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19 terms

Chemical Reactions

Chapter 5
STUDY
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All ammonium and group 1A
Soluble
All nitrates
Soluble
Chlorides, bromides, and iodides when paired with what 3 elements are insoluble?
Ag, Hg, and Pb
Sulfates when paired with what 6 elements are insoluble?
Ag, Hg, Pb, Ca, Sr, and Ba
All chlorates
Soluble
All perchlorates
Soluble
All acetates
Soluble
Pairing sulfates with what elements make them soluble?
Groups 1 & 2A, ammonium
What 3 hydroxides are slightly soluble?
Sr(OH)2, Ba(OH)2, Ca(OH)2
All hydroxides (except when with 1A and ammonium)
Insoluble
All carbonates, phosphates, and sulfites (except group 1A and ammonium)
Insoluble
All oxides and oxalates (except group 1A)
Insoluble
Acids
Compound that increases the concentration of H+ ions or produces them when dissolved in water
Bases
Increases the concentration of hydroxide ions (OH-) or produces them when dissolved in water
What are the 6 strong acids?
Hydrochloric acid (HCl), Nitric acid (NO3), Sulfuric acid (H2SO4), Hydroiodic acid (HI), Hydrobromic acid (HBr), Perchloric acid (HClO4)
What are 6 strong bases?
Lithium hydroxide (LiOH), Sodium hydroxide (NaOH), Potassium hydroxide (KOH), Calcium hydroxide ((CaOH)2), Barium hydroxide ((BaOH)2), Strontium hydroxide ((SrOH)2)
Neutralization
The reaction of an acid with a base to produce a salt and water
Oxidation
Adding oxygen to an element/compund
Reduction
Adding hydrogen; reduce ore to metal; reverse of oxidation