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Chapter 5

All ammonium and group 1A


All nitrates


Chlorides, bromides, and iodides when paired with what 3 elements are insoluble?

Ag, Hg, and Pb

Sulfates when paired with what 6 elements are insoluble?

Ag, Hg, Pb, Ca, Sr, and Ba

All chlorates


All perchlorates


All acetates


Pairing sulfates with what elements make them soluble?

Groups 1 & 2A, ammonium

What 3 hydroxides are slightly soluble?

Sr(OH)2, Ba(OH)2, Ca(OH)2

All hydroxides (except when with 1A and ammonium)


All carbonates, phosphates, and sulfites (except group 1A and ammonium)


All oxides and oxalates (except group 1A)



Compound that increases the concentration of H+ ions or produces them when dissolved in water


Increases the concentration of hydroxide ions (OH-) or produces them when dissolved in water

What are the 6 strong acids?

Hydrochloric acid (HCl), Nitric acid (NO3), Sulfuric acid (H2SO4), Hydroiodic acid (HI), Hydrobromic acid (HBr), Perchloric acid (HClO4)

What are 6 strong bases?

Lithium hydroxide (LiOH), Sodium hydroxide (NaOH), Potassium hydroxide (KOH), Calcium hydroxide ((CaOH)2), Barium hydroxide ((BaOH)2), Strontium hydroxide ((SrOH)2)


The reaction of an acid with a base to produce a salt and water


Adding oxygen to an element/compund


Adding hydrogen; reduce ore to metal; reverse of oxidation

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