with the main character
What is Atmosphere?
The general mood, feeling, or spirit of a story that the author creates
What is Chronological?
The order in which events actually take place in time
What is Climax?
The point of greatest tension in the story
What is Conflict?
A struggle or problem between two opposing forces
What is Dramatic irony?
When the reader knows something that a character does not know
What is Flashback?
Going back to previous events
What is Foreshadowing?
Giving hints or inklings about future events
What is Imagery?
Using words that create a sensory picture for the reader
What is Internal conflict?
The struggle between a character and his conscience
What is Irony of situation?
In a story, when the opposite of what is expected happens
What is Narrator?
The person who tells a story
What is Omniscient?
The point of view when the narrator is able to see into every character
What is Plot?
The action or series of events in a story
What is Point of view?
The angle from which a story is told
What is Protagonist?
The main character of a story
What is Resolution?
Solving the "problem" in the story, tying up loose ends
What is Setting?
The location and time period of a story
What is Suspense?
Keeping the reader not knowing what is going to happen next
What is Symbol?
Something in a story that stands for something else
What is Theme?
A complex idea that lies below the surface of the story
What is Tone?
Attitude of the author - sarcastic, earnest, playful, humorous
What is Verbal irony?
When a character says one thing but means another
Who wrote "A Christmas Memory" ?
Who wrote "Old Man at the Bridge" ?
Who wrote "To Build A Fire" ?
Who wrote "The Necklace" ?
Guy de Maupassant
Who wrote "The Last Lesson" ?
Who wrote "African Morning" ?
Who wrote "Through the Tunnel" ?
Who wrote "Maud Martha and New York" ?
Who wrote "The Monkey's Paw"?
Plot of "Miss Brill"
A lonely woman goes to the park every Sunday to feel like she is included in life's play. She eavesdrops on peoples conversations and people-watches to feel included in their lives. Two teenagers make fun of Miss Brill and her fur, her prized possession, which she treats like its alive when its a stuffed fox she wears around her neck. This causes her to skip an integral part of her routine and to return to her room, crying because she is not wanted.
Plot of "The Gift of the Magi"
Dela and Jim sacrifice their prized possessions without each other knowing to buy each other gifts for Christmas. Jim sells his watch to buy hair combs for Dela, while Dela sells her hair to buy a watch fob for Jim. Once Jim comes home, he realizes Dela has no hair, and shows her the gift he has bought for her - hair combs - which she does not need anymore. Dela then shows Jim the gift of the watch fob, which he also doesn't need any more - sold for Dela's gift. They fall in love, realizing that they have sacrificed their prized possessions for the love of each other.
Plot of "The Masque of the Red Death"
Prince Prospero locks himself and his 1000 of courtiers in a castellated abbey during the height of a plague called the Red Death. The prince proceeds to throw an elaborate masquerade for the courtiers. Little does he know that as time passes, he is being stalked by a stranger, the embodiment of the Red Death. As the clock strikes midnight, the spectral figure strikes and kills Prospero and gradually his courtiers fall as well.
Plot of "The Lottery"
A rural town conducts a yearly ritual that occurs on June 27th involving a lottery drawing resulting in the winner being stoned to death.
Plot of "A Visit of Charity"
A girl goes to an old women's home to fulfill an assignment for her local girl scouts group, when there she is met with a place of neglect and is scared by two women who she is assigned to spend an hour with, she makes a run for it grabbing a red apple from the bushes as she exits.
Plot of "The Catbird Seat"
An accountant at a law firm is harassed by a new, inexperienced co-worker who has the ability to fire him. Mrs. Barrows, the new worker gets on the accountant, Mr. Martin's nerves and he eventually thinks she is intent upon uprooting the whole firm. He will have none of it and decides to take matters into his own hands and murder her. When this fails he does the next best thing and gets her fired.
Plot of "Owl Creek"
A Southern man during the Civil War attempts to help his Confederate brethren by alerting them to a Union advancement, but he he hung for treason. As the noose tightens, he begins to imagine a grandiose escape in which he manages to make it back to his wife, as he is about to embrace her, the rope becomes taught and his neck breaks.
Plot of "The Sniper"
A soldier in the Irish Civil War is wounded and finds himself in a dire situation, running out of options in a standoff with an enemy sniper. He fools his enemy into thinking that he is dead before killing him, only to find that the man he killed is his own brother.
Setting of "Miss Brill"
The Public Gardens of France/ Miss Brill's imagination. The time period is probably the 20s or 40s.
Setting of "The Gift of the Magi"
A city in Great Depression America
Setting of "The Masque of the Red Death"
A kingdom in the Middle Ages
Setting of "The Lottery"
A rural town in the recent past or present
Setting of "A Visit of Charity"
An old women's home that is removed from a nearby town.
Setting of "The Catbird Seat"
1950s city in the US, I'm pretty sure its Chicago.
Setting of "Owl Creek"
The South during the Civil War, a river called Owl Creek, where the main character, Farquhar is hung.
Setting of "The Sniper"
Dublin during the Irish Civil War
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