Like this study set? Create a free account to save it.

Sign up for an account

Already have a Quizlet account? .

Create an account

Chemical weathering

The process in which chemical reactions alter or destroy minerals when rock comes in contact with water solutions and/or air


Naturally formed cracks in rocks

Physical weathering

The process in which intact rock breaks into smaller grains or chunks


An accumulation of loose mineral grains, such as boulders, pebbles, sand, silt, or mud, that are not cemented together


Sediment that has undergone changes at the surface of the Earth, including reaction with rainwater and the addition of organic material

Soil erosion

The removal of soil by wind and runoff

Soil horizon

Distinct zones within a soil, distinguished from each other by factors such as chemical composition and organic content

Soil profile

A vertical sequence of distinct zones of soil


The processes that break up and corrode solid rock, eventually transforming it into sediment

Zone of accumulation

The layer of regolith in which new minerals precipitate out of water passing through, thus leaving behind a load of fine clay

Zone of leaching

The layer of regolith in which water dissolves ions and picks up very fine clay; these materials are then carried downward by infiltrating water

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions and try again


Reload the page to try again!


Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

Voice Recording